North Saharan steppe and woodlands
The climate in this ecoregion is hot and dry in the summer but cooler with some rain in the winter. Atlantic depressions sometimes penetrate inland between October and April. Rainfall is erratic, but averages 100 mm (4 in) in the north and 50 mm (2 in) in the south. During the summer, temperatures regularly rise to 40 to 45 °C (104 to 113 °F) and evaporation far exceeds precipitation.
There are varying habitats in the ecoregion including sandy systems, rocky plateaus, wadis, depressions and mountains. Each has its own characteristic species and there is considerable endemism
of both plants and animals in the area. Small mammals endemic to the Sahara area include the four-toed jerboa
), North African gerbil
), James's gerbil
), pale gerbil
), lesser short-tailed gerbil
), sand gerbil
), fat-tailed gerbil
) and Shaw's jird
). Larger mammals include the dorcas gazelle
), mountain gazelle
) and slender-horned gazelle
). There are a variety of snakes and lizards, including two endemic species, desert agama
) and Natterer's gecko
). There are few amphibians, Brongersma's toad
) being endemic to the coastal region of North Africa. Among the bird species, the Houbara bustard
) and Nubian bustard
) have decreased in numbers because of hunting pressure.
Last edited on 23 April 2021, at 07:46
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