Portal:Asia - Wikipedia
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Asia (/
/ (listen)) is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people () constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.
In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. The border of Asia with Europe is a historical and cultural construct, as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. It is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East–West cultural, linguistic, and ethnic differences, some of which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal separating it from Africa; and to the east of the Turkish Straits, the Ural Mountains and Ural River, and to the south of the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian and Black Seas, separating it from Europe.
China and India alternated in being the largest economies in the world from 1 to 1800 CE. China was a major economic power and attracted many to the east, and for many the legendary wealth and prosperity of the ancient culture of India personified Asia, attracting European commerce, exploration and colonialism. The accidental discovery of a trans-Atlantic route from Europe to America by Columbus while in search for a route to India demonstrates this deep fascination. The Silk Road became the main east–west trading route in the Asian hinterlands while the Straits of Malacca stood as a major sea route. Asia has exhibited economic dynamism as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, but overall population growth has since fallen. Asia was the birthplace of most of the world's mainstream religions including Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Jainism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, as well as many other religions. (Full article...)
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Credit: Benh Lieu Song
The Ratchaprasong and Sukhumvit skylines of Bangkok, the capital of and largest city in Thailand, with Lumphini Park in the center, as viewed from the Sathon District. Known in Thai as Krung Thep ("city of angels"), it became the capital in 1768 after the destruction of Ayutthaya by Burmese invaders.
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Utagawa school
Credit: Hiroshige Utagawa
Mandarin Ducks by Japanese woodblock artist Hiroshige Utagawa, accompanied by a poem which reads:
Out in a morning wind,
Have seen a pair of mandarin ducks parting.
Even the best loving couple makes a quarrel.
Hiroshige was a member of the Utagawa school, which was founded by Utagawa Toyoharu, whose primary innovation was his adaptation of linear perspective to Japanese subject matter. His pupil, Toyokuni I, took over after Toyoharu's death and raised the group to become the most famous and powerful woodblock print school for the remainder of the 19th century, so much so that today more than half of all surviving ukiyo-e prints are from it. In addition to Hiroshige, Kunisada, Kuniyoshi and Yoshitoshi were Utagawa students.
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Singapore (/
/ (listen)), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bordering the Straits of Malacca to the west, the Riau Islands (Indonesia) to the south, and the South China Sea to the east. The country's territory is composed of one main island, 63 satellite islands and islets, and one outlying islet, the combined area of which has increased by 25% since the country's independence as a result of extensive land reclamation projects. It has the second greatest population density in the world. The country has almost 5.7 million residents, 61% (3.4 million) of whom are Singaporean citizens. There are four official languages of Singapore: English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil. English is the lingua franca. Multiracialism is enshrined in the constitution, and continues to shape national policies in education, housing, and politics.
Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British Empire. In 1867, the colonies in East Asia were reorganised and Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan in 1942, but returned to British control as a separate crown colony following Japan's surrender in 1945. Singapore gained self-governance in 1959, and in 1963 became part of the new federation of Malaysia, alongside Malaya, North Borneo, and Sarawak. Ideological differences led to Singapore being expelled from the federation two years later, becoming an independent country. (Full article...)
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Sonam Kapoor at the success media meet of 'Neerja' in 2016
Sonam Kapoor Ahuja (pronounced [soːnəm kəˈpuːr ]; néeKapoor; born 9 June 1985) is an Indian actress who works in Hindi films. She has received a National Film Award and a Filmfare Award, and from 2012–2016, she appeared in Forbes India's Celebrity 100 list based on her income and popularity.
Kapoor, the daughter of actor Anil Kapoor, began her career as an assistant director on filmmaker Sanjay Leela Bhansali's 2005 highly acclaimed drama Black. She later made her acting debut in Bhansali's romantic drama Saawariya (2007), a box office flop, and had her first commercial successes with the romantic comedy I Hate Luv Storys (2010) and the ensemble romantic comedy-drama Aisha (2010). However, this was followed by a series of commercial failures and repetitive roles, which garnered her negative reviews. The 2013 box office hit Raanjhanaa marked a turning point in Kapoor's career, garnering her praise and Best Actress nominations at several award ceremonies. Kapoor had her biggest commercial successes with supporting roles in the biopics Bhaag Milkha Bhaag (2013) and Sanju (2018), and a leading role in the romance Prem Ratan Dhan Payo (2015); the latter two rank among the highest-grossing Bollywood films. Her highly acclaimed portrayal of Neerja Bhanot in the 2016 biographical thriller Neerja won her the National Film Award – Special Mention and a Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress, and she followed it with a starring role in the 2018 female buddy film Veere Di Wedding, both of which rank among the highest-grossing female-led Hindi films. (Full article...)
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Slow lorises, such as this Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) were once considered common, but are now recognized as threatened species.
Slow lorises are nocturnal strepsirrhineprimates in the genus Nycticebus that live in the rainforests of South and Southeast Asia. They are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation from deforestation, selective logging, and slash-and-burn agriculture, as well as by collection and hunting for the wildlife trade, including the exotic pet trade, and for use in traditional medicine and as bushmeat. Because of these and other threats, all five species of slow loris are listed as either "Vulnerable" or "Endangered" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Their conservation status was originally listed as "Least Concern" in 2000 because of imprecise population surveys and the frequency in which these primates were found in animal markets. Because of their rapidly declining populations and local extinctions, their status was updated and in 2007 the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) elevated them to Appendix I, which prohibits international commercial trade. Local laws also protect slow lorises from hunting and trade, but enforcement is lacking in most areas.
Traditional beliefs regarding slow lorises have been part of the folklore of Southeast Asia for at least several hundred years. Their remains are buried under houses and roads to bring good luck, and every part of their body is used in traditional medicine to make products ranging from love potions to unproven cures for cancer, leprosy, epilepsy, and sexually transmitted diseases. The primary users of this traditional medicine are urban, middle-aged women who are reluctant to consider alternatives. (Full article...)
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Nagorno-Karabakh WarParthian EmpireCaspian expeditions of the Rus'July 2009 Ürümqi riotsSaxaul sparrowSiege of MalakandBattle of Musa QalaOperation Infinite ReachFranco-Mongol alliancePallas's leaf warbler​Nemegtomaia​Bengali language movementIrrawaddy DolphinClimate of India​Karnataka​Kolkata​Tripura​Darjeeling​Gangtok​Hyderabad​Mysore​Tamil language​Tiruchirappalli​Sind sparrow2003 Sri Lanka cycloneSurrender of Japan​Ukiyo-e​Aikido​Air raids on JapanBattle for Henderson FieldBattle of MidwayBombing of Tokyo (10 March 1945)BonshōBoshin WarHeian Palace​Kitsune​Taiko​Yamato-class battleship​Gyeongju​Typhoon MaemiTyphoon RusaAcra (fortress)Iraq War in Al Anbar GovernorateBalfour DeclarationByzantine navyParthian Empire​Roman–Persian WarsBaganBaháʼí FaithByzantine EmpireMacedonia (ancient kingdom)2002 Bou'in-Zahra earthquakeCyclone GonuMuhammad al-Durrah incidentTemple of EshmunLaw school of Beirut​Palmyra​Quneitra​Cannon​Han DynastyMing DynastyPeking operaSong dynastyTang DynastyJin-Song WarsSino-Roman relations​Dhammayangyi TempleGwoyeu RomatzyhJuly 2009 Ürümqi riotsNathu LaSt. Michael's Cathedral, QingdaoTiananmen Square self-immolation incident​Borobudur​Komodo dragon1740 Batavia massacreJavan rhinocerosSumatran rhinoceros​Toraja​1257 Samalas eruptionSlow lorisDurianKetuanan MelayuManila Light Rail Transit SystemRaid at CabanatuanAngkor WatTaiwanese indigenous peoples​K-pop​Ramayana
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Updated: 12:33, 17 May 2021
In the news
17 May 2021 –
Indonesian digital payment firm Gojek announces a merger with e-commerce site Tokopedia to form GoTo Group. Aiming for a IPO of between US$35 and 40 billion, Gojek claims it is the country's largest business deal. (CNBC)
17 May 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Asia
COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia, Travel restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic
Saudi Arabia eases a international travel ban for those who have been vaccinated against COVID-19. But, foreigners from 20 countries remain banned from entering the country and 13 high-risk countries cannot be travel directly or indirectly for Saudi citizens. (The Independent)
COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan
Taiwan reports a record 335 new cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours, which 333 of them are locally transmitted cases. This subsequently brings the nationwide total of confirmed cases to 2,017. (Taiwan News)
Updated: 12:33, 17 May 2021
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Last edited on 17 February 2021, at 20:18
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