This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information
. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2010)
is an independent, democratic
state, which has been a member of the European Union
since 2004. Since 1989 Hungary has been a parliamentary republic. Legislative power is exercised by the unicameral National Assembly
that consists of 199 members. Members of the National Assembly are elected for four years.
Main office holders
Due to the Hungarian Constitution
, based on the post-World War II Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany
, the Prime Minister has a leading role in the executive branch as he selects Cabinet
ministers and has the exclusive right to dismiss them (similarly to the competences of the German federal chancellor). Each cabinet nominee appears before one or more parliamentary committees
in consultative open hearings, survive a vote by the Parliament and must be formally approved by the president.
, 199-member National Assembly
) is the highest organ of state authority and initiates and approves legislation sponsored by the prime minister. Its members are elected for a four-year term. The election threshold
is 5%, but it only applies to the multi-seat constituencies and the compensation seats, not the single-seat constituencies.
Political parties and elections
A fifteen-member Constitutional Court
has power to challenge legislation on grounds of unconstitutionality
. This body was last filled on July 2010. Members are elected for a term of twelve years.
The President of the Supreme Court of Hungary
and the Hungarian civil and penal legal system he leads is fully independent of the Executive Branch.
The Attorney General
or Chief Prosecutor
of Hungary is currently fully independent of the Executive Branch, but his status is actively debated
offices exist in Hungary to protect civil, minority, educational and ecological rights in non-judicial matters. They have held the authority to issue legally binding decisions since late 2003.
The central bank, the Hungarian National Bank
was fully self-governing between 1990–2004, but new legislation gave certain appointment rights to the Executive Branch in November 2004 which is disputed before the Constitutional Court
Hungary is divided in 19 counties
, singular - megye
), 23 urban counties* (megyei jogú városok
, singular - megyei jogú város
), and 1 capital city** (főváros
Involvement in International Organisations
Hungary is a member of the ABEDA
, Australia Group
, CEPI EAPC
(member, as by 1 May 2004), FAO
, Visegrád group
, and the Zangger Committee
Note: with restructuring and reorganization, this information may change even within a governmental period.
Ministers without portfolio
- ^ "Democracy Index 2020". Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
- ^ Website of the Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
Last edited on 8 April 2021, at 11:52
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