Map of Otsego County, at its formation
1829 map of Otsego County, New York
In 1789, Ontario County
was split off from Montgomery. The area split off from Montgomery County
was much larger than the present county, as it included the present Allegany
, and part of Schuyler
and Wayne counties
Otsego County was one of three early counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Herkimer
) after the American Revolutionary War. Otsego County was officially established on February 16, 1791, with Cooperstown
as its county seat, although at the time the village of Cherry Valley was much larger. The original county consisted of three large townships
Otsego and Cherry Valley together roughly covered the area of modern Otsego County, while Harpersfield covered the area south of the current county as far as the Delaware River
- Richard R. Smith, county sheriff, from Otsego township,
- Jacob Morris, county clerk, from Otsego township,
- William Cooper, chief judge, from Otsego township,
- Jedediah Peck, associate justice from Otsego township,
- Edward Griswold, associate justice from Cherry Valley
- Platt Townsend, associate justice from Harpersfield,
- Alexander Harper, commander of the county militia, from Harpersfield.
By 1793, four towns had been added to the county by division of the existing towns:
- The Otsego township had been divided into the towns of:
- Harpersfield had been divided into the towns of:
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of 1,016 square miles (2,630 km2
), of which 1,002 square miles (2,600 km2
) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2
) (1.4%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 61,676 people, 23,291 households, and 15,115 families residing in the county. The population density
was 62 people per square mile (24/km2
). There were 28,481 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2
). The racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White
, 1.75% African American
, 0.23% Native American
, 0.63% Asian
, 0.05% Pacific Islander
, 0.50% from other races
, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.90% of the population. 15.0% were of Irish
, 14.9% English
, 14.9% German
, 11.3% Italian
and 9.1% American
ancestry according to Census 2000
. 95.4% spoke English
and 2.1% Spanish
as their first language.
There were 23,291 households, out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples
living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,444, and the median income for a family was $41,110. Males had a median income of $29,988 versus $22,609 for females. The per capita income
for the county was $16,806. About 8.80% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.
Government and politics
Presidential election results
Presidential elections results
Otsego County is generally a swing and bellwether
county, having voted for the winner of the national election in every election from 1980
. In 2004, Otsego County voted 51–48 percent in favor of George W. Bush
. In 2008 and 2012, Otsego County voted in favor of Barack Obama
. Democrats are prevalent in the City of Oneonta and Village of Cooperstown, whereas the majority of voters in many of the surrounding towns are registered Republicans. In 2020 the county voted for 51%-46% Donald Trump, and lost its bellwether status when Biden won the election.
Otsego County is the only county in New York that names its legislative body the Board of Representatives. It consists of fourteen members elected from single-member districts
. The Board Chair is David Bliss (R). The county also has an elected District Attorney, County Treasurer, County Clerk, and County Sheriff.
Along with Herkimer County
and the eastern portion of Oneida County
, northern Otsego County is considered part of the Utica
television market, while the Southern half of the county, including the city of Oneonta, is considered to be in the Binghamton television market.
The primary contributor to the economy is healthcare: Bassett Medical Center, the headquarters of Bassett Healthcare Network and its more than 3,000 employees, is located here.
The City of Oneonta
has two institutions of higher education: Hartwick College
and the State University of New York at Oneonta
; A.O. Fox Memorial Hospital, an affiliate of the Bassett Network; major retail activity; and numerous small businesses. The county as a whole remains relatively rural, with dairy farming a contributing industry that has consolidated employment in recent years, although production has remained steady.
- ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ Beauchamp, William Martin (1907). Aboriginal Place Names of New York (New York State Museum Bulletin, Volume 108). New York State Education Department. p. 174. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 20, 2019.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
- ^ "WKTV.com | WKTV bringing CBS affiliation to Utica". WKTV.com. 2015-10-26. Archived from the original on 2015-10-27. Retrieved 2015-10-27.
- Butterfield, Lyman H. "Cooper's Inheritance: The Otsego Country and its Founders", New York History, Vol. 35, No. 4 (October, 1954), pp. 374–411.
- Sullivan, Dr. James (editor). "Otsego County", The History of New York State, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1927
- French, J. H. "Otsego County", Gazetteer of the State of New York, Syracuse, New York: R. Pearsall Smith, 1860
Last edited on 21 March 2021, at 22:30
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