Portal:Egypt - Wikipedia
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Location of Egypt
/ (listen)EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر‎‎, romanizedMiṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestine) and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.
Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage along the Nile Delta back to the 6th–4th millennia BCE. Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which reflects its unique transcontinental location being all Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and North African. Egypt was an early and important centre of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.
Modern Egypt dates back to 1922, when it gained independence from the British Empire as a monarchy. Following the 1952 revolution, Egypt declared itself a republic, and in 1958 it merged with Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which dissolved in 1961. Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967. In 1978, Egypt signed the Camp David Accords, officially withdrawing from the Gaza Strip and recognising Israel. The country continues to face challenges, from political unrest, including the recent 2011 revolution and its aftermath, to terrorism and economic underdevelopment. Egypt's current government, a semi-presidential republic has been described by a number of watchdogs as authoritarian or heading an authoritarian regime, responsible for perpetuating the country's problematic human rights record.
Islam is the official religion of Egypt and Arabic is its official language. With over 100 million inhabitants, Egypt is the most populous country in North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arab world, the third-most populous in Africa (after Nigeria and Ethiopia), and the thirteenth-most populous in the world. The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about 40,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large regions of the Saharadesert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta. (Full article...)
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Map of Mani
The Ottoman–Egyptian invasion of Mani was a campaign during the Greek War of Independence that consisted of three battles. The Maniots fought against a combined Egyptian and Ottoman army under the command of Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt.
On March 17, 1821, the Maniots (residents of the central peninsula on the southern part of the Peloponnese) declared war on the Ottoman Empire, preceding the rest of Greece in joining the revolution by about a week. The various Greek forces won a quick string of victories. However, disputes broke out amongst the leaders and anarchy ensued. The Ottomans seized this chance and called for reinforcements from Egypt. The reinforcements came under the command of Ibrahim Pasha, the son of the leader of Egypt, Muhammad Ali. With the Greeks in disarray, Ibrahim ravaged the Peloponnese and after a four months siege he captured the city of Missolonghi in April. He then went back to the Peloponnese and turned his attention in June to Mani. (Full article...)
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Order of battle at the Battle of the NileAl-Azhar MosqueKingdom of EgyptPtolemaic KingdomGreat Pyramid of GizaKhufuEgyptian temple​Cairo​Alexandria​The Hanging ChurchAl-Nasir Muhammad MosqueMuseum of Islamic Art, CairoThebes, EgyptAn-Nekhel FortressAncient EgyptReign of CleopatraIslamic CairoBattle of the Chinese FarmMuizz StreetBattle of Fort LahtzanitAl-Azhar University​Mediterranean campaign of 1798Fatimid architectureEarly life of Cleopatra​Fustat​Catechetical School of AlexandriaEgypt at the 2012 Summer OlympicsEarly life of CleopatraBattles of Fort BudapestOperation Badr (1973)Timeline of the Egyptian revolution of 2011Library of AlexandriaPapyrus Oxyrhynchus 581July 2015 Sinai clashesNakhla meteoriteMilestones (book)Palmyrene invasion of EgyptPeter Martyr's mission to EgyptEgyptian Air ForcePrehistoric EgyptMamluk Sultanate (Cairo)Post-coup unrest in Egypt (2013–2014)Egyptian revolution of 2011Domestic responses to the Egyptian revolution of 2011Battle of FariskurFirst Battle of El AlameinAncient Egyptian religionSudanese refugees in EgyptWildlife of EgyptFatimid invasion of Egypt (914–915)Fatimid invasion of Egypt (919–921)Murder of Marwa El-SherbiniGiza pyramid complexNileFatimid conquest of Egypt
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The following are images from various Egypt-related articles on Wikipedia.
Did you know...
... that the ancient Egyptian temples of Dakka, Maharraqa, Wadi es-Sebua, Amada, and Derr were all dismantled in the 1960s and rebuilt elsewhere, to avoid the rising waters of Lake Nasser created by the Aswan Dam?
... that Maimonides Synagogue in Cairo is named for the famous Jewish philosopher, rabbi and physicianMaimonides (pictured)?
... that in ancient Egypt, servants of the pharaohs would agree to be sacrificed to provide their care in the afterlife?
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Sharif in 2015
Omar Sharif (Arabic: عمر الشريف‎‎ Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ˈʕomɑɾ eʃʃɪˈɾiːf]; born Michael Yusef Dimitri Chalhoub [miˈʃel dɪˈmitɾi ʃælˈhuːb], 10 April 1932 – 10 July 2015) was an Egyptian film and television actor. He began his career in his native country in the 1950s, but is best known for his appearances in British, American, French, and Italian productions. His films include Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965), and Funny Girl (1968). He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Lawrence of Arabia. He won three Golden Globe Awards and a César Award.
Sharif, who spoke Egyptian Slang , Arabic, English, French and in films Spanish, Greek, and Italian , was often cast, in British and American films, as a foreigner of some sort. He bridled at travel restrictions imposed by the government of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, leading to self-exile in Europe. He was a lifelong horse racing enthusiast, and at one time ranked among the world's top contract bridge players. (Full article...)
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An early Ramesside Period mural painting from Deir el-Medina tomb depicts an Egyptian couple harvesting crops.
The cuisine of ancient Egypt covers a span of over three thousand years, but still retained many consistent traits until well into Greco-Roman times. The staples of both poor and wealthy Egyptians were bread and beer, often accompanied by green-shooted onions, other vegetables, and to a lesser extent meat, game and fish. (Full article...)
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Last edited on 11 March 2021, at 08:10
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