The overriding theme of Dewey's works was his profound belief in democracy
, be it in politics, education, or communication and journalism. As Dewey himself stated in 1888, while still at the University of Michigan
, "Democracy and the one, ultimate, ethical ideal
of humanity are to my mind synonymous." Dewey considered two fundamental elements—schools and civil society
—to be major topics needing attention and reconstruction to encourage experimental intelligence and plurality. He asserted that complete democracy was to be obtained not just by extending voting rights but also by ensuring that there exists a fully formed public opinion
, accomplished by communication among citizens, experts and politicians, with the latter being accountable for the policies they adopt. (Full article...