While the IPA chart lists it as a fully open vowel, the rounded equivalent of [a], Ladefoged
characterizes it as near-open, the rounded equivalent of [æ].
reports that [ɶː] in Stockholm Swedish is sometimes difficult to distinguish from [ɒː
], which is the main realization of the /ɑː/ phoneme, a sign that both vowels are phonetically very close.
- Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned far from the roof of the mouth – that is, low in the mouth.
- Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned forward in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that often they are in fact near-front.
- It is rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.
- ^ While the International Phonetic Association prefers the terms "close" and "open" for vowel height, many linguists use "high" and "low".
- ^ Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-631-19815-4.
- ^ Traunmüller (1982), cited in Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:290)
- ^ a b c Heijmans & Gussenhoven (1998:110)
- ^ a b c d Basbøll (2005:46)
- ^ a b c d e Riad (2014:38)
- ^ Grønnum (1998:100)
- ^ Grønnum (2005:288)
- Basbøll, Hans (2005), The Phonology of Danish, ISBN 0-203-97876-5
- Grønnum, Nina (1998), "Danish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 28 (1–2): 99–105, doi:10.1017/S0025100300006290
- Grønnum, Nina (2005), Fonetik og fonologi, Almen og Dansk (3rd ed.), Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, ISBN 87-500-3865-6
- Heijmans, Linda; Gussenhoven, Carlos (1998), "The Dutch dialect of Weert" (PDF), Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 28: 107–112, doi:10.1017/S0025100300006307
- Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-19815-4.
- Riad, Tomas (2014), The Phonology of Swedish, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-954357-1
- Traunmüller, Hartmut (1982), "Vokalismus in der westniederösterreichischen Mundart.", Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik, 2: 289–333
Last edited on 29 December 2020, at 19:25
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.