en.m.wikipedia.org
Open-mid central rounded vowel
The open-mid central rounded vowel, or low-mid central rounded vowel,[1] is a vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɞ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 3\. The symbol is called closed reversed epsilon. It was added to the IPA in 1993; before that, this vowel was transcribed ⟨ɔ̈⟩.
Open-mid central rounded vowel
ɞ
IPA Number395
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɞ
Unicode (hex)U+025E
X-SAMPA3\
Braille
Image
Audio sample
IPA: Vowels
FrontCentralBack
Close
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
Near-close
ɪʏ
Close-mid
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
Mid
ø̞
ɤ̞
Open-mid
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
Near-open
Open
aɶ
ɑɒ
Vowels beside dots are: unrounded  rounded
IPA charts were first published with this vowel transcribed as a closed epsilon, ⟨ʚ⟩ (that is, a closed variant of ⟨ɛ⟩, much as the high-mid vowel letter ⟨ɵ⟩ is a closed variant of ⟨e⟩), and this variant made its way into Unicode as U+029A ʚLATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED OPEN E. The IPA charts were later changed to the current closed reversed epsilon ⟨ɞ⟩, and this was adopted into Unicode as U+025E ɞ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED REVERSED OPEN E.
Features
Occurrence
LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
AfrikaansStandard[2]
lug
[lɞχ]'air'Also been described as mid [ɞ̝], typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨œ⟩. Many speakers merge /œ/ with /ə/, even in formal speech.[3] See Afrikaans phonology
EnglishIrish[4]
but
[bɞθ̠]'but'Corresponds to [ʌ] in other varieties. See English phonology
New Zealand[5]
not
[nɞʔt]'not'Possible realization of /ɒ/.[5] See New Zealand English phonology
Faroese[6]
høgur
[ˈhɞːʋʊɹ]'high'Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨øː⟩. See Faroese phonology
FrenchParisian[7]
sort
[sɞːʁ]'fate'Described variously as an allophone of /ɔ/ before /ʁ/[8] and as the default allophone of /ɔ/.[7] See French phonology
Irish
tomhail
[tɞːlʲ]'consume' (imp.)See Irish phonology
Kashubian
ptôch
[ptɞx]'bird'
LimburgishMaastrichtian[9]väöl[vɞːl]'much'Front [œː] in other dialects.[10][11] Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨œː⟩.
Navajo[12]tsosts’id[tsʰɞstsʼɪt]'seven'See Navajo phonology
Northern TiwaTaos dialectącut'uonbo[ʔãˌtʃʊt̚ːˈʔuɞnbɑ]'his-garment-around'Allophone of /ɑ/. See Taos phonology
Poitevino doune[ɞ dun]'he gives'
Somalikeenaysaa[keːnɞjsɑː]'she brings'See Somali phonology
West FrisianSouthwestern dialects[13]boare[ˈbɞːrə]'tomcat'Corresponds to [wa] in other dialects.[13] See West Frisian phonology
Notes
  1. ^ While the International Phonetic Association prefers the terms "close" and "open" for vowel height, many linguists use "high" and "low".
  2. ^ Wissing (2012), p. 711.
  3. ^ Wissing (2016), section "The rounded and unrounded mid-central vowels".
  4. ^ Wells (1982), p. 422.
  5. ^ a b Bauer et al. (2007), p. 98.
  6. ^ Peterson (2000), cited in Árnason (2011:76)
  7. ^ a b Collins & Mees (2013), p. 225.
  8. ^ Fougeron & Smith (1993), p. 73.
  9. ^ Gussenhoven & Aarts (1999), p. 159.
  10. ^ Heijmans & Gussenhoven (1998), p. 110.
  11. ^ Peters (2006), p. 119.
  12. ^ McDonough, Ladefoged & George (1993). The authors gave a narrow transcription of [ɵ], though at the time the IPA had only this one symbol for a mid central rounded vowel, and it is clear from the discussion and formant charts that this vowel a centralized open-mid vowel.
  13. ^ a b Hoekstra (2003:202), citing Hof (1933:14)
References
External links
List of languages with [ɞ] on PHOIBLE
Last edited on 29 December 2020, at 01:54
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit