North Sinai Governorate
North Sinai Governorate (Arabic: محافظة شمال سيناءMuḥāfẓet Shamāl Sīnāʾ) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the north-eastern part of the country, and encompasses the northern half of the Sinai Peninsula. It is bordered in the north by the Mediterranean Sea, in the south by South Sinai Governorate, in the west by Port Said, Ismailia, and Suez Governorates,[4] and in the east by the Gaza Strip (Rafah Governorate) and Israel (Southern District). Its capital is the city of El Arish. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion.
North Sinai Governorate


North Sinai Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30.5°N 33.6°E
SeatArish (capital)
 • GovernorMohamed Abdel-Fadil Shousha[2]
 • Total27,574 km2 (10,646 sq mi)
Population (January 2018)
 • Total457,000[1]
 • Density16.57/km2 (42.9/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.701[3]
The population of the North Sinai Governorate as at 2015 was 434,781 people, comprising predominantly Bedouin tribesmen. The Governorate covers an area of 27,574 square kilometers. The population density is 15 inhabitants per square kilometer.
A significant economic activity of the Bedouin tribes has been smuggling. They have been active smuggling into the Gaza Strip supplies and weapons using cross-border tunnels as well as assisting illegal migrants into Israel. These activities have been curtailed by the Egyptian government crackdown of smuggling into the Gaza Strip and by the building of the Israel-Egypt barrier.
North Sinai has since 2011 been especially affected by the Sinai insurgency and measures by government forces to combat it,[5] which has resulted in many casualties. On October 14, 2016 twelve Egyptian troops were killed at a checkpoint near El Arish.[6] On November 27, 2017 a mosque in the village of Al-Rawda was attacked by roughly 40 gunmen, killing at least 305 and injuring up to 128 others, making it the deadliest terror attack in Egyptian history.[7][8]
Municipal divisions
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions for administrative purposes with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 451,990.[9][10]
Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
El Arish 1قسم أول العريشAl-'Arīsh 155,843Kism (urban and rural parts)
El Arish 2قسم ثان العريشAl-'Arīsh 265,772Kism (fully urban)
El Arish 3قسم ثالث العريشAl-'Arīsh 344,277Kism (fully urban)
El Arish 4قسم رابع العريشAl-'Arīsh 427,164Kism (urban and rural parts)
El Hassanaقسم الحسنةAl-Ḥasanah8,527Kism (urban and rural parts)
Sheikh Zuweidقسم الشيخ زويدAsh-Shaykh Zuwayd60,176Kism (urban and rural parts)
Bir El Abdقسم بئر العبدB'īr al-'Abd55,535Kism (urban and rural parts)
Nakhlقسم نخلNakhl6,051Kism (urban and rural parts)
Rafahقسم رفحRafaḥ75,826Kism (urban and rural parts)
Shurtet El Qasimaقسم شرطة القسيمةShurṭah al-Qasīmah12,011Kism (fully rural)
Shurtet Rumanaقسم شرطة رمانةShurṭah Rumānah40,808Kism (fully rural)
Historical population
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 60.2%. Out of an estimated total of 434,781 people, 261,686 people lived in urban areas and 173,095 lived in rural areas.[11]
Cities and towns
Industrial zones
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in the governorate:[13]
  1. ^ a b "اPop. Estimates by Governorate 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02.
  2. ^ رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس. Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "State Information Service". Archived from the original on 2015-02-07. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  5. ^ IRIN: Economic life slows to a crawl amid crackdown in North Sinai Archived 2015-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ SWEILAM, Ashraf (October 14, 2016). "Militant attack kills 12 Egyptian soldiers in Sinai". AP. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Egypt's Mufti performs Friday prayers at Rawdah mosque - Egypt Today". www.egypttoday.com. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  8. ^ Walsh, Declan; Youssef, Nour (24 November 2017). "Militants Kill 305 at Sufi Mosque in Egypt's Deadliest Terrorist Attack". New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  9. ^ a b "North Sinai Governorates Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  10. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  12. ^ Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  13. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "المحافظون السابقون". Northsinai.gov.eg. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  15. ^ نصار, محمد (30 August 2018). "بعد 10 أعوام.. اللواء محمد عبدالفضيل شوشة يعود محافظًا لشمال سيناء". مصراوي‎. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
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Last edited on 7 April 2021, at 00:39
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