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2016 Nicaraguan general election
  (Redirected from Nicaraguan general election, 2016)
General elections were held in Nicaragua on 6 November 2016 to elect the President, the National Assembly and members of the Central American Parliament.[1] Incumbent President Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) was re-elected for a third consecutive term amid charges he and the FSLN used their control of state resources to bypass constitutional term limits and hamstring political rivals. The FSLN benefited from strong economic growth and relatively low levels of crime compared to neighbouring countries.[2]
2016 Nicaraguan presidential election
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CandidateDaniel OrtegaMaximino Rodríguez
PartyFSLNPLC
Running mateRosario MurilloMartha McCoy
Popular vote1,806,651374,898
Percentage72.44%15.03%
President before election
President-elect
According to the official results, Ortega was reelected with more than 70% of the votes. However, the election was questioned by the opposition due to the dismissal of sixteen opposition deputies months prior to the election, the lack of international observers and the complaints of both electoral fraud and voter intimidation.[2]
Background
Four months before the elections, the Nicaraguan Supreme Court removed the disputed Independent Liberal Party (PLI) leader Eduardo Montealegre from office, decreeing that Pedro Reyes was the leader of the PLI. After 16 deputies from the PLI and its Sandinista Renovation Movement ally objected, the Supreme Electoral Council ordered them removed from the National Assembly and empowered Reyes to select their replacements.[3][4][5][6]
Electoral system
The President of Nicaragua was elected using first-past-the-post voting system.[7]
The 90 elected members of the National Assembly were elected by two methods; 20 members were elected from a single nationwide constituency, whilst 70 members were elected from 17 multi-member constituencies ranging in size from 2 to 19 seats. Both types of election were carried out using closed list proportional representation with no electoral threshold.[8] A further two seats were reserved for the runner-up in the presidential election and the outgoing president (or their vice president).[9]
Lists of candidates to the National Assembly and to the Central American Parliament had to be composed of 50% male and 50% female candidates.[10]
Conduct
In June 2016 Ortega announced international observers would not be allowed to oversee the elections. The Carter Center termed this "an attack on the international community... We...lament this decision to ignore a key portion of Nicaragua's own electoral law."[11] However, less than two weeks before the elections, the Organization of American States accepted an invitation to send a delegation "to meet with experts and state bodies involved in the electoral process" from 5–7 November.[12][13]
According to the official results, Ortega was reelected with more than 70% of the votes. However, the election was questioned by the opposition due to the dismissal of the opposition deputies, the lack of international observers and the complaints of both electoral fraud and voter intimidation.[2]
Results
President
Ortega was widely expected to win due to the popularity of his social programmes and because he faced no obvious political challenger.[14]
CandidatePartyVotes%
Daniel OrtegaSandinista National Liberation Front1,806,65172.44
Maximino RodríguezConstitutionalist Liberal Party374,89815.03
José AlvaradoIndependent Liberal Party112,5624.51
Saturnino CerratoNicaraguan Liberal Alliance107,3924.31
Erick CabezasConservative Party57,4372.30
Carlos CanalesAlliance for the Republic35,0021.40
Invalid/blank votes
Total2,493,942100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE
National Assembly
PartyNationalConstituencyTotal
seats
+/–
Votes%SeatsVotes%Seats
Sandinista National Liberation Front1,590,31665.86141,608,39566.465670+7
Constitutionalist Liberal Party369,34215.303375,43215.511013+11
Independent Liberal Party162,0436.711117,6264.8612–25
Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance137,5415.701137,0785.6612+2
Conservative Party106,0274.391110,5684.5701+1
Alliance for the Republic49,3292.04070,9392.9311+1
YATAMA30,9011.2811–1
Special members[a]Ex-officio members2
Invalid/blank votesN/AN/A
Total2,414,598100202,450,93910070920
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE, El 19 Digital
^ The runner-up in the presidential election (Maximino Rodríguez of the Constitutionalist Liberal Party) and the outgoing president are special members of the National Assembly; as Ortega was re-elected, outgoing Vice President Omar Halleslevens of the FSLN, who was not Ortega's running mate in these elections (having been replaced by Rosario Murillo), will take up his seat.
List of elected deputies
NamePartyConstituency
Adilia del Pilar Salinas OrtegaPLCChontales
Alba Estela González TorrezFSLNNational
Alejandro Mejía FerretiALNNational
Alfredo César AguirrePCNational
Alveris Beldramina Arias SiezarFSLNManagua
Ángela Espinoza TorrezFSLNMadriz
Antenor Enrique Urbina LeyvaFSLNCosta Caribe Norte
Argentina del Socorro Parajón AlejosFSLNLeón
Arling Patricia Alonso GómezFSLNChinandega
Arturo José Valdez RobletoFSLNCosta Caribe Sur
Bayardo Antonio Chávez MendozaFSLNChinandega
Benita del Carmen Arbizú MedinaFSLNLeón
Brooklyn Rivera BryanYATAMACosta Caribe Norte
Byron Rodolfo Jérez SolísAPREManagua
Carlos Alberto Jirón BolañosPLCLeón
Carlos Emilio López HurtadoFSLNManagua
Carlos Wilfredo Navarro MoreiraFSLNNational
Corina González GarcíaFSLNChontales
Delia María Law BlancoFSLNGranada
Dora Elena RojasFSLNChinandega
Douglas Alemán BenavídezFSLNChontales
Edwin Ramón Castro RiveraFSLNManagua
Efrén José González BrionesFSLNMadriz
Enrique Aldana BurgosFSLNMatagalpa
Enrique Javier Beteta AcevedoFSLNNational
Evelin Patricia Aburto TorresFSLNMasaya
Félix Andrés Sandoval JarquínFSLNChinandega
Filiberto Jacinto Rodríguez LópezFSLNLeón
Florence Ivette Levy WilsonFSLNNational
Giorgia Hilaria Juárez CruzFSLNChinandega
Gladis de los Ángeles BáezFSLNLeón
Gloria del Rosario MontenegroFSLNJinotega
Guillermo Eduardo Arce CastañoFSLNManagua
Gustavo Eduardo Porras CortésFSLNNational
Haydée Azucena Castillo BarqueroPLCNational
Herberto Octavio Ruiz MoralesFSLNGranada
Iris Marina Montenegro BlandónFSLNManagua
Irma de Jesús Dávila LazoFSLNMatagalpa
Jacinto José Suárez EspinozaFSLNManagua
Jenny Azucena Martínez GómezFSLNMasaya
Jimmy Harold Blandón RubioPLCManagua
Johanna del Carmen Luna LiraFSLNManagua
José Antonio Zepeda LópezFSLNNational
José Ramón Sarría MoralesFSLNLeón
José Santos Figueroa AguilarFSLNManagua
Josefina Roa RomeroFSLNCarazo
Juana de los Ángeles MolinaFSLNNational
Juana Vicenta Argeñal SandovalFSLNNational
Juan Ramón JiménezFSLNCarazo
Juan Ramón Meza RomeroFSLNJinotega
Juan Ramón Obregón ValdiviaFSLNJinotega
Justo Armando Peña AvilésFSLNRivas
Laura Estela Bermúdez RobletoFSLNNational
Lester Adrián Villarreal PérezPLCMasaya
Loria Raquel Dixon BrautigamFSLNCosta Caribe Norte
Lucina Leonor Paz RodríguezFSLNBoaco
Luis Coronel CuadraFSLNRío San Juan
María Augustina Montenegro LópezFSLNMatagalpa
María Auxiliadora Martínez CorralesFSLNGranada
María Fernanda Ernestina Flores LanzaPLCManagua
María Haydée Osuna RuizPLCNational
María Jilma Rosalez EspinozaFSLNEstelí
María Manuela Sacasa SelvaFSLNNational
Mario José Asensio FlorezPLIManagua
Mario Valle DávilaFSLNManagua
Maritza del Socorro EspinalesFSLNManagua
Maryinis Ibet Vallejoz ChavarríaFSLNRivas
Mauricio Orúe VásquezALNManagua
Maximino Rodríguez Martínez[a]PLC
Melba del Socorro Sánchez SuárezFSLNManagua
Melvin Martín Argucia PerrottFSLNNueva Segovia
Miguel Anselmo Rosales OrtegaPLCNational
Mirta Mercedes Carrión CanoPLCChinandega
Moisés Omar Halleslevens Acevedo[a]FSLN
Nasser Sebastián Silwany BáezFSLNMasaya
Odell Ángel Incer BarqueroFSLNBoaco
Osorno Salomón ColemanFSLNNational
Patricia Mercedes Sánchez UrbinaFSLNManagua
Paul Antonio González TenorioPLCCosta Caribe Sur
Pedro Antonio Haslam MendozaFSLNNational
Pedro Joaquín Treminio MendozaPLINational
Perla Soledad Castillo QuinteroFSLNEstelí
Reyna Juanita Rueda AlvaradoFSLNNational
Reynaldo Altamirano AlanizPLCMatagalpa
Rosa Adelina Barahona CastroFSLNMatagalpa
Rosa Argentina Navarro SánchezPLCManagua
Rosa Herminia Irias FigueroaFSLNNueva Segovia
Rubén de Jesús Gómez SuárezFSLNMatagalpa
Santiago José Martínez LacayoFSLNCarazo
Víctor Octavio Triminio ZavalaFSLNEstelí
Walmaro Antonio Gutiérrez MercadoFSLNNational
Walter Edén Espinoza FernándezPLCManagua
Source: PGR [1]
^ a b The runner-up in the presidential election (Maximino Rodríguez of the Constitutionalist Liberal Party) and the outgoing president are special members of the National Assembly; as Ortega was re-elected, outgoing Vice President Omar Halleslevens of the FSLN, who was not Ortega's running mate in these elections (having been replaced by Rosario Murillo), will take up his seat.
Central American Parliament
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Sandinista National Liberation Front1,673,62768.4415+2
Constitutionalist Liberal Party346,85514.193+2
Independent Liberal Party139,6185.710–6
Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance134,8585.521+1
Conservative Party106,3504.350
Alliance for the Republic43,9051.81+1
Invalid/blank votes
Total2,445,213100200
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE, El 19 Digital
References
  1. ^ Nicaragua general election, 2016 NDI
  2. ^ a b c "Nicaragua president re-elected in landslide amid claims of rigged vote". The Guardian. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  3. ^ CSJ resuelve extenso conflicto del PLI Nuevo Diario, 9 June 2016
  4. ^ ¿Quién es Pedro Reyes? La Prensa, 9 June 2016
  5. ^ Asamblea ejecuta destitución de diputados Nuevo Diario, 30 July 2016
  6. ^ "Nicaragua electoral authority unseats opposition lawmakers". townhall.com. AP. 30 July 2016. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  7. ^ Constitution of Nicaragua, Article 146. "Ley de Reforma Parcial a la Constitución Política de la República de Nicaragua" (in Spanish). National Assembly. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  8. ^ Electoral system IPU
  9. ^ Last elections IPU
  10. ^ Constitution of Nicaragua, Article 131. "Ley de Reforma Parcial a la Constitución Política de la República de Nicaragua" (in Spanish). National Assembly. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Statement on Daniel Ortega's Decision Not to Invite International Observers to Nicaragua Elections". Carter Center. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Nicaragua to accept OAS election observers". townhall.com. AP. 25 October 2016. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  13. ^ "OAS Observer in Nicaragua, the Bishops call for authentic dialogue". Agenzia Fides. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  14. ^ Nicaragua leader Daniel Ortega wins third consecutive term BBC
Last edited on 26 February 2021, at 05:58
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