Palestinian Declaration of Independence
The Partition Plan served as the basis for Israel's declaration of independence
, but was not accepted by the Palestinian Arab leadership at the time. Though, in September 1948, the All-Palestine Government
was declared within the Gaza Strip as an Egyptian protectorate and recognized by most members of the Arab League, which is regarded by some as the first attempt to establish an independent Palestinian state; All-Palestine had however been dissolved by Egypt several years later. The 1988 declaration does not explicitly recognize the State of Israel
. However, an accompanying document
that explicitly mentions UN Security Council Resolution 242
, and Yasser Arafat
's statements in Geneva a month later
were accepted by the United States as sufficient to interpret the declaration as recognizing Israel in its pre-1967 boundaries.
The declaration's reference to Palestine being the "land of the three monotheistic faiths" has been held as recognising the Jewish historical connection to the land, instead of arguing that Jews are colonists and foreigners in the land. Referring to "the historical injustice inflicted on the Palestinian Arab people resulting in their dispersion and depriving them of their right to self-determination
," the declaration recalled the Treaty of Lausanne
(1923) and UN General Assembly Resolution 181
as supporting the rights of Palestinians and Palestine. The declaration then proclaims a "State of Palestine on our Palestinian territory with its capital Jerusalem
The borders of the state are not specified. The population of the state was referred to by the statement: "The State of Palestine is the state of Palestinians wherever they may be". The state was defined as an Arab country by the statement: "The State of Palestine is an Arab state, an integral and indivisible part of the Arab nation
The declaration was accompanied by a PNC call for multilateral negotiations on the basis of UN Security Council Resolution 242
. This call was later termed "the Historic Compromise",
as it implied acceptance of the "two-state solution", namely that it no longer questioned the legitimacy of the State of Israel
The PNC's political communiqué accompanying the declaration called only for withdrawal from "Arab Jerusalem
" and the other "Arab territories occupied."Yasser Arafat
's statements in Geneva a month later
were accepted by the United States as sufficient to remove the ambiguities it saw in the declaration and to fulfill the longheld conditions for open dialogue with the United States
As a result of the declaration, the United Nations General Assembly
(UNGA) convened, inviting Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the PLO to give an address. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 43/177
was adopted "acknowledging the proclamation of the State of Palestine by the Palestine National Council on 15 November 1988," and it was further decided that "the designation 'Palestine' should be used in place of the designation 'Palestine Liberation Organization' in the United Nations
system." One hundred and four states voted for this resolution, forty-four abstained, and two – the United States
– voted against.
By mid-December, 75 states had recognised Palestine, rising to 93 states by February 1989.
On 31 December 2014, the United Nations Security Council
voted down a resolution demanding the end of Israeli occupation and Palestinian statehood by 2017. Eight members voted for the Resolution (Russia, China, France, Argentina, Chad, Chile, Jordan, Luxembourg). However the resolution did not get the minimum of nine votes needed to pass the resolution. Australia and the United States voted against the resolution, with the United Kingdom, Lithuania, Nigeria, South Korea and Rwanda abstaining.
has original text related to this article:
The Palestine Basic Law, approved by the PLC in May 2002, states unambiguously "Jerusalem is the Capital of Palestine" (source: 
is the administrative capital where government institutions and foreign representative offices of Australia
, Canada Colombia
, Czech Republic
, the Netherlands
, South Africa
, and Switzerland
are located. Jerusalem's final status awaits future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem", University of Maryland
). The United Nations
and most countries do not accept Israel's claim over the whole of Jerusalem (see Kellerman 1993
, p. 140) and maintain their embassies to Israel in other cities (see the CIA Factbook
- ^ Dan Cohn-Sherbok,The Palestinian State: A Jewish Justification, Impress Books, 2012 p.105.
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- ^ "THE PALESTINE DECLARATION TO THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT: THE STATEHOOD ISSUE" (PDF). Rutgers Law Record. May 6, 2009. Archived from the original(PDF) on July 16, 2011. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
- ^ The Palestine Yearbook of International Law; Kassim, 1997, p. 49.
- ^ UNGA, 29 November 2012; Resolution 67/19. Status of Palestine in the United Nations (doc.nr. A/RES/67/19); Draft-resolution: A/67/L.28 Archived 2012-12-05 at the Wayback Machine d.d. 26 November 2012]
- ^ "Palestine poised for symbolic but historic victory at UN". Zee News. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
- ^ "UNSC rejects resolution on Palestinian state". Al Jazeera. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- ^ "UN Security Council rejects Palestinian resolution". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- ^ "UN security council rejects Palestinian statehood bid". The Guardian. Associated Press. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
Last edited on 15 May 2021, at 19:57
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