An organic law
is a law
, or system of laws, that form the foundation of a government
or any other organization's body of rules. A constitution
is a particular form of organic law for a sovereign state.
Under Article 46 of the Constitution of France
, organic laws (in French, lois organiques
; in English sometimes translated as Institutional Acts
) are a short, fixed list of statutes (in 2005, there were about 30 of them) specified in the Constitution. They have constitutional force and so overrule ordinary statutes. They must be properly enacted by the Parliament of France
and must be approved for constitutionality by the Constitutional Council of France
before they can be promulgated
Organic laws allow flexibility if needed. An important category of organic laws includes the budgets of the French state
and French social security
. Other organic laws give the practical procedures for various elections
. Organic laws reduce the need for amendments to the constitution.
Under the current Spanish Constitution of 1978
, an Organic Law has an intermediate status between that of an ordinary law and of the constitution itself. It must be passed by an absolute majority of the Congress of Deputies
. The Spanish Constitution specifies that some areas of law must be regulated by this procedure, such as the laws developing fundamental rights and freedoms recognized in the first section of Chapter Two of Title I of the Constitution, as well as the laws that approve the Statutes of Autonomy
of the autonomous communities of Spain
, among others. Prior to the 1978 constitution, the concept did not exist in Spain, but it is inspired by the similar concept in the 1958 French Constitution.
- ^ "France's Constitution of 1958 with Amendments through 2008" (PDF). The Constitute Project. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
- ^ 2007 U.S. Code Archived 2010-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ U.S. Code
- ^ 2007 Publication of the U.S. Code including the organic laws Archived 2010-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
Last edited on 21 April 2021, at 02:50
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