Norman Frederick Jewison CC OOnt
(born July 21, 1926) is a Canadian retired film director, producer, screenwriter, and founder of the Canadian Film Centre
. He has directed numerous feature films and has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director
three times in three separate decades for In the Heat of the Night
(1967), Fiddler on the Roof
(1971) and Moonstruck
(1987). Other highlights of his directing career include The Cincinnati Kid
(1965), The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming
(1966), The Thomas Crown Affair
(1968), Jesus Christ Superstar
(1978), ...And Justice for All
(1979), A Soldier's Story
(1984), Agnes of God
(1985), Other People's Money
(1991), The Hurricane
(1999), and The Statement
Jewison was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of Dorothy Irene (née Weaver) and Percy Joseph Jewison, who managed a convenience store and post office.
He attended Kew Beach School and Malvern Collegiate Institute
, and while growing up in the 1930s displayed an aptitude for performing and theatre. He is often mistaken for being Jewish due to his surname and direction of Fiddler on the Roof
and Jesus Christ Superstar
, but Jewison and his family are in fact Protestant
He served in the Royal Canadian Navy
(1944–1945) during World War II
, and after being discharged travelled in the American South, where he encountered segregation, an experience that would influence his later work.
Jewison attended Victoria College
in the University of Toronto
, graduating with a B.A. in 1949. As a student he was involved in writing, directing, and acting in various theatrical productions, including the All-Varsity Revue in 1949. Following graduation, he moved to London
, where he worked sporadically as a script writer for a children's TV program and bit part actor for the BBC
, while supporting himself with odd jobs. Out of work in Britain in late 1951, he returned to Canada to become a production trainee at CBLT
in Toronto, which was preparing for the launch of CBC Television
When CBC Television
went on the air in the fall of 1952, Jewison was an assistant director.
During the next seven years he wrote, directed, and produced a wide variety of musicals, comedy-variety shows, dramas, and specials, including The Big Revue
and The Barris Beat
. In 1953 he married Margaret Ann "Dixie" Dixon, a former model. They would have three children – Michael, Kevin, and Jennifer – who would all pursue careers in the entertainment industry.
In 1958 Jewison was recruited to work for NBC
in New York, where his first assignment was Your Hit Parade
, followed by The Andy Williams Show
. The success of these shows led to directing specials featuring performers such as Harry Belafonte
, Jackie Gleason
, and Danny Kaye
. The television production that proved pivotal to Jewison's career was the Judy Garland
"comeback" special that aired in 1961, which included Frank Sinatra
and Dean Martin
, and led to a weekly show that Jewison was later called in to direct. Visiting the studio during rehearsal for the special, actor Tony Curtis
suggested to Jewison that he should direct a feature film.
It was not until the early 1990s that he would branch back into television, starting with producing the TNT
biographical film Geronimo
Jewison's career as a film director began with the comedy Forty Pounds of Trouble
(1962), starring Tony Curtis. The next three films he directed, including two with Doris Day
, The Thrill of It All
(1963) and Send Me No Flowers
(1964), were also light comedies done under contract for Universal Studios
. After The Art of Love
(1965), Jewison was determined to escape from the genre and tackle more demanding projects. His breakthrough film proved to be The Cincinnati Kid
(1965), a drama starring Steve McQueen
, now considered one of the finest movies made about gambling, and Jewison considers it one of his personal favourites because it was his first challenging drama.
This success was followed in 1966 by a satire on Cold War
paranoia, The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming
; it was the first film Jewison also produced, and it was nominated for four Academy Awards
, including Best Picture. He felt that doing "a plea for coexistence, or the absurdity of international conflict was important right at that moment". While reaction to Russians
was positive, Jewison was labeled as "a Canadian pinko" by right-wing commentators.
Continuing the string of successes was one of the films that has become closely identified with its director, In the Heat of the Night
(1967), a crime drama set in a racially divided Southern town and starring Sidney Poitier
and Rod Steiger
, which won five Academy Awards
, including Best Picture, while Jewison was nominated for Best Director. While he was filming, Robert Kennedy
told Jewison that this could be "a very important film. Timing is everything". Kennedy reminded Jewison of that prediction a year and a half later when he presented him with the Critics' Choice Movie Award
for best drama.
As a follow-up he directed and produced another film with McQueen, using innovative multiple screen images in the crime caper The Thomas Crown Affair
(1968). From that point Jewison produced all feature films he directed, often with associate Patrick Palmer, and he also acted as producer for films directed by others, beginning with his former film editor Hal Ashby
's directorial debut The Landlord
After the completion of the period comedy Gaily, Gaily
(1969), Jewison, having become disenchanted with the political climate in the United States, moved his family to England.
At Pinewood Studios northwest of London, and on location in Yugoslavia
, he worked on the musical Fiddler on the Roof
(1971, re-issued 1979), which won three Oscars
and was nominated for five others, including Best Picture and Director. During the filming of Fiddler
, Jewison was also the subject of the 1971 National Film Board of Canada
documentary, Norman Jewison, Filmmaker
, directed by Douglas Jackson.
Jewison's next project was the musical Jesus Christ Superstar
(1973), based on the Broadway musical written by Andrew Lloyd Webber
and Tim Rice
. It was filmed in Israel, where Jewison also produced the western Billy Two Hats
(1974), starring Gregory Peck
, controversial for its treatment of a religious subject, was followed by another movie that sparked critical debate, this time over violence. Rollerball
(1975) is set in the near future when corporations rule the world and entertainment is centred around a deadly game. The next film he directed, the labour union drama F.I.S.T.
(1978), loosely based on the life of Jimmy Hoffa
, also provided some controversy, this time regarding the screenwriting
credit. Screenwriter Joe Eszterhas
was unhappy to share the screenwriting credit with the film's star Sylvester Stallone
, as he felt that Stallone's input had been minor, while Stallone claimed to have basically rewritten the whole script.
Jewison's next film proved to be one of the most popular romantic films ever made. Moonstruck
(1987), starring Cher
, was a box office hit that garnered three Academy Awards
, including Best Actress for Cher. Jewison also received his third Best Director nomination.
For the next decade Jewison continued to direct feature films released by major studios: In Country
(1989), a drama concerned with Vietnam veterans and the daughter of a war casualty; Other People's Money
(1991), a social comedy about greed in the 1980s; Only You
(1994), a romantic comedy set in Italy; and Bogus
(1996), a fantasy about a young boy and his imaginary friend. He also served as producer for the film January Man
(1989), executive producer for the Canadian movie Dance Me Outside
, and branched back into television both as director and producer, including the series The Rez
Jewison continued directing and producing up until his last film to be released, the 2003 thriller The Statement
, based on a novel by Brian Moore
starring Michael Caine
. That same year his autobiography This Terrible Business Has Been Good to Me
was published, expressing the enthusiasm, conviction and creative passion that have sustained his career.
Canadian Film Centre
Jewison at a CFC Garden Party in 2012
Jewison’s commitment and contribution to film in Canada is evidenced by his creation of the Canadian Centre for Advanced Film Studies in 1986, which opened its doors in 1988 as an advanced film school on Windfields Estate in Toronto, Ontario. Later renamed the Canadian Film Centre
(CFC), its mission is to invest in and inspire the next generation of world-class Canadian content creators and entrepreneurs in the screen-based entertainment industry. The CFC delivers a range of multidisciplinary programs and initiatives in film, television, music, screen acting, and digital media, which provides industry collaborations, strategic partnerships, and business and marketplace opportunities for talent and participants.
Jewison welcoming guests to a CFC event in 2012
More than 1700 alumni and 100 alumni companies have come out of CFC’s programs to date,
- Filmmakers and/or TV creators Clement Virgo and Damon D'Oliveira (The Book of Negroes), Brad Peyton (San Andreas), Daniel Bekerman (The Witch), Tassie Cameron (Rookie Blue), Michelle Lovretta (Killjoys, Lost Girl), Vincenzo Natali (Cube, Splice)
- Actors Giacomo Gianniotti (Grey’s Anatomy), Annie Murphy (Schitt’s Creek), Eli Goree (Race)
- Screen composer Todor Kobakov (Bitten, Closet Monster, Hellions); singers/songwriters Adaline (Grey’s Anatomy, 90210), Allie X
- Digital media entrepreneurs AsapSCIENCE, Mediazoic, Wondereur
- Alumni companies Shaftesbury Films, Conquering Lion Pictures, CopperHeart Entertainment, Smiley Guy Studios, and Secret Location 
Jewison is the Chair Emeritus of the CFC.
The Thalberg award was one of many honours Jewison has been awarded, including Honorary Degrees from Trent, Western Ontario and the University of Toronto
, and he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1992. Also in 1992, Jewison received the Ramon John Hnatyshyn
Award for Voluntarism in the Performing Arts, a companion award of the Governor General's Performing Arts Awards
, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts.
Jewison and wife Lynne St. David-Jewison in September 2016
Norman Jewison and Margaret Ann Dixon married on July 11, 1953. She died on November 26, 2004, the day following her 74th birthday, in Orangeville, Ontario
, from undisclosed causes.
They have three children and five grandchildren.
In 2010 Blake Goldring
1,000,000 to Victoria University at the University of Toronto
to establish a specialized first-year liberal arts program in Jewison's name. The program began in September 2011 welcoming fewer than 30 select students into Norman Jewison Stream for Imagination and the Arts. Goldring is a 1981 graduate of the school.
On January 30, 2010, Jewison received a lifetime achievement award from the Directors Guild of America
at the 62nd Annual DGA Awards, held at the Century Plaza in Los Angeles.
Also in 2010, Jewison married Lynne St. David, whom he had begun dating in 2008. Her married name is Lynne St. David-Jewison.
Canadian honours system
- ^ "Norman Jewison". IMDb. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
- ^ a b "Norman Jewison biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. 2003. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- ^ "Norman Jewison Film Reference biography". Filmreference.com. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- ^ This Terrible Business has been Good to Me. October 27, 2004. ‹See Tfd›ASIN 1552632113‹See Tfd›.
- ^ a b "Jewison interview in CBCs "The Hour", May 27, 2009". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- ^ a b c Sears, Alex Asher; LoBrutto, Vincent (2008). "Norman Jewison Receives the ACE Golden Eddie Award". American Cinema Editors. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008.
- ^ Jewison biography, Internet Movie Database
- ^ "TNT Norman Jewison Profile". Tcm.com. March 14, 1999. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- ^ Bierlich, Jenny. Interview with Norman Jewison – 58th Annual ACE Eddie Awards at the Beverly Hilton Hotel on YouTube, February 17, 2008
- ^ a b Enright, Michael (December 30, 2018) . The Sunday Edition - December 30, 2018 (Radio interview). CBC. Event occurs at 13:30.
- ^ Jewison filmography, Internet Movie Database
- ^ "National Film Board of Canada archives "Norman Jewison, Filmmaker"". Onf-nfb.gc.ca. August 3, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- ^ "Yahoo! TV Esterhaus biography". Tv.yahoo.com. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
- ^ ImdB Awards for Agnes of God
- ^ "Special Collections: Norman Jewison". Victoria University Library. University of Toronto. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- ^ a b CFC
- ^ CFC
- ^ CFC
- ^ CFC
- ^ "Norman Jewison biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. 1992. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- ^ "IN BRIEF: Norman Jewison's wife dies; Louvre II announced; more", CBC, 30 November 2004. Archived December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Spotlight". Toronto Star - Toronto, Ont. Mar 4, 2004 Page: A.23
- ^ Christie, Brendan (October 14, 2010). "U of T creates Norman Jewison Stream of social study". Playbackonline.ca. Brunico Communications Ltd. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- ^ McNary, Dave (December 1, 2009). "DGA shows Jewison the love". Variety. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- ^ "1998 (71st) Academy Awards — Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award — Winner: Norman Jewison". Academy Awards Acceptance Speech Database. Oscars.org. March 21, 1999. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- ^ "Berlinale: 1988 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- ^ "14th Moscow International Film Festival (1985)". MIFF. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- ^ "DGC Lifetime Achievement Award 2002". Internet Movie Database.
- ^ Morrison, Tom (September 21, 2014). "Canadian cinema legend Jewison receives WIFF award". OurWindsor.Ca. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
Last edited on 3 May 2021, at 06:27
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