Newbery Medal - Wikipedia
Newbery Medal
The John Newbery Medal, frequently shortened to the Newbery, is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association (ALA), to the author of "the most distinguished contributions to American literature for children".[1] The Newbery and the Caldecott Medal are considered the two most prestigious awards for children's literature in the United States.[2] Books selected are widely carried by bookstores and libraries, the authors are interviewed on television, and master's and doctoral theses are written on them.[3] Named for John Newbery, an 18th-century English publisher of juvenile books, the winner of the Newbery is selected at the ALA's Midwinter Conference by a fifteen-person committee. The Newbery was proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921, making it the first children's book award in the world.[3][4]:1 The physical bronze medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and is given to the winning author at the next ALA annual conference. Since its founding there have been several changes to the composition of the selection committee, while the physical medal remains the same.
Newbery Medal
Awarded for"The most distinguished contribution to American literature for children"
CountryUnited States
Presented byAssociation for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association
First awarded1922
Currently held byTae Keller, When You Trap a Tiger
Besides the Newbery Medal, the committee awards a variable number of citations to leading contenders, called Newbery Honors or Newbery Honor Books; until 1971, these books were called runners-up. As few as zero and as many as eight have been named, but from 1938 the number of Honors or runners-up has been one to five. To be eligible, a book must be written by a United States citizen or resident and must be published first or simultaneously in the United States in English during the preceding year.[5] Six authors have won two Newbery Medals each, several have won both a Medal and Honor, while a larger number of authors have won multiple Honors, with Laura Ingalls Wilder having won five Honors without ever winning the Medal.
Frederic G. Melcher first proposed the idea for the Newbery Award.
The Newbery Medal was established on June 22, 1921, at the annual conference of the American Library Association (ALA).[6] Proposed by Publishers Weekly editor Frederic G. Melcher, the proposal was well received by the children's librarians present and then approved by the ALA Executive Board.[7] The award was administered by the ALA from the start, but Melcher provided funds that paid for the design and production of the medal.[8]:59 The Newbery Medal was inaugurated in 1922, considering books published in 1921.[9]:1[a] According to The Newbery and Caldecott Awards Melcher and the ALA Board agreed to establish the award for several reasons that related to children's librarians. They wanted to encourage quality, creative children's books and to demonstrate to the public that children's books deserve recognition and praise.[4]:1 In 1932 the committee felt it was important to encourage new writers in the field, so a rule was made that an author would win a second Newbery only if the vote was unanimous. The rule was in place until 1958.[4]:2Joseph Krumgold became the first winner of a second Newbery in 1960. Another change, in 1963, made it clear that joint authors of a book were eligible for the award.[4]:2 Several more revisions and clarifications were added in the 1970s and 1980s.[4]:2–3 Significantly in 1971, the term Newbery Honor was introduced. Runners-up had been identified annually from the start, with a few exceptions only during the 1920s; all those runners-up were named Newbery Honor Books retroactively.[4]:2[7]
The physical medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and depicts an author giving his work (a book) to a boy and a girl to read on one side and on the other side the inscription, "For the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children".[4]:3, 8 The bronze medal retains the name "Children's Librarians' Section", the original group responsible for awarding the medal, despite the sponsoring committee having changed names four times and now including both school and public librarians.[4]:3 Each winning author gets their own copy of the medal with their name engraved on it.[6] Currently the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC) is responsible for the award.[1]
John Newbery, called "The Father of Children's Literature", was an English publisher of books who first made children's literature a sustainable and profitable part of the literary market.[10]
As Barbara Elleman explained in The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, the original Newbery was based on votes by a selected jury of Children's Librarian Section officers. Books were first nominated by any librarian, then the jury voted for one favorite. Hendrik van Loon's non-fiction history book The Story of Mankind won with 163 votes out of 212.[11]:11 In 1924 the process was changed, and instead of using popular vote it was decided that a special award committee would be formed to select the winner. The award committee was made up of the Children's Librarian Section executive board, their book evaluation committee and three members at large. In 1929 it was changed again to the four officers, the chairs of the standing committees and the ex-president. Nominations were still taken from members at large.[11]:13
In 1937 the American Library Association added the Caldecott Award, for "the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children published in the United States".[12] That year an award committee selected the Medal and Honor books for both awards.[8]:7 In 1978 the rules were changed and two committees were formed of fifteen people each, one for each award. A new committee is formed every year, with "eight elected, six appointed, and one appointed Chair".[4]:7 The Newbery Medal was named for eighteenth-century British bookseller John Newbery. It is awarded annually by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association, to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children.
Selection process
Committee members are chosen to represent a wide variety of libraries, teachers and book reviewers. They read the books on their own time, then meet twice a year for closed discussions. Any book that qualifies is eligible; it does not have to have been nominated. The Newbery is given to the "author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children published by an American publisher in the United States in English during the preceding year."[4] :4 Newbery winners are announced at the Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association, held in January or February.[9]:8 The Honor Books must be a subset of the runners-up on the final ballot, either the leading runners-up on that ballot or the leaders on one further ballot that excludes the winner.[8]:37 The results of the committee vote are kept secret, and winners are notified by phone shortly before the award is announced.[4]:8 In 2015, K. T. Horning of the University of Wisconsin–Madison's Cooperative Children's Book Center proposed to ALSC that old discussions of the Newbery and Caldecott be made public in the service of researchers and historians.[13] This proposal was met with both support and criticism by former committee members and recognized authors.[14][15]
In October 2008, Anita Silvey, a children's literary expert, published an article in the School Library Journal criticizing the committee for choosing books that are too difficult for children.[3][16] Lucy Calkins, of the Reading and Writing Project at Columbia University's Teachers College, agreed with Silvey: "I can't help but believe that thousands, even millions, more children would grow up reading if the Newbery committee aimed to spotlight books that are deep and beautiful and irresistible to kids".[3] But then–ALSC President Pat Scales said, "The criterion has never been popularity. It is about literary quality. How many adults have read all the Pulitzer Prize-winning books and... liked every one?"[3] John Beach, associate professor of literacy education at St. John's University in New York, compared the books that adults choose for children with the books that children choose for themselves and found that in the past 30 years there is only a five percent overlap between the Children's Choice Awards (International Reading Association) and the Notable Children's Books list (American Library Association).[3] He has also stated that "the Newbery has probably done far more to turn kids off to reading than any other book award in children's publishing."[3]
Hendrik Willem van Loon won the first Newbery Medal in 1922 for his book The Story of Mankind.
Dhan Gopal Mukerji was the first Indian American to win the Newbery Medal.[17]
Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote five books each named a Newbery Honor between 1938 and 1944.
Elizabeth Gray Vining (right) won the Newbery Medal in 1943 for Adam of the Road, which was illustrated by Robert Lawson, who won the Newbery Medal himself in 1945.
Lois Lenski, who won two Newbery Honors and one Newbery Medal, wrote series that were connected by themes rather than characters.
E. B. White won a Newbery Honor for Charlotte's Web for which he also recorded an unabridged audiobook.
Jean Craighead George won both a Newbery Medal and Honor.
Beverly Cleary won two Newbery Honors for her Ramona series and the Medal for Dear Mr. Henshaw.
Paul Fleischman won the Newbery Medal in 1989, two years after his father Sid Fleischman won it.
Lois Lowry won two Newbery Medals four years apart.
Jerry Spinelli is one of many authors to have been awarded both the Newbery Medal and Newbery Honor.
Karen Cushman followed her 1995 Newbery Honor with a 1996 Newbery Medal.
Sharon Creech has been both a winner and Honor recipient.
Louis Sachar won in 1999 for Holes.
Kate DiCamillo is one of six authors to have been a Newbery winner multiple times.
Jacqueline Woodson has been a Newbery Honor recipient four times.
Christopher Paul Curtis won a Newbery Honor and Newbery Medal for the first two books he published, The Watsons Go to Birmingham – 1963 and Bud, Not Buddy.
Winners and Honor Books[18]
1922Hendrik Willem van LoonThe Story of MankindWinner
Charles Boardman HawesThe Great QuestHonor
Bernard MarshallCedric the ForesterHonor
William BowenThe Old Tobacco Shop: A True Account of What Befell a Little Boy in Search of AdventureHonor
Padraic ColumThe Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived Before AchillesHonor
Cornelia MeigsThe Windy HillHonor
1923Hugh LoftingThe Voyages of Doctor DolittleWinner
1924Charles Boardman HawesThe Dark FrigateWinner
1925Charles FingerTales from Silver LandsWinner
Annie Carroll MooreNicholas: A Manhattan Christmas StoryHonor
Anne Parrish
& Dillwyn Parrish[b]
The Dream CoachHonor
1926Arthur Bowie ChrismanShen of the SeaWinner
Padraic ColumThe Voyagers: Being Legends and Romances of Atlantic DiscoveryHonor
1927Will JamesSmoky the Cow HorseWinner
1928Dhan Gopal MukerjiGay Neck, the Story of a PigeonWinner
Ella YoungThe Wonder Smith and His SonHonor
Caroline SnedekerDownright DenceyHonor
1929Eric P. KellyThe Trumpeter of KrakowWinner
John BennettThe Pigtail of Ah Lee Ben Loo with Seventeen Other Laughable Tales and 200 Comical SilhouettesHonor
Wanda GágMillions of CatsHonor
Grace HallockThe Boy Who WasHonor
Cornelia MeigsClearing WeatherHonor
Grace MoonRunaway PapooseHonor
Elinor Whitney FieldTod of the FensHonor
1930Rachel FieldHitty, Her First Hundred YearsWinner
Jeanette EatonA Daughter of the Seine: The Life of Madame RolandHonor
Elizabeth MillerPran of AlbaniaHonor
Marian Hurd McNeelyThe Jumping-Off PlaceHonor
Ella YoungThe Tangle-Coated Horse and Other TalesHonor
Julia Davis AdamsVaino, A Boy of New FinlandHonor
Hildegarde SwiftLittle Blacknose: The Story of a PioneerHonor
1931Elizabeth CoatsworthThe Cat Who Went to HeavenWinner
Anne ParrishFloating IslandHonor
Alida MalkusThe Dark Star of Itza: The Story of A Pagan PrincessHonor
Ralph HubbardQueer PersonHonor
Julia Davis AdamsMountains are FreeHonor
Agnes HewesSpice and the Devil's CaveHonor
Elizabeth Janet GrayMeggy MacIntoshHonor
Herbert BestGarram the Hunter: A Boy of the Hill TribesHonor
Alice Alison Lide and Margaret Alison JohansenOod-Le-Uk the WandererHonor
1932Laura Adams ArmerWaterless MountainWinner
Dorothy P. LathropThe Fairy CircusHonor
Rachel FieldCalico BushHonor
Eunice TietjensBoy of the South SeasHonor
Eloise LownsberyOut of the FlameHonor
Marjorie Hill AlleeJane's IslandHonor
Mary Gould DavisTruce of the Wolf and Other Tales of Old ItalyHonor
1933Elizabeth Foreman LewisYoung Fu of the Upper YangtzeWinner
Cornelia MeigsSwift RiversHonor
Hildegarde SwiftThe Railroad To Freedom: A Story of the Civil WarHonor
Nora BurglonChildren of the Soil: A Story of ScandinaviaHonor
1934Cornelia MeigsInvincible LouisaWinner
Caroline SnedekerThe Forgotten DaughterHonor
Elsie SingmasterSwords of SteelHonor
Wanda GágThe ABC BunnyHonor
Erick BerryWinged Girl of KnossosHonor
Sarah Lindsay SchmidtNew Land[19]Honor
Padraic ColumThe Big Tree of Bunlahy: Stories of My Own CountrysideHonor
Agnes HewesGlory of the SeasHonor
Anne Dempster KyleApprentice of FlorenceHonor
1935Monica ShannonDobryWinner
Elizabeth SeegerPageant of Chinese HistoryHonor
Constance RourkeDavy CrockettHonor
Hilda van StockumA Day On Skates: The Story of a Dutch PicnicHonor
1936Carol Ryrie BrinkCaddie WoodlawnWinner
Phil StongHonk, the MooseHonor
Kate SeredyThe Good MasterHonor
Elizabeth Janet GrayYoung Walter ScottHonor
Armstrong SperryAll Sail Set: A Romance of the Flying CloudHonor
1937Ruth SawyerRoller SkatesWinner
Lois LenskiPhoebe Fairchild: Her BookHonor
Idwal JonesWhistler's VanHonor
Ludwig BemelmansThe Golden BasketHonor
Margery WilliamsWinterboundHonor
Constance RourkeAudubonHonor
Agnes HewesThe Codfish MusketHonor
1938Kate SeredyThe White StagWinner
James Cloyd BowmanPecos Bill: The Greatest Cowboy of All TimeHonor
Mabel RobinsonBright IslandHonor
Laura Ingalls WilderOn the Banks of Plum CreekHonor
1939Elizabeth EnrightThimble SummerWinner
Valenti AngeloNinoHonor
Richard & Florence AtwaterMr. Popper's PenguinsHonor
Phyllis CrawfordHello the Boat!Honor
Jeanette EatonLeader By Destiny: George Washington, Man and PatriotHonor
Elizabeth Janet GrayPennHonor
1940James DaughertyDaniel BooneWinner
Kate SeredyThe Singing TreeHonor
Mabel RobinsonRunner of the Mountain Tops: The Life of Louis AgassizHonor
Laura Ingalls WilderBy the Shores of Silver LakeHonor
Stephen W. MeaderBoy with a PackHonor
1941Armstrong SperryCall It CourageWinner
Doris GatesBlue WillowHonor
Mary Jane CarrYoung Mac of Fort VancouverHonor
Laura Ingalls WilderThe Long WinterHonor
Anna Gertrude HallNansenHonor
1942Walter D. EdmondsThe Matchlock GunWinner
Laura Ingalls WilderLittle Town on the PrairieHonor
Genevieve FosterGeorge Washington's WorldHonor
Lois LenskiIndian Captive: The Story of Mary JemisonHonor
Eva Roe GagginDown Ryton WaterHonor
1943Elizabeth Janet GrayAdam of the RoadWinner
Eleanor EstesThe Middle MoffatHonor
Mabel Leigh HuntHave You Seen Tom Thumb?Honor
1944Esther ForbesJohnny TremainWinner
Laura Ingalls WilderThese Happy Golden YearsHonor
Julia SauerFog MagicHonor
Eleanor EstesRufus M.Honor
Elizabeth YatesMountain BornHonor
1945Robert LawsonRabbit HillWinner
Eleanor EstesThe Hundred DressesHonor
Alice DalglieshThe Silver PencilHonor
Genevieve FosterAbraham Lincoln's WorldHonor
Jeanette EatonLone Journey: The Life of Roger WilliamsHonor
1946Lois LenskiStrawberry GirlWinner
Marguerite HenryJustin Morgan Had a HorseHonor
Florence Crannell MeansThe Moved-OutersHonor
Christine WestonBhimsa, the Dancing BearHonor
Katherine ShippenNew Found WorldHonor
1947Carolyn Sherwin BaileyMiss HickoryWinner
Nancy BarnesThe Wonderful YearHonor
Mary & Conrad BuffBig TreeHonor
William MaxwellThe Heavenly TenantsHonor
Cyrus FisherThe Avion My Uncle FlewHonor
Eleanore M. JewettThe Hidden Treasure of GlastonHonor
1948William Pène du BoisThe Twenty-One BalloonsWinner
Claire Huchet BishopPancakes-ParisHonor
Carolyn TreffingerLi Lun, Lad of CourageHonor
Catherine BestermanThe Quaint and Curious Quest of Johnny LongfootHonor
Harold CourlanderThe Cow-Tail Switch, and Other West African StoriesHonor
Marguerite HenryMisty of ChincoteagueHonor
1949Marguerite HenryKing of the WindWinner
Holling C. HollingSeabirdHonor
Louise RankinDaughter of the MountainsHonor
Ruth S. GannettMy Father's DragonHonor
Arna BontempsStory of the NegroHonor
1950Marguerite de AngeliThe Door in the WallWinner
Rebecca CaudillTree of FreedomHonor
Catherine CoblentzThe Blue Cat of Castle TownHonor
Rutherford George MontgomeryKildee HouseHonor
Genevieve FosterGeorge WashingtonHonor
Walter & Marion HavighurstSong of The Pines: A Story of Norwegian Lumbering in WisconsinHonor
1951Elizabeth YatesAmos Fortune, Free ManWinner
Mabel Leigh HuntBetter Known as Johnny AppleseedHonor
Jeanette EatonGandhi, Fighter Without a SwordHonor
Clara Ingram JudsonAbraham Lincoln, Friend of the PeopleHonor
Anne Parrish[b]The Story of Appleby CappleHonor
1952Eleanor EstesGinger PyeWinner
Elizabeth BaityAmericans Before ColumbusHonor
Holling C. HollingMinn of the MississippiHonor
Nicholas KalashnikoffThe DefenderHonor
Julia SauerThe Light at Tern RockHonor
Mary & Conrad BuffThe Apple and the ArrowHonor
1953Ann Nolan ClarkSecret of the AndesWinner
E. B. WhiteCharlotte's WebHonor
Eloise Jarvis McGrawMoccasin TrailHonor
Ann WeilRed Sails to CapriHonor
Alice DalglieshThe Bears on Hemlock MountainHonor
Genevieve FosterBirthdays of Freedom, Vol. 1Honor
1954Joseph Krumgold...And Now MiguelWinner
Claire Huchet BishopAll AloneHonor
Meindert DeJongShadrachHonor
Meindert DeJongHurry Home, CandyHonor
Clara Ingram JudsonTheodore Roosevelt, Fighting PatriotHonor
Mary & Conrad BuffMagic MaizeHonor
1955Meindert DeJongThe Wheel on the SchoolWinner
Alice DalglieshThe Courage of Sarah NobleHonor
James UllmanBanner in the SkyHonor
1956Jean Lee LathamCarry On, Mr. BowditchWinner
Marjorie Kinnan RawlingsThe Secret RiverHonor
Jennie LindquistThe Golden Name DayHonor
Katherine ShippenMen, Microscopes, and Living ThingsHonor
1957Virginia SorensenMiracles on Maple HillWinner
Fred GipsonOld YellerHonor
Meindert DeJongThe House of Sixty FathersHonor
Clara Ingram JudsonMr. Justice HolmesHonor
Dorothy RhoadsThe Corn Grows RipeHonor
Marguerite de AngeliBlack Fox of LorneHonor
1958Harold KeithRifles for WatieWinner
Mari SandozThe HorsecatcherHonor
Elizabeth EnrightGone-Away LakeHonor
Robert LawsonThe Great WheelHonor
Leo GurkoTom Paine, Freedom's ApostleHonor
1959Elizabeth George SpeareThe Witch of Blackbird PondWinner
Natalie Savage CarlsonThe Family Under the BridgeHonor
Meindert DeJongAlong Came a DogHonor
Francis KalnayChucaro: Wild Pony of the PampaHonor
William O. SteeleThe Perilous RoadHonor
1960Joseph KrumgoldOnion JohnWinner
Jean Craighead GeorgeMy Side of the MountainHonor
Gerald W. JohnsonAmerica Is Born: A History for PeterHonor
Carol KendallThe Gammage CupHonor
1961Scott O'DellIsland of the Blue DolphinsWinner
Gerald W. JohnsonAmerica Moves Forward: A History for PeterHonor
Jack SchaeferOld RamonHonor
George SeldenThe Cricket in Times SquareHonor
1962Elizabeth George SpeareThe Bronze BowWinner
Edwin TunisFrontier LivingHonor
Eloise Jarvis McGrawThe Golden GobletHonor
Mary StolzBelling The TigerHonor
1963Madeleine L'EngleA Wrinkle in TimeWinner
Sorche Nic LeodhasThistle and Thyme: Tales and Legends from ScotlandHonor
Olivia CoolidgeMen of AthensHonor
1964Emily Cheney NevilleIt's Like This, CatWinner
Sterling NorthRascalHonor
Ester WierThe LonerHonor
1965Maia WojciechowskaShadow of a BullWinner
Irene HuntAcross Five AprilsHonor
1966Elizabeth Borton de TreviñoI, Juan de ParejaWinner
Lloyd AlexanderThe Black CauldronHonor
Randall JarrellThe Animal FamilyHonor
Mary StolzThe Noonday FriendsHonor
1967Irene HuntUp a Road SlowlyWinner
Scott O'DellThe King's FifthHonor
Isaac Bashevis SingerZlateh The Goat and Other StoriesHonor
Mary Hays WeikThe Jazz ManHonor
1968E. L. KonigsburgFrom the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. FrankweilerWinner
E. L. KonigsburgJennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, ElizabethHonor
Scott O'DellThe Black PearlHonor
Isaac Bashevis SingerThe Fearsome InnHonor
Zilpha Keatley SnyderThe Egypt GameHonor
1969Lloyd AlexanderThe High KingWinner
Julius LesterTo Be a SlaveHonor
Isaac Bashevis SingerWhen Shlemiel Went to Warsaw and Other StoriesHonor
1970William H. ArmstrongSounderWinner
Sulamith Ish-kishorOur EddieHonor
Janet Gaylord MooreThe Many Ways of Seeing: An Introduction to the Pleasures of ArtHonor
Mary Q. SteeleJourney OutsideHonor
1971Betsy ByarsSummer of the SwansWinner
Natalie BabbittKnee-Knock RiseHonor
Sylvia EngdahlEnchantress from the StarsHonor
Scott O'DellSing Down the MoonHonor
1972Robert C. O'BrienMrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMHWinner
Allan W. EckertIncident at Hawk's HillHonor
Virginia HamiltonThe Planet of Junior BrownHonor
Ursula K. Le GuinThe Tombs of AtuanHonor
Miska MilesAnnie and the Old OneHonor
Zilpha Keatley SnyderThe Headless CupidHonor
1973Jean Craighead GeorgeJulie of the WolvesWinner
Arnold LobelFrog and Toad TogetherHonor
Johanna ReissThe Upstairs RoomHonor
Zilpha Keatley SnyderThe Witches of WormHonor
1974Paula FoxThe Slave DancerWinner
Susan CooperThe Dark Is RisingHonor
1975Virginia HamiltonM. C. Higgins, the GreatWinner
Ellen RaskinFiggs & PhantomsHonor
James Lincoln Collier & Christopher CollierMy Brother Sam Is DeadHonor
Elizabeth Marie PopeThe Perilous GardHonor
Bette GreenePhilip Hall Likes Me, I Reckon MaybeHonor
1976Susan CooperThe Grey KingWinner
Sharon Bell MathisThe Hundred Penny BoxHonor
Laurence YepDragonwingsHonor
1977Mildred TaylorRoll of Thunder, Hear My CryWinner
William SteigAbel's IslandHonor
Nancy BondA String in the HarpHonor
1978Katherine PatersonBridge to TerabithiaWinner
Beverly ClearyRamona and Her FatherHonor
Jamake HighwaterAnpao: An American Indian OdysseyHonor
1979Ellen RaskinThe Westing GameWinner
Katherine PatersonThe Great Gilly HopkinsHonor
1980Joan BlosA Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's JournalWinner
David KherdianThe Road from HomeHonor
1981Katherine PatersonJacob Have I LovedWinner
Jane LangtonThe FledglingHonor
Madeleine L'EngleA Ring of Endless LightHonor
1982Nancy WillardA Visit to William Blake's InnWinner
Beverly ClearyRamona Quimby, Age 8Honor
Aranka SiegalUpon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939–1944Honor
1983Cynthia VoigtDicey's SongWinner
Robin McKinleyThe Blue SwordHonor
William SteigDoctor De SotoHonor
Paul FleischmanGraven ImagesHonor
Jean FritzHomesick: My Own StoryHonor
Virginia HamiltonSweet Whispers, Brother RushHonor
1984Beverly ClearyDear Mr. HenshawWinner
Elizabeth George SpeareThe Sign of the BeaverHonor
Cynthia VoigtA Solitary BlueHonor
Kathryn LaskySugaring TimeHonor
Bill BrittainThe Wish GiverHonor
1985Robin McKinleyThe Hero and the CrownWinner
Mavis JukesLike Jake and MeHonor
Bruce BrooksThe Moves Make the ManHonor
Paula FoxOne-Eyed CatHonor
1986Patricia MacLachlanSarah, Plain and TallWinner
Rhoda BlumbergCommodore Perry In the Land of the ShogunHonor
Gary PaulsenDogsongHonor
1987Sid FleischmanThe Whipping BoyWinner
Cynthia RylantA Fine White DustHonor
Marion Dane BauerOn My HonorHonor
Patricia LauberVolcano: The Eruption and Healing of Mount St. HelensHonor
1988Russell FreedmanLincoln: A PhotobiographyWinner
Norma Fox MazerAfter the RainHonor
Gary PaulsenHatchetHonor
1989Paul FleischmanJoyful Noise: Poems for Two VoicesWinner
Virginia HamiltonIn The Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the WorldHonor
Walter Dean MyersScorpionsHonor
1990Lois LowryNumber the StarsWinner
Janet Taylor LisleAfternoon of the ElvesHonor
Suzanne Fisher StaplesShabanu, Daughter of the WindHonor
Gary PaulsenThe Winter RoomHonor
1991Jerry SpinelliManiac MageeWinner
AviThe True Confessions of Charlotte DoyleHonor
1992Phyllis Reynolds NaylorShilohWinner
AviNothing But The Truth: a Documentary NovelHonor
Russell FreedmanThe Wright Brothers: How They Invented the AirplaneHonor
1993Cynthia RylantMissing MayWinner
Bruce BrooksWhat HeartsHonor
Patricia McKissackThe Dark-ThirtyHonor
Walter Dean MyersSomewhere in the DarknessHonor
1994Lois LowryThe GiverWinner
Jane Leslie ConlyCrazy Lady!Honor
Laurence YepDragon's GateHonor
Russell FreedmanEleanor Roosevelt: A Life of DiscoveryHonor
1995Sharon CreechWalk Two MoonsWinner
Karen CushmanCatherine, Called BirdyHonor
Nancy FarmerThe Ear, the Eye and the ArmHonor
1996Karen CushmanThe Midwife's ApprenticeWinner
Carolyn ComanWhat Jamie SawHonor
Christopher Paul CurtisThe Watsons Go to Birmingham: 1963Honor
Carol FennerYolonda's GeniusHonor
Jim MurphyThe Great FireHonor
1997E. L. KonigsburgThe View from SaturdayWinner
Nancy FarmerA Girl Named DisasterHonor
Eloise Jarvis McGrawThe MoorchildHonor
Megan Whalen TurnerThe ThiefHonor
Ruth WhiteBelle Prater's BoyHonor
1998Karen HesseOut of the DustWinner
Gail Carson LevineElla EnchantedHonor
Patricia Reilly GiffLily's CrossingHonor
Jerry SpinelliWringerHonor
1999Louis SacharHolesWinner
Richard PeckA Long Way from ChicagoHonor
2000Christopher Paul CurtisBud, Not BuddyWinner
Audrey CouloumbisGetting Near to BabyHonor
Jennifer L. HolmOur Only May AmeliaHonor
Tomie dePaola26 Fairmount AvenueHonor
2001Richard PeckA Year Down YonderWinner
Joan BauerHope Was HereHonor
Kate DiCamilloBecause of Winn-DixieHonor
Jack GantosJoey Pigza Loses ControlHonor
Sharon CreechThe WandererHonor
2002Linda Sue ParkA Single ShardWinner
Polly HorvathEverything on a WaffleHonor
Marilyn NelsonCarver: A Life in PoemsHonor
2003AviCrispin: The Cross of LeadWinner
Nancy FarmerThe House of the ScorpionHonor
Patricia Reilly GiffPictures of Hollis WoodsHonor
Carl HiaasenHootHonor
Ann M. MartinA Corner of the UniverseHonor
Stephanie S. TolanSurviving the ApplewhitesHonor
2004Kate DiCamilloThe Tale of DespereauxWinner
Kevin HenkesOlive's OceanHonor
Jim MurphyAn American Plague: The True and Terrifying Story of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793Honor
2005Cynthia KadohataKira-KiraWinner
Gennifer CholdenkoAl Capone Does My ShirtsHonor
Russell FreedmanThe Voice that Challenged a Nation: Marian Anderson and the Struggle for Equal RightsHonor
Gary D. SchmidtLizzie Bright and the Buckminster BoyHonor
2006Lynne Rae PerkinsCriss CrossWinner
Alan ArmstrongWhittingtonHonor
Susan Campbell BartolettiHitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's ShadowHonor
Shannon HalePrincess AcademyHonor
Jacqueline WoodsonShow WayHonor
2007Susan PatronThe Higher Power of LuckyWinner
Jennifer L. HolmPenny from HeavenHonor
Kirby LarsonHattie Big SkyHonor
Cynthia LordRulesHonor
2008Laura Amy SchlitzGood Masters! Sweet Ladies! Voices from a Medieval VillageWinner
Christopher Paul CurtisElijah of BuxtonHonor
Gary D. SchmidtThe Wednesday WarsHonor
Jacqueline WoodsonFeathersHonor
2009Neil GaimanThe Graveyard BookWinner
Kathi AppeltThe UnderneathHonor
Margarita EngleThe Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for FreedomHonor
Ingrid LawSavvyHonor
Jacqueline WoodsonAfter Tupac and D FosterHonor
2010Rebecca SteadWhen You Reach MeWinner
Phillip HooseClaudette Colvin: Twice Toward JusticeHonor
Jacqueline KellyThe Evolution of Calpurnia TateHonor
Grace LinWhere the Mountain Meets the MoonHonor
Rodman PhilbrickThe Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. FiggHonor
2011Clare VanderpoolMoon Over ManifestWinner
Jennifer L. HolmTurtle in ParadiseHonor
Margi PreusHeart of a SamuraiHonor
Joyce SidmanDark Emperor & Other Poems of the NightHonor
Rita Williams-GarciaOne Crazy SummerHonor
2012Jack GantosDead End in NorveltWinner
Thanhha LaiInside Out & Back AgainHonor
Eugene YelchinBreaking Stalin's NoseHonor
2013Katherine ApplegateThe One and Only IvanWinner
Laura Amy SchlitzSplendors and GloomsHonor
Steve SheinkinBomb: The Race to Build—and Steal—the World's Most Dangerous WeaponHonor
Sheila TurnageThree Times LuckyHonor
2014Kate DiCamilloFlora & Ulysses: The Illuminated AdventuresWinner
Holly BlackDoll BonesHonor
Kevin HenkesThe Year of Billy MillerHonor
Amy TimberlakeOne Came HomeHonor
Vince VawterPaperboyHonor
2015Kwame AlexanderThe CrossoverWinner
Cece BellEl DeafoHonor
Jacqueline WoodsonBrown Girl DreamingHonor
2016Matt de la PeñaLast Stop on Market StreetWinner
Kimberly Brubaker BradleyThe War That Saved My LifeHonor
Victoria JamiesonRoller GirlHonor
Pam Muñoz RyanEchoHonor
2017Kelly BarnhillThe Girl Who Drank the MoonWinner
Ashley BryanFreedom Over Me: Eleven Slaves, Their Lives and Dreams Brought to Life by Ashley BryanHonor
Adam GidwitzThe Inquisitor's Tale: Or, The Three Magical Children and Their Holy DogHonor
Lauren WolkWolf HollowHonor
2018Erin Entrada KellyHello, UniverseWinner
Derrick BarnesCrown: An Ode to the Fresh CutHonor
Jason ReynoldsLong Way DownHonor
Renée WatsonPiecing Me TogetherHonor
2019Meg MedinaMerci Suárez Changes GearsWinner
Veera HiranandaniThe Night DiaryHonor
Catherine Gilbert MurdockThe Book of BoyHonor
2020Jerry CraftNew KidWinner
Kwame AlexanderThe UndefeatedHonor
Christian McKay HeidickerScary Stories for Young FoxesHonor
Jasmine WargaOther Words for HomeHonor
Alicia D. WilliamsGenesis Begins AgainHonor
2021Tae KellerWhen You Trap a TigerWinner
Kimberly Brubaker BradleyFighting WordsHonor
Erin Entrada KellyWe Dream of SpaceHonor
Christina SoontornvatAll Thirteen: The Incredible Cave Rescue of the Thai Boys' Soccer TeamHonor
Christina SoontornvatA Wish in the DarkHonor
Carole Boston WeatherfordBOX: Henry Brown Mails Himself to FreedomHonor
Multiple award winners
Listed below are all authors who have won at least two Newbery Medals or who have three or more Medals and/or Honors.
     Won a Newbery Medal and Honor
Isaac Bashevis Singer's first Newbery Honor Book, Zlateh the Goat and Other Stories, also won the Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis.[20]
Jennifer Holm's first book, Our Only May Amelia was sparked by her Great Aunt's diaries and won a Newbery Honor.[21]
AuthorTotal number of Medals and HonorsNumber of Newbery MedalsNewbery MedalsNumber of Newbery HonorsNewbery Honors
Avi31200321991, 1992
Mary & Conrad Buff331947, 1952, 1954
Beverly Cleary31198421978, 1982
Padraic Colum331922, 1926, 1934
Christopher Paul Curtis31200021996, 2008
Alice Dalgliesh331945, 1953, 1955
Meindert DeJong51195541954, 1954, 1957, 1959
Kate DiCamillo322004, 201412001
Jeanette Eaton441930, 1934, 1945, 1951
Eleanor Estes41195231943, 1944, 1945
Nancy Farmer331995, 1997, 2003
Genevieve Foster441942, 1945, 1950, 1953
Russell Freedman41198831992, 1994, 2005
Elizabeth Janet Gray41194331931, 1936, 1939
Virginia Hamilton41197531972, 1983, 1989
Marguerite Henry31194921946, 1948
Agnes Hewes331931, 1934, 1937
Jennifer L. Holm332000, 2007, 2011
Clara Ingram Judson331951, 1954, 1957
E. L. Konigsburg321968, 199711968
Joseph Krumgold221954, 1960
Lois Lenski31194621937, 1942
Lois Lowry221990, 1994
Eloise Jarvis McGraw331953, 1962, 1997
Cornelia Meigs41193431922, 1929, 1933
Scott O'Dell41196131967, 1968, 1971
Anne Parrish331925, 1931, 1951
Katherine Paterson321978, 198111979
Gary Paulsen331986, 1988, 1990
Kate Seredy31193821936, 1940
Isaac Bashevis Singer331967, 1968, 1969
Zilpha Keatley Snyder331968, 1972, 1973
Elizabeth George Speare321959, 196211984
Laura Ingalls Wilder551938, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1944
Jacqueline Woodson442006, 2008, 2009, 2015
See also

  1. ^ In retrospect it is officially dated 1922 and that convention is followed here.
  2. ^ a b Anne and Dillwyn Parrish jointly created The Dream Coach, one of two runners-up in 1925. But the title page of the first edition clearly states (all capitals except 'by'): "By Anne and Dillwyn Parrish * * With Pictures & A Map by The Authors".[22]
      Anne is better known as a writer, Dillwyn as an artist and illustrator, and some sources credit them as writer and illustrator respectively. As of May 2016 the official list of Newbery Medal winners and runners-up cites Anne Parrish alone as the writer.[18] (It cites no illustrator, and thus does not mention Dillwyn, because the Newbery is a literary award.)
      Anne Parrish alone wrote and illustrated Floating Island and The Story of Appleby Capple, Newbery runners-up in 1931 and 1951. Regarding the latter, Delaware book collector John P. Reid notes: "A juvenile, dedicated to her deceased younger brother Dillwyn and based on an alphabet game he and Anne had played as children." Reid briefly reviews their two jointly written and illustrated children's books, as well as Appleby Capple.[23]
  1. ^ a b "Welcome to the Newbery Medal Home Page!" Archived May 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA). Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  2. ^ Drabble, Emily (January 12, 2016). "Winners of Newbery, Caldecott and Printz awards announced". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Strauss, Valerie (December 16, 2008). "Critics Say Newbery-Winning Books Are Too Challenging for Young Readers". The Washington Post. p. C01. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Newbery & Caldecott Awards : a guide to the medal and honor books. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association (2018 ed.). Chicago. ISBN 9780838917305. OCLC 1020310919.
  5. ^ "Newbery Medal terms and criteria"Archived May 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ALSC. ALA. January 1978; Midwinter 1987; Annual 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "The John Newbery Medal". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). November 30, 1999. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "The John Newbery Medal". ALSC. ALA. November 30, 1999. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "John Newbery Medal Committee Manual" (PDF). ALSC. ALA. October 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 10, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  9. ^ a b The Newbery and Caldecott awards : A Guide to the Medal and Honor Books. Association for Library Service to Children. (2008 ed.). Chicago: American Library Association. 2008. ISBN 9781441619211. OCLC 435528356.
  10. ^ Matthew O Grenby (2013). "Little Goody Two-Shoes and Other Stories: Originally Published by John Newbery". p. 7. Palgrave Macmillan
  11. ^ a b The Newbery and Caldecott awards : a guide to the medal and honor books. Association for Library Service to Children. (2007 ed.). Chicago: American Library Association. 2007. ISBN 978-0-8389-3567-5. OCLC 135585274.
  12. ^ "The Randolph Caldecott Medal". ALSC. ALA. November 30, 1999. Archived from the original on October 18, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
  13. ^ Horning, Kathleen T. (June 3, 2016). "I Could Tell You About the Newbery and Caldecott Committees. But I Can't. | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  14. ^ Spicer, Ed (June 3, 2016). "Let Book Awards Committee Members Blab | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  15. ^ Santat, Dan (June 3, 2016). "Why You Don't Want To Know More About the Newbery and Caldecott | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  16. ^ Silvey, Anita (October 1, 2008). "Has the Newbery Lost Its Way?". School Library Journal. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  17. ^ Gandhi, Lakshmi (June 17, 2017). "Remembering the first Indian-American children's book to win a Newbery". NBC News. Archived from the original on January 4, 2018. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  18. ^ a b "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present" Archived April 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ALSC. ALA. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  19. ^ "New land, a novel for boys and girls"Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. WorldCat. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  20. ^ Arbeitskreis für Jugendliteratur e.V. "Zlateh, die Geiß." Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved December 28, 2012.
  21. ^ Myrick, Ellen (December 2, 2009). "Holm, Jennifer". Bound to Stay Bound. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  22. ^ The Dream Coach (title page targeted). New York: The Macmillan Company, 1924. Electronic reproduction. [S.l.]: HathiTrust Digital Library (, 2011. OCLC 765763078. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  23. ^ "Anne Parrish" Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. John P. Reid. Collecting Delaware Books ( Retrieved June 1, 2016.
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