en.m.wikipedia.org
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.[1]
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic

Insignia of a Knight of the Italian Republic
TypeOrder of knighthood
Awarded forMeritorious service or achievement
Presented by
 Italy
EligibilityCivilian and military divisions
StatusExtant
Established3 March 1951; 70 years ago
Websitehttps://www.quirinale.it/page/omri 
Precedence
Next (lower)Military Order of Italy
The highest ranking honour of the Republic, it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI.[2]
The order effectively replaced national orders such as the Civil Order of Savoy (1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy (1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation (1362).[note 1]
Grades
Investiture takes place biannually on 2 June, the anniversary of the foundation of the Republic and on 27 December, the anniversary of the promulgation of the Italian Constitution. However, those awards on Presidential motu proprio, related to termination of service or granted to foreigners may be made at any time.
The badge, modified in 2001, bears the inscription Al Merito della Repubblica encircling the national coat of arms on the obverse and the Latin Patriæ Unitati (for the union of the country) and Civium Libertati (for the liberty of the citizens) encircling the head of Italia Turrita on the reverse.[4] The six degrees with corresponding ribbons are as follows (with numbers to 2 June 2020):
Ribbon
(1951–2001)
Ribbon
(since 2001)
Class (English)Full title in ItalianAwards
Knight Grand Cross with CollarCavaliere di Gran Croce Decorato di Gran Cordone Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana200
1st Class / Knight Grand CrossCavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana9,178
2nd Class / Grand OfficerGrande Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana24,830
3rd Class / CommanderCommendatore Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana48,184
4th Class / OfficerUfficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana33,442
5th Class / KnightCavaliere Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana146,390
The order is bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, as head of the orders of knighthood, on the recommendation of the President of the Council of Ministers. Except in exceptional circumstances, no one can be awarded for the first time a rank higher than Knight. The minimum age requirement is normally 35.
The Knight Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to heads of state.
Recipients
Grand Cross with Collar
Presidency of Luigi Einaudi (12 May 1948–11 May 1955):[5]
DateRecipient
28 December 1952
 Greece – King Paul I (1947–1964)
11 March 1953
 Brazil – President Getúlio Vargas (1930–1945; 1951–1954)
30 May 1953
 Monaco – Prince Rainier III (1949–2005)
16 July 1953
 Lebanon – President Camille Chamoun (1952–1958)
6 October 1953
 Venezuela – President Marcos Pérez Jiménez (1953–1958)
16 November 1953 Argentina – President Juan Domingo Perón (1946–1955; 1973–1974)
31 December 1953 Germany – President Theodor Heuss (1949–1959)
13 February 1954 Haiti – President Paul Magloire (1950–1956)
31 July 1954
 Dominican Republic – President Rafael Trujillo (1930–1938; 1942–1952)
6 September 1954
 Chile – President Carlos Ibanez del Campo (1927–1931; 1952–1958)
17 November 1954
Sovereign Order of Malta – Liutenant Grand Master Fra' Antonio Hercolani Fava Simonetti (1951–1955)
6 December 1954
 France – President René Coty (1954–1959)
12 February 1955 El Salvador – President Oscar Osorio (1950–1956)
Presidency of Giovanni Gronchi (11 May 1955–11 May 1962):[6]
DateRecipient
11 May 1955
 Italy – Former President Luigi Einaudi (1948–1955)
21 October 1955 Ethiopia – Emperor Haile Selassie (1930–1974)
16 January 1956
 Brazil – President Juscelino Kubitschek (1956–1961)
5 June 1956
 Italy – Former President Enrico De Nicola (1946–1948)
20 September 1956 Liberia – President William Tubman (1944–1971)
15 November 1956
 Peru – President Manuel Prado Ugarteche (1939–1945; 1956–1962)
18 January 1957 Costa Rica – President José Figueres Ferrer (1948–1949; 1953–1958; 1970–1974)
6 March 1957
Sovereign Order of Malta – Liutenant Grand Master Fra' Ernesto Paternò Castello di Carcaci (1955–1962)
11 March 1957 Ireland — President Seán T. O'Kelly (1945–1959)
13 May 1957
 Turkey – President Celal Bayar (1950–1960)
11 June 1957
 Panama – President Ernesto de la Guardia (1956–1960)
26 August 1957 Iran – Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1941–1979)
1 October 1957 El Salvador – President José María Lemus (1956–1960)
9 May 1958 United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II (1952–incumbent)
16 June 1959
 France – President Charles De Gaulle (1959–1969)
11 June 1960 Argentina – President Arturo Frondizi (1958–1962)
8 September 1960 Finland – President Urho Kaleva Kekkonen (1956–1982)
22 September 1960
 Thailand – King Bhumibol Adulyadej (1946–2016)
29 November 1960
 Uruguay – President Benito Nardone (1960–1961)
6 April 1961
 Uruguay – President Eduardo Víctor Haedo (1961–1962)
Presidency of Antonio Segni (11 May 1962–6 December 1964):[7]
DateRecipient
25 May 1962
 Tunisia – President Habib Bourguiba (1957–1987)
2 October 1962
 Senegal – President Léopold Sédar Senghor (1960–1980)
8 October 1962
Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Angelo de Mojana di Cologna (1962–1988)
27 November 1962
 Greece – Prince Constantine
25 September 1963
 Ghana – President Kwame Nkrumah (1960–1966)
2 October 1963
 Somalia – President Aden Adde (1960–1967)
20 April 1964
 Denmark – King Frederick IX (1947–1972)
18 June 1964
 Uruguay – President Luis Giannattasio (1964–1965)
Presidency of Giuseppe Saragat (29 December 1964–29 December 1971):[8]
DateRecipient
16 June 1965
 Peru – President Fernando Belaúnde Terry (1963–1968; 1980–1985)
20 June 1965 Mexico – President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz (1964–1970)
21 June 1965
 Norway – King Olav V (1957–1991)
2 July 1965
 Chile – President Eduardo Frei Montalva (1964–1970)
8 August 1965 Germany – President Heinrich Lübke (1959–1969)
8 September 1965
 Venezuela – President Raúl Leoni (1964–1969)
 Argentina – President Arturo Umberto Illia (1963–1966)
 Brazil – President Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (1964–1967)
21 October 1965 Poland – Chairman of the Council of State Edward Ochab (1964–1968)
11 June 1966
 Belgium – King Baudouin (1951–1993)
14 June 1966 Sweden – King Gustaf VI Adolf (1950–1973)
28 November 1966 El Salvador – President Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo (1962–1967)
8 August 1969
 Ivory Coast – President Félix Houphouët-Boigny (1960–1993)
2 October 1969 Yugoslavia – President Josip Broz Tito (1953–1980)
Presidency of Giovanni Leone (29 December 1971–15 June 1978):[9]
DateRecipient
30 December 1971
 Austria – President Franz Jonas (1965–1974)
23 November 1972
 Indonesia – President Suharto (1968–1998)
21 March 1973 Germany – President Gustav Heinemann (1969–1974)
8 May 1973
 Zaire – President Mobutu Sese Seko (1965–1997)
21 May 1973
 Romania – President of the State Council Nicolae Ceausescu (1967–1989)
8 June 1973
 Saudi Arabia – King Faisal (1964–1975)
1 October 1973
 France – President Georges Pompidou (1969–1974)
23 October 1973
 Netherlands – Queen Juliana (1948–1980)
 Netherlands – Prince Bernhard (1948–1980)
26 October 1973 Luxembourg – Grand Duke Jean (1964–2000)
21 November 1973
 Gabon – President Omar Bongo (1967–2009)
8 February 1974 Mexico – President Luis Echeverría (1970–1976)
22 April 1974 Oman – Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said (1970–2020)
15 December 1974 Iran – Prince Reza Pahlavi
 Iran – Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi (1961–1979)
6 April 1976
 Egypt – President Anwar Sadat (1970–1981)
17 November 1976
 Venezuela – President Carlos Andrés Pérez (1974–1979; 1989–1993)
8 November 1977
 Denmark – Queen Margrethe II (1972–incumbent)
29 April 1978
 Turkey – President Fahri Koruturk (1973–1980)
Presidency of Sandro Pertini (9 July 1978–29 June 1985):[10]
DateRecipient
18 September 1979 Germany – President Karl Carstens (1979–1984)
14 May 1980
 Portugal – President António Ramalho Eanes (1976–1986)
26 May 1980
 Spain – King Juan Carlos I (1975–2014)
18 November 1980
 Greece – President Konstantinos Karamanlis (1980–1985; 1990–1995)
17 December 1980 Yugoslavia – President Cvijetin Mijatović (1980–1981)
30 March 1981 Mexico – President José López Portillo (1976–1982)
 Costa Rica – President Rodrigo Carazo Odio (1978–1982)
1 April 1981
 Colombia – President Julio César Turbay Ayala (1978–1982)
14 October 1981
 Mozambique – President Samora Machel (1975–1986)
30 January 1982
 Egypt – President Hosni Moubarak (1981–2011)
9 March 1982
 Japan – Emperor Hirohito (1926–1989)
5 July 1982
 France – President François Mitterrand (1981–1995)
26 November 1983 Jordan – King Hussein (1952–1999)
20 June 1984 Costa Rica – President Luis Alberto Monge (1982–1986)
11 March 1985 Argentina – President Raúl Alfonsín (1983–1989)
27 March 1985
 Netherlands – Queen Beatrix (1980–2013)
 Netherlands – Prince Claus (1980–2002)
Presidency of Francesco Cossiga (3 July 1985–28 April 1992):[11]
DateRecipient
24 April 1986 Germany – President Richard von Weizsäcker (1984–1994)
25 July 1986 Ireland – President Patrick John Hillery (1976–1990)
5 October 1987
 Iceland – President Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (1980–1996)
6 June 1988
 Venezuela – President Jaime Lusinchi (1984–1989)
16 June 1988 Philippines – President Corazon Aquino (1986–1992)
5 April 1989
 Portugal – President Mario Soares (1986–1996)
12 May 1989 Poland – President Wojciech Jaruzelski (1989–1990)
22 May 1990
Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Andrew Bertie (1988–1998)
11 June 1990
 San Marino – Captain Regent Ottaviano Rossi (1990)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Aldemiro Bartolini (1990)
8 April 1991 Sweden – King Carl XVI Gustav (1973–incumbent)
17 April 1991
 Chile – President Patricio Aylwin (1990–1994)
15 July 1991 Hungary – President Árpád Göncz (1990–2000)
18 September 1991
 Malta – President Censu Tabone (1989–1994)
19 December 1991
 Russia – President Boris Yeltsin (1991–1999)
28 April 1992
 Italy – President Francesco Cossiga (1985–1992) self-awarded
Presidency of Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (25 May 1992–15 May 1999):[12]
DateRecipient
5 October 1992 Argentina – President Carlos Menem (1989–1999)
27 January 1993
 Austria – President Thomas Klestil (1992–2004)
14 September 1993 Finland – President Mauno Koivisto (1982–1994)
3 May 1995
 Ukraine – President Leonid Kuchma (1994–2005)
24 June 1995
 Brazil – President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995–2002)
29 June 1995
 Venezuela – President Rafael Caldera (1994–1999)
19 July 1995
 Chile – President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle (1994–2000)
21 July 1995
 Uruguay – President Julio María Sanguinetti (1995–2000)
16 November 1995
 Malta – President Ugo Mifsud Bonnici (1994–1999)
26 March 1996 Mexico – President Ernesto Zedillo (1994–2000)
23 April 1996
 Albania – President Sali Berisha (1992–1997)
28 May 1996 Poland – President Aleksander Kwaśniewski (1995–2005)
7 October 1996
 Turkey – President Süleyman Demirel (1993–2000)
28 January 1997 Finland – President Martti Ahtisaari (1994–2000)
20 April 1997 Germany – President Roman Herzog (1994–1999)
2 May 1997 Uzbekistan – President Islam Karimov (1991–2016)
4 May 1997 Kazakhstan – President Nursultan Nazarbayev (1990–2019)
20 May 1997 Lithuania – President Algirdas Brazauskas (1992–1998)
21 May 1997 Latvia – President Guntis Ulmanis (1993–1999)
22 May 1997
 Estonia – President Lennart Meri (1992–2001)
19 July 1997
 Saudi Arabia – King Fahd (1982–2005)
5 November 1997
 Lebanon – President Elias Hrawi (1989–1998)
13 November 1997
 Slovakia – President Michal Kovac (1993–1998)
3 March 1998
 San Marino – Captain Regent Marino Zanotti (1998)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Luigi Mazza (1998)
12 April 1998
 Japan – Emperor Akihito (1989–2019)
12 May 1998
 Belgium – King Albert II (1993–2013)
19 January 1999
 Dominican Republic – President Leonel Fernández (1996–2000; 2008–2012)
19 February 1999 Palestine – President Yasser Arafat (1994–2004)
23 February 1999 Lithuania – President Valdas Adamkus (1998–2003; 2004–2009)
Presidency of Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (18 May 1999–15 May 2006):[13]
DateRecipient
21 October 1999
 France – President Jacques Chirac (1995–2007)
15 November 1999
 Algeria – President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (1999–2019)
2 March 2000
 South Korea – President Kim Dae-Jung (1998–2003)
3 March 2000
 Chile – President Ricardo Lagos (2000–2006)
11 April 2000
 Morocco – King Mohammed VI (1999–incumbent)
26 April 2000 Qatar – Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (1995–2013)
23 January 2001
 Greece – President Konstantinos Stephanopoulos (1995–2005)
9 February 2001 Jordan – King Abdullah II (1999–incumbent)
7 March 2001 Argentina – President Fernando de la Rúa (1999–2001)
 Uruguay – President Jorge Batlle (2000–2005)
19 October 2001
 Norway – King Harald V (1991–incumbent)
27 November 2001
 Portugal – President Jorge Sampaio (1996–2006)
14 January 2002 Serbia and Montenegro – President Vojislav Koštunica (2000–2003)
6 March 2002
 South Africa – President Thabo Mbeki (1999–2008)
11 March 2002
 San Marino – Captain Regent Gino Giovagnoli (2002)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Alberto Cecchetti (2002)
22 March 2002 Germany – President Johannes Rau (1999–2004)
27 March 2002
 Czech Republic – President Vaclav Havel (1993–2003)
17 June 2002 Hungary – President Ferenc Mádl (2000–2005)
28 June 2002
 Slovakia – President Rudolf Schuster (1999–2004)
4 December 2002
 Peru – President Alejandro Toledo (2001–2006)
14 March 2003 Luxembourg – Grand Duke Henri (2000–incumbent)
9 June 2003 Malaysia – King Sirajuddin of Perlis (2001–2006)
16 January 2004
 Malta – President Guido de Marco (1999–2004)
8 April 2004 Latvia – President Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga (1999–2007)
 Estonia – President Arnold Rüütel (2001–2006)
5 April 2005 Bulgaria – President Georgi Parvanov (2002–2012)
11 May 2005
 Malta – President Edward Fenech Adami (2004–2009)
12 December 2005
 Monaco – Prince Albert II (2005–incumbent)
18 January 2006
 Greece – President Karolos Papoulias (2005–2015)
15 March 2006 Germany – President Horst Kohler (2004–2010)
Presidency of Giorgio Napolitano (15 May 2006–14 January 2015): [14]
DateRecipient
11 October 2006
 Ghana – President John Agyekum Kufour (2001–2009)[15]
20 February 2007
 Slovakia – President Ivan Gašparovič (2004–2014)[16]
8 June 2007
 Austria – President Heinz Fischer (2004–2016)[17]
9 October 2007
 Chile – President Michelle Bachelet (2006–2010; 2014–2018)[18]
30 October 2007
 Saudi Arabia – King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz al Saud (2005–2015)[19]
1 September 2008 Finland – President Tarja Halonen (2000–2012)[20]
14 October 2008
 Lebanon – President Michel Suleiman (2008–2014)[21]
27 October 2008
Sovereign Order of Malta – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Matthew Festing (2008–2017)[22]
2 September 2009
 South Korea – President Lee Myung-bak (2008–2013)[23]
30 October 2009
 Turkey – President Abdullah Gül (2007–2014)[24]
11 March 2010
 SyriaPresident Bashar Al-Assad (2000–incumbent)[25]
Revoked by the President of the Republic on 28 September 2012 for "indignity"[26]
25 April 2010
 Malta – President George Abela (2009–2014)[27]
26 April 2010 Kuwait – Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (2006–2020)[28]
11 January 2011 Slovenia – President Danilo Türk (2007–2012)[29]
6 July 2011 Croatia – President Ivo Josipović (2010–2015)[30]
7 September 2011
 Romania – President Traian Băsescu (2004–2014)[31]
10 June 2012 Poland – President Bronisław Komorowski (2010–2015)[32]
15 November 2012
 France – President François Hollande (2012–2017)[33]
20 February 2013 Germany – President Joachim Gauck (2012–2017)[34]
4 March 2014
 Albania – President Bujar Nishani (2012–2017)[35]
5 May 2014 Slovenia – President Borut Pahor (2012–incumbent)[36]
4 June 2014
 San Marino – Captain Regent Luca Beccari (2014)
 San Marino – Captain Regent Valeria Ciavatta (2014)[37] [38]
Presidency of Sergio Mattarella (3 February 2015–incumbent):
DateRecipient
23 November 2015
 Greece – President Prokopis Pavlopoulos (2015–2020)[39]
11 March 2016
 Cameroon – President Paul Biya (1982–incumbent)[40]
30 May 2016
 Romania – President Klaus Iohannis (2014–incumbent)[41]
21 June 2016 Mexico – President Enrique Peña Nieto (2012–2018)[42]
4 August 2016 Bulgaria – President Rosen Plevneliev (2012–2017)[43]
23 January 2017
 Tunisia – President Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–2019)[44]
2 May 2017 Argentina – President Mauricio Macri (2015–2019)[45]
19 June 2017
 Netherlands – King Willem-Alexander (2013–incumbent)[46]
7 September 2017
 Malta – President Marie Louise Coleiro Preca (2014–2019)[47]
18 September 2017 Finland – President Sauli Niinistö (2012–incumbent)[48]
29 November 2017
 Portugal – President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (2016–incumbent)[49]
5 June 2018
 Estonia – President Kersti Kaljulaid (2016–incumbent)[50]
22 June 2018 Lithuania – President Dalia Grybauskaitė (2009–2019)[51]
26 June 2018 Latvia – President Raimonds Vējonis (2015–2019)[52]
12 July 2018 Azerbaijan – President Ilham Aliyev (2003–incumbent)[53]
25 July 2018 Armenia – President Armen Sarkissian (2018–incumbent)[54]
27 June 2019
 Austria – President Alexander Van der Bellen (2017–incumbent)[55]
17 September 2019 Germany – President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (2017–incumbent)[56]
6 October 2020
 Greece – President Katerina Sakellaropoulou (2020–incumbent)[57]
See also
Notes
^ Today, these continue merely as dynastic orders of the former Royal House of Savoy. Whilst their bestowal is suppressed by law in Italy, the continued use of those decorations conferred prior to 1951 is permitted, exclusive of any right of precedence in official ceremonies.[3]
References
  1. ^ Sainty, Guy Stair World Orders of Knighthood and Merit (pp. 1233-4) Buckingham: Burke's Peerage and Gentry, 2006
  2. ^ The linguist: Journal of the Institute of Linguists, Volumes 42-44 Institute of Linguists (Great Britain). Institute of Linguists, 2003, pg. 121
  3. ^ LEGGE 3 marzo 1951, n. 178 Istituzione dell'Ordine "Al Merito della Repubblica Italiana" e disciplina del conferimento e dell'uso delle onorificenze (Gazzetta Ufficiale 30 marzo 1951, n. 73)
  4. ^ By Decree of the President of the Republic No. 173 of 30 March 2001
  5. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  6. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  7. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  8. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  9. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  10. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  11. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  12. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  13. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  14. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  15. ^ Italian Presidency website, KUFUOR John Agyekum Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  16. ^ Italian Presidency website, GASPAROVIC Ivan Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  17. ^ Italian Presidency website, FISCHER Heinz Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  18. ^ Italian Presidency website, BACHELET JERIA Verónica Michelle decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  19. ^ Italian Presidency website, BIN ABDUL AZIZ AL SAUD Abdallah decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  20. ^ Italian Presidency website, HALONEN Tarja Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  21. ^ Italian Presidency website, SLEIMAN Michel Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  22. ^ Italian Presidency website, FESTING Matthew Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  23. ^ Italian Presidency website, LEE Myung-bak Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  24. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Abdullah Gul – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  25. ^ Italian Presidency website, Al-Assad S.E. Bashar Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  26. ^ ATTO CAMERA INTERROGAZIONE A RISPOSTA SCRITTA 4/17085 Banchedati.camera.it (in Italian)
  27. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. George Abela – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  28. ^ Italian Presidency website, AL-AHMAD AL-JABER AL-SABAH Sabah Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  29. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Danilo Türk – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  30. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Ivo Josipovic – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  31. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Traian Basescu – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  32. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Bronislaw Komorowski – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  33. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. François Hollande – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  34. ^ Italian Presidency website, Gauck S.E. Joachim – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  35. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Bujar Nishani – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  36. ^ Italian Presidency website, Pahor S.E. Borut - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  37. ^ Italian Presidency website, Beccari S.E. Luca - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  38. ^ Italian Presidency website, Ciavatta S.E. Valeria - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  39. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it.
  40. ^ Italian Presidency website, Biya S.E. Paul - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  41. ^ Italian Presidency website, Iohannis S.E. Klaus Werner - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  42. ^ Italian Presidency website, Peña Nieto S.E. Enrique - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  43. ^ Italian Presidency website, Plevneliev S.E. Rosen - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  44. ^ Italian Presidency website, Essebsi S.E. Sig. Béji Caïd - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  45. ^ Italian Presidency website, Macri S.E. Mauricio - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  46. ^ Italian Presidency website, S.M. Willem Alexander Claus George van Oranje-Nassau – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  47. ^ Italian Presidency website,Coleiro Preca S.E. Marie-Louise - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  48. ^ Italian Presidency website,Niinistö S.E. Sauli - Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  49. ^ Italian Presidency website,S.E. Marcelo Nuno Duarte – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  50. ^ Italian Presidency website,Kalijulaid S.E. la Signora Kersti Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  51. ^ Italian Presidency website,Grybauskaitè Sig.ra Dalia Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  52. ^ Italian Presidency website,Vejonis S.E. Sig. Raimonds Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  53. ^ Italian Presidency website,Aliyev S.E. Ilham Heydar Oglu Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  54. ^ Italian Presidency website,Sarkissian S.E. Sig. Armen Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  55. ^ Italian Presidency website,[​https://www.quirinale.it/onorificenze/insigniti/358308 Van der Bellen S.E. Sig. Alexander Decorato di Gran Cordone] – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  56. ^ Italian Presidency website,[​https://www.quirinale.it/onorificenze/insigniti/360243 Steinmeier S.E. Frank-Walter Decorato di Gran Cordone] – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana
  57. ^​https://www.quirinale.it/elementi/50586#&gid=1&pid=10/
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
Last edited on 1 May 2021, at 17:13
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit