Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
(German: Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
, or Bundesverdienstorden
is the only federal decoration
. It was created by the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany
, Theodor Heuss
, on 7 September 1951, and has been awarded to over 200,000 individuals in total, both Germans and foreigners. Since the 1990s, the number of annual awards has declined from over 4,000, first to around 2,300–2,500 per year, and now under 2,000, with a low of 1752 in 2011. In recent years,[when?]
women have made up a steady 30–31% of recipients.
Colloquially, the decorations of the different classes of the Order are also known as the Federal Cross of Merit
Desiring to visibly express recognition and gratitude to deserving men and women of the German people and of foreign countries, on the second Anniversary of the Federal Republic of Germany, I establish the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is awarded for achievements that served the rebuilding of the country in the fields of political, socio-economic and intellectual activity, and is intended to mean an award of all those whose work contributes to the peaceful rise of the Federal Republic of Germany.
The Order comprises four groups with eight regular and one special classes, hereafter the official denominations in English:
Except for the lowest class, the badge is the same for all classes, but with slightly different versions for men and women (slightly smaller badge and ribbon for women):
is a golden cross
enamelled in red, with a central disc bearing a black eagle.
The star is a golden star with straight rays, its size and points vary according to class, with the badge superimposed upon it.
- 8-pointed golden Star: Grand Cross special class
- 6-pointed golden Star: Grand Cross 1st class (and special issue design if golden oak crown between the cross branches around the medallion)
- 4-pointed golden Star: Grand Cross (Grand Cross of Merit with Star and Sash)
- silver Square-upon-point: Knight Commander (Grand Officer)
is red with gold-black-gold stripes.
Insignia of the Grand Cross special class
Insignia of the Grand Cross 1st class
Badge and riband of the class "Grand Cross"
(without showing the star)
Star of the class "Grand Cross"
Star of the class "Knight Commander's Cross"
Badge suspended on neck riband of the class "Commander's Cross"
Medal of Merit
Certificate of Bestowal
- ^ "Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland". www.bundespraesident.de (in German). Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- ^ The Oxford dictionary of abbreviations (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. 1992. p. 70. ISBN 9780192800732. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
- ^ The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, English; German, statistics, both Website of the President, and accessed 29 March 2014
- ^ Binder, Elisabeth (6 September 2001). "Bundesverdienstkreuz: Das Kreuz mit dem Dank". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- ^ Wördehoff, Bernhard (26 May 1989). "Ehre in Serie". Die Zeit (in German). Hamburg. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- ^ "Ordensstufen des Verdienstordens der Bundesrepublik Deutschland" (PDF). auswaertiges-amt.de. German Federal Foreign Office. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- ^ "Bundesverdienstkreuz mit Lorbeerkranz für Kohl" (in German). Rhein-Zeitung. 26 October 1998.
- ^ Hieronymussen, P. O., Orders and Decorations of Europe in Color (London: Macmillan Publishers, 1967).
Last edited on 9 February 2021, at 08:58
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