refers to the period of the history of Iraq
when the region was ruled by the Ottoman Empire
(1534–1704 and 1831–1920).
Before reforms (1534–1704), Iraq
was divided into four Eyalets
Ottoman Iraq was later (1831–1920) divided into the three vilayets
A map showing the administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire in 1317 Hijri (1899 Gregorian), including Ottoman Iraq
During World War I
, an invasion of the region was undertaken by British Empire
forces and was known as the Mesopotamian campaign
. Fighting commenced with the Battle of Basra
in 1914 and continued for the duration of the war. The most notable action was the siege of Kut
, which resulted in the surrender of the British and British Indian Army
garrison of the town in April 1916, after a siege of 147 days. Of the 11,800 Allied soldiers who survived to be made prisoners, 4,250 died of disease or at the hands of their Ottoman guards during captivity.
Contemporary maps, showing eyalets (pre Tanzimat reforms)
Maps of contemporary Ottoman Iraq showing eyalets (pre 1864 Vilayet law)
Contemporary maps, showing vilayets (post Tanzimat reforms)
Maps of contemporary Ottoman Iraq showing vilayets (post Tanzimat reforms)
1855, showing sanjaks
Last edited on 22 April 2021, at 22:30
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