It is a five-tier order, whose titles are awarded for relevant services to Portugal and for services in the expansion of the Portuguese culture
, its history
and its values (with a particular focus on its maritime history). The number of members in each grade is restricted by its constitution, and titles are conferred by special decree by the Grand Master of the Order, i.e., the President of Portugal
The order includes several classes; in decreasing order of seniority, these are:
- Grand Collar (Grande-Colar – GColIH)
- Grand Cross (Grã-Cruz – GCIH)
- Grand Officer (Grande-Oficial – GOIH)
- Commander (Comendador – ComIH)
- Officer (Oficial – OIH)
- Knight/Dame (Cavaleiro – CvIH / Dama – DmIH)
There is also a Silver Medal (Medalha de Prata – MedPIH) and a Gold Medal (Medalha de Ouro – MedOIH).
The special distinction of Grand Collar can be awarded only to heads of state.
Ribbons and medals are characterized by equal stripes of blue, white and black (either horizontal or vertical) and a ruby-enameled golden cross pattée
. The stars of Grand Officer and Grand Cross bear the inscription "Talant de bien faire".
Membership to the Order is conferred by the President, either on his own initiative, upon the recommendation of his Ministers or following nomination by the Council of the Order.
Last edited on 12 November 2020, at 05:40
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