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Portal:Latin America
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Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Romance languages such as Spanish, Portuguese, and to a lesser extent, French are predominantly spoken. Some subnational regions known as French America such as Quebec and parts of the United States where Romance languages are primarily spoken are not usually included due to the countries as a whole being a part of Anglo America (an exception to this is Puerto Rico, which is almost always included within the definition of Latin America despite being a territory of the United States). The term is broader than categories such as Hispanic America, which specifically refers to Spanish-speaking countries and Ibero-America, which specifically refers to both Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries. The term is also more recent in origin. The largest country in Latin America by both area and population is Brazil.
The term "Latin America" was first used in an 1856 conference with the title "Initiative of America. Idea for a Federal Congress of the Republics" (Iniciativa de la América. Idea de un Congreso Federal de las Repúblicas), by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao. The term was further popularised by French Emperor Napoleon III's government in the 1860s as Amérique latine to justify France's military involvement in Mexico and try to include French-speaking territories in the Americas such as French Canada, French Louisiana, or French Guiana, in the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed.
Including French-speaking territories, Latin America would consist of 20 countries and 14 dependent territories that cover an area that stretches from Mexico to Tierra del Fuego and includes much of the Caribbean. It has an area of approximately 19,197,000 km2 (7,412,000 sq mi), almost 13% of the Earth's land surface area. As of March 2, 2020, population of Latin America and the Caribbean was estimated at more than 652 million, and in 2019, Latin America had a combined nominal GDP of US$5,188,250 million and a GDP PPP of 10,284,588 million USD. (Full article...)
See also: Latino, Hispanic, and Ibero-America
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A gas explosion caused by a large gas leak occurred in a residential area of Rosario, the third-largest city in Argentina, on August 6, 2013. A nearby building collapsed, and others were at high risk of structural failure. Twenty-two people died, and sixty were injured. Several organizations helped secure the area, search for survivors and aid people who lost their homes. Shortly after the explosion, the time needed for reconstruction was estimated at six months.
The provincial judiciary launched an investigation into the cause of the explosion. Primary suspects were Litoral Gas (the natural-gas provider for Rosario) and an employee who carried out maintenance work at the building that day. Several public figures sent condolences, and most of the candidates for the 2013 primary elections suspended their political campaigns. (Full article...)
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South American dreadnought raceThe Revolution Will Not Be Televised (film)Cerro Azul (Chile volcano)ARA Moreno​Rongorongo​Andean condorGalápagos tortoiseChagas diseaseSpanish conquest of Petén1910 Cuba hurricaneSpanish conquest of GuatemalaPedro II of BrazilList of international goals scored by Javier Hernández​Sésamo​Latin American BoomVenezuelan crisis of 1902–1903​Venezuelan refugee crisis​Argentine–Chilean naval arms raceVioleta ChamorroNéstor KirchnerCarmen Casco de Lara CastroPedro I of BrazilUruguayan WarEmpire of Brazil1930 FIFA World CupMaya civilizationMaya stelaeOlmec colossal heads​Nahuatl​Cantons of Costa RicaArmero tragedyNevado del RuizThe General in His LabyrinthFauna of Puerto RicoLuis Aparicio AwardEl Hatillo MunicipalityEffects of Hurricane Ivan in the Lesser Antilles and South AmericaNorte Chico civilizationPeru national football teamMario Vargas LlosaList of World Heritage Sites in PeruMayor of PichilemuMay RevolutionJuan Manuel de RosasPisco sour​Calabozos​Chilean battleship Almirante LatorreCerro Azul (Chile volcano)Payún MatrúEvo MoralesPedro II of BrazilPrincess Maria Amélia of BrazilMário de Andrade​Thalassodromeus​Lundomys​2008 Brazilian Grand PrixList of Golden Martín Fierro Award winnersGuianan cock-of-the-rock​Suriname at the 2016 Summer ParalympicsCopa LibertadoresSpanish American wars of independenceJesuit Missions of ChiquitosGuyana at the 2008 Summer OlympicsDemerara rebellion of 1823Dictator novelAugusto Roa BastosVenezuelan crisis of 1895Domingo Faustino Sarmiento​Capybara​Revolt of the Comuneros (Paraguay)Lake Tauca
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... Juan Vucetich, an Argentine chief police officier, created the first method of recording the fingerprints of individuals on file?
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Guatemala (/
ˌɡwɑːtəˈmɑːlə
/ (listen) GWAH-tə-MAH-lə; Spanish: [ɡwateˈmala] (listen)), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 17.2 million, it is the most populous country in Central America and has the 11th largest national population in the Americas. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
The core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica, was historically based in the territory of modern Guatemala. In the 16th century, most of this area was conquered by the Spanish and claimed as part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841. (Full article...)
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Flag of Mexico​Peru​Argentina​Brazil​Chile​Dominican Republic​Nicaragua​Colombia​Mexico​Costa RicaLatin Americans​Honduras​Cuba​Race and ethnicity in Latin America2010 Ecuador crisisVenezuelan protests (2014–present)​Mesoamerica​History of Guatemala2010 Copiapó mining accidentIndictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet2019 Venezuelan presidential crisisMary Wilhelmine WilliamsForeign policy of the Ollanta Humala administration​Guayabera​Responses to the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisisAugusto PinochetPanama Canal ZonePanamaPanama CanalInternational sanctions during the Venezuelan crisisLatin America–United Kingdom relationsDeportation of Germans from Latin America during World War IICanada–Latin America relations​Tegucigalpa​Women in Latin musicCapture of the sloop AnneWhite Latin AmericansDay of the Dead​Suriname​Bolivia​Paraguay
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Credit: Rodrigo Achá
Panorama of La Paz, the capital and second largest city in population (after Santa Cruz de la Sierra) of Bolivia. The city hosts numerous local festivities, and is an important cultural center of Bolivia.
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Cueva de las Manos
Credit: Mariano
Cueva de las Manos (Spanish for Cave of Hands) is a cave or a series of caves located in the province of Santa Cruz, Argentina, 163 km (101 mi) south of the town of Perito Moreno. It is famous for (and gets its name from) the paintings of hands. The art in the cave dates from 13,000 to 9,000 years ago.Several waves of people occupied the cave, and early artwork has been carbon-dated to ca. 9300 BP (about 7300 BC). The age of the paintings was calculated from the remains of bone-made pipes used for spraying the paint on the wall of the cave to create silhouettes of hands. The site was last inhabited around 700 AD, possibly by ancestors of the Tehuelche people. It was entered on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991.
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Territories (in bold), dependencies, and subnational entities of a country not located primarily in Latin America are italicized.
 Antigua and Barbuda
 Argentina
 Aruba
 Bahamas
 Barbados
 Belize
 Bolivia
 Brazil
 Chile
 Colombia
 Costa Rica
 Cuba
 Curaçao
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 Dominican Republic
 French Guiana
 Ecuador
 El Salvador
 Grenada
 Guadeloupe
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 Guyana
 Haiti
 Honduras
 Jamaica
 Martinique
 Mexico
 Montserrat
 Nicaragua
 Panama
 Paraguay
 Peru
 Puerto Rico
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Suriname
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Uruguay
 Venezuela
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Last edited on 5 November 2020, at 02:26
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