is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent
, after Asia
in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2
(11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth
's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.3 billion people as of 2018, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population
. Africa's population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median
age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Despite a wide range of natural resources, Africa is the least wealthy continent per capita, in part due to geographic impediments, legacies of European colonization in Africa
and the Cold War
, undemocratic rule and deleterious policies. Despite this low concentration of wealth, recent economic expansion and the large and young population make Africa an important economic market in the broader global context.
More about Africa...For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Africa topics.
Africa, particularly Eastern Africa
, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans
and the Hominidae clade
), meaning that Africa has a long and complex history
. The earliest hominids
and their ancestors have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis
, Australopithecus africanus
, A. afarensis
, Homo erectus
, H. habilis
and H. ergaster
— the earliest Homo sapiens
(modern human) remains, found in Ethiopia
, South Africa
, and Morocco
, date to circa 200,000, 259,000, and 300,000 years ago respectively, and Homo sapiens
is believed to have originated in Africa around 350,000–260,000 years ago.
Ethiopian forces, assisted by St George (top), win the battle. Painted 1965–75.
List of selected articles
- ...that Iyabo Obasanjo-Bello, a Nigerian Senator from the People's Democratic Party, is the daughter of former President Olusegun Obasanjo?
- ...that the 2007 South Africa miners' strike, which impacted over 240,000 workers, was the first ever industry-wide miners' strike in the history of South Africa?
- ...that Seleh Leha, a town in Tigray Region in northern Ethiopia, was the site of a leprosarium built during the Italian occupation of East Africa and abandoned in 1941?
- ...that Sarir field, an oil field in Cyrenaica operated by the Arabian Gulf Oil Company (AGOCO), is considered to be the largest in Libya, with estimated oil reserves of 12 Gbbl (1.9×109 m3)?
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Shehu Usman dan Fodio
, born Usman ɓi Fudi
, (also referred to as Arabic
: عثمان بن فودي
, Shaikh Usman Ibn Fodio
, (born 15 December 1754) Gobir
– died 20 April 1817, Sokoto
) was a Fulani
scholar, religious teacher, revolutionary, military leader, writer,promoter of Sunni Islam
, and the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate
Shehu Dan Fodio was a descendant of one of the clans (Toronkawa) of urbanized ethnic Fulani people
living in the Hausa Kingdoms
since the early 1400s in what is now northern Nigeria
. He belonged to the Maliki
school of fiqh
(Islamic jurisprudence) and a staunch follower of the Athari Islamic Creed. (Full article...
List of selected biographies
, formally the Republic of Angola
: República de Angola
, pronounced [ʁɛˈpublikɐ dɨ ɐ̃ˈɡɔlɐ]
: Repubilika ya Ngola
), is a country in south-central Africa
to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo
to the north, Zambia
to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean
to the west. The exclave
also borders the Republic of the Congo
to the north. At 481,321 mi² (1,246,700 km²), it is the world's twenty-third largest country.
A former Portuguese
colony, it has considerable natural resources, among which oil
are the most significant. Angola's economy has undergone a period of transformation in recent years, moving from the disarray caused by the Angolan Civil War
to being the fastest growing economy in Africa and one of the fastest in the world. Growth is almost entirely driven by rising oil production which surpassed 1.4 million barrels per day in late-2005 and which is expected to grow to 2 million barrels per day by 2007. (Read more...)
Overview of Constantine
Constantine is regarded as the capital of eastern Algeria and the commercial center of its region, and it has a population of about 450,000 (938,475 with the agglomeration), making it the third largest city in the country after Algiers
. There are several museums and historical sites located around the city. Constantine is often referred to as the "City of Bridges" due to the numerous picturesque bridges connecting the various hills, valleys, and ravines that the city is built on and around. (Full article...
Updated: 4:33, 9 May 2021
The following are images from various Africa-related articles on Wikipedia.
Kongo in 1711
The Kanem and Bornu Empires in 1810
Ruins of Carthage
A terra-cotta head sculpture (1100-1500) of the Yoruba
, showing extraordinary naturalism. This head represents the oni, or king of Ife
The Songhai Empire, c. 1500
South African ethnic groups
Almnara Tower, Mogadishu.
Political map of Southern Africa in 1885
Comparison of Africa in the years 1880 and 1913
Dates of independence of African countries
Almohad Empire, c. 1200
1916 political map of Africa
boys and girls performing a traditional folklore dance
African biface artifact (spear point) dated in Late Stone Age period
Areas controlled by European colonial powers on the African continent in 1914; modern-day borders are shown
"Benin Bronze" (brass)
= 3000 – 1500 BC origin2
= c. 1500 BC first migrations 2.a
= Eastern Bantu, 2.b
= Western Bantu3
= 1000 – 500 BC Urewe
nucleus of Eastern Bantu4
= southward advance9
= 500 BC – 0 Congo nucleus10
= 0 – 1000 CE last phase
sculpture (Louvre, Paris)
The Almohad minaret in Safi
Areas controlled by European powers in 1939. British (red) and Belgian (Orange) colonies fought with the Allies. Italian (green) with the Axis. French colonies (dark blue) fought alongside the Allies until the Fall of France in June 1940. Vichy was in control until the Free French prevailed in late 1942. Portuguese (brown) and Spanish (teal) colonies remained neutral.
Mali Empire at its greatest extent
9th-century bronze staff head in form of a coiled snake, Igbo-Ukwu
Maasai wearing traditional clothes named Matavuvale
while performing Adumu
, a traditional dance
Pre-colonial African states from different time periods
Herero and Nama territories
Reconstruction of the Oikumene
(inhabited world) as described by Herodotus in the 5th century BC.
Northern Africa under Roman rule
Map of Ancient Egypt and nomes
Lunda town and dwelling
, capital of Wadai, in 1918 after the French had taken over
The Ghana Empire
1895 .303 tripod mounted Maxim machine gun
Sudan basket-tray, tabar of weaved natural plant fiber, in different colors
Nok sculpture, terracotta, Louvre
Contemporary political map of Africa (Includes Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa)
The Great Mosque of Kairouan
(also known as the Mosque of Uqba), first built in 670 by the Umayyad general Uqba Ibn Nafi, is the oldest and most prestigious mosque in the Maghreb and North Africa, located in the city of Kairouan
Major states of Middle Africa in 1750
Oyo Empire and surrounding states, c. 1625