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The Morocco Portal
Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is the westernmost country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and has land borders with Algeria to the east, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara to the south. Morocco also claims the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, and several small Spanish-controlled islands off its coast. Morocco spans an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi), with a population of 37 million. Its predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and Berber. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, and French are also widely spoken. Moroccan culture is a vibrant mix of Berber, Arab, and European cultures, and its capital is Rabat, while largest city is Casablanca.
Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith in the 11th and 12th centuries under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, when it controlled most of the Iberian Peninsula and the Maghreb. Beginning in the 15th century, the Portuguese extended to include parts of Morocco. Nevertheless, the Moroccan dynasties of Marinid and Saadi otherwise resisted foreign domination, and Morocco was the only North African nation to escape occupation of the Ottoman Empire. The Alaouite dynasty, which rules Morocco to this day, seized power in 1631. However, Its strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean eventually attracted the interest of European powers. And in 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. It regained its independence and reunified in 1956, and has been a relatively stable and prosperous nation, with the fifth-largest economy in Africa.
Morocco claims ownership of the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, which it has designated its Southern Provinces. In 1975, after Spain agreed to decolonise the territory and cede its control to Morocco and Mauritania, a guerrilla war broke out between those powers and some of the local inhabitants. In 1979, Mauritania relinquished its claim to the area, but the war continued to rage. In 1991, a ceasefire agreement was reached, but the issue of sovereignty remained unresolved. Today, Morocco occupies two thirds of the territory, and efforts to resolve the dispute have thus far failed to break the political deadlock.
Morocco is a unitary semi-constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The country wields significant influence in both Africa and the Arab world, and is considered a middle power in global affairs. It is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean, and the African Union. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. (Full article...)
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Tan-Tan (Arabic: طانطان‎‎, Berber languages: ⵟⴰⵏⵟⴰⵏ) is a city in Tan-Tan Province in the region of Guelmim-Oued Noun in southwestern Morocco. It is a desert town with a population (2014 census) of 73,209. It is the largest city in the province and second largest city in the region after the capital Guelmim. It is located on the banks of the wadi Oued Ben Jelil, which flows into the Draa River 15 km north of the town. The Draa River at 1,100 km is the longest in Morocco and flows into the Atlantic Ocean soon after the confluence with the wadi. The town also has an airport, Tan Tan Plage Blanche Airport. (Full article...)
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Moroccan cuisineMoroccan wineAbu al-Abbas as-Sabti1960 Agadir earthquakeFreedom of religion in Morocco​Agadir​Settlement PlanMoroccan architectureReligion in MoroccoHistory of MarrakeshFez, MoroccoGenetic studies on MoroccansCabinet of Morocco​Moroccans​Hicham El GuerroujAbderrahim Goumri​Casablanca​Barghawata​Spanish protectorate in Morocco​Tangier​Republic of Salé​Salé​Volubilis​Zaian WarNorthern bald ibisAli AmhaouchJebel Musa (Morocco)Rif WarAl Wahda Dam (Morocco)Battle of Sidi Bou Othman​Franco-Moroccan WarHassan II MosquePort of Casablanca​Hispano-Moroccan War (1859–60)​Ceuta​Cannabis in Morocco​Tafilalt​Chefchaouen​LGBT rights in Morocco​Laayoune​Ismail Ibn SharifEconomy of MoroccoWater supply and sanitation in MoroccoFrench MontanaHalima HachlafPaul Bowles2019 Marrakesh ePrixWomen in MoroccoEquity and Reconciliation CommissionKasbah Mosque (Marrakech)History of TétouanMoha ou SaidDraa River​Tétouan​Mudawana​Battle of Tangier (1437)Chemical weapons in the Rif WarEl JebhaBadr HariCOVID-19 pandemic in Morocco
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Moroccan History
Ancient History:
Capsian culture - Mauretania Tingitana - Kingdom of Nekor
Medieval History:
Idrisid dynasty - Maghrawa dynasty - Almoravid dynasty - Almohad dynasty - Marinid dynasty - Wattasid dynasty - Kingdom of Fez - Saadi dynasty
Modern History:
Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi - Alaouite dynasty - Casablanca Attacks - History of Western Sahara - Ismail of Morocco - Republic of the Rif - Treaty of Fez -
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Logo of Amal Women's Training Center and Moroccan Restaurant
Amal Women's Training Center and Moroccan Restaurant (Arabic: جمعية الامل لفنون الطبخ‎‎; French: Association Amal pour les Arts culinaires en faveur des femmes nécessiteuses) is a non-profit organization in Marrakesh, Morocco, that helps disadvantaged women gain work experience by training them in the preparation of Moroccan food and international food. The center was established in 2012 by Nora Belahcen Fitzgerald. Each year 30–40 women complete four to six months of training, which often leads to them finding employment in a relevant field. (Full article...)
Moroccan cities
List of cities in Morocco
RankCityPopulation
(2014 census)[1][2]
Region
1Casablanca[a]3,359,818Casablanca-Settat
2Fez[b]1,112,072Fès-Meknès
3Tangier[c]947,952Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
4Marrakesh[d]928,850Marrakesh-Safi
5Salé[e]890,403Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
6Meknes[f]632,079Fès-Meknès
7Rabat[g]577,827Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
8Oujda494,252Oriental
9Kenitra431,282Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
10Agadir421,844Souss-Massa
11Tetouan380,787Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
12Temara313,510Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
13Safi308,508Marrakesh-Safi
14Mohammedia208,612Casablanca-Settat
15Khouribga196,196Béni Mellal-Khénifra
16El Jadida194,934Casablanca-Settat
17Beni Mellal192,676Béni Mellal-Khénifra
18Aït Melloul171,847Souss-Massa
19Nador161,726Oriental
20Dar Bouazza151,373Casablanca-Settat
21Taza148,456Fès-Meknès
22Settat142,250Casablanca-Settat
23Berrechid136,634Casablanca-Settat
24Khemisset131,542Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
25Inezgane130,333Souss-Massa
26Ksar El Kebir126,617Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
27Larache125,008Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
28Guelmim118,318Guelmim-Oued Noun
29Khenifra117,510Béni Mellal-Khénifra
30Berkane109,237Oriental
31Taourirt103,398Oriental
32Bouskoura103,026Casablanca-Settat
33Fquih Ben Salah102,019Béni Mellal-Khénifra
34Dcheira El Jihadia100,336Souss-Massa
35Oued Zem95,267Béni Mellal-Khénifra
36El Kelaa Des Sraghna95,224Marrakesh-Safi
37Sidi Slimane92,989Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
38Errachidia92,374Drâa-Tafilalet
39Guercif90,880Oriental
40Oulad Teima89,387Souss-Massa
41Ben Guerir88,626Marrakesh-Safi
42Tifelt86,709Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
43Lqliaa83,235Souss-Massa
44Taroudant80,149Souss-Massa
45Sefrou79,887Fès-Meknès
46Essaouira77,966Marrakesh-Safi
47Fnideq77,436Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
48Sidi Kacem75,672Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
49Tiznit74,699Souss-Massa
50Tan-Tan73,209Guelmim-Es Semara
51Ouarzazate71,067Drâa-Tafilalet
52Souk El Arbaa69,265Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
53Youssoufia67,628Marrakesh-Safi
54Lahraouyine64,821Casablanca-Settat
55Martil64,355Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
56Ain Harrouda62,420Casablanca-Settat
57Suq as-Sabt Awlad an-Nama60,076Béni Mellal-Khénifra
58Skhirat59,775Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
59Ouazzane59,606Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
60Benslimane57,101Casablanca-Settat
61Al Hoceima56,716Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
62Beni Ansar56,582Oriental
63M'diq56,227Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima
64Sidi Bennour55,815Casablanca-Settat
65Midelt55,304Drâa-Tafilalet
66Azrou54,350Fès-Meknès
67Drargua[h]50,946Souss-Massa

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  1. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Casablanca as 3,359,818,[1] which corresponds to the population of Casablanca Prefecture.[2]
  2. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Fez as 1,112,072,[1] which corresponds to the combined population of those parts of Fez Prefecture not within the cercle of Fez Banlieue ("suburbs").[2]
  3. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Tangier as 947,952,[1] which corresponds to the combined population of the four arrondissements of Bni Makada, Charf-Mghogha, Charf-Souani and Tanger-Médina.[2]
  4. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Marrakesh as 928,850,[1] which corresponds to the combined population of the municipality of Méchouar-Kasba and the five arrondissements of Annakhil, Gueliz, Marrakech-Médina, Ménara and Sidi Youssef Ben Ali.[2]
  5. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Salé as 890,403,[1] which corresponds to the combined population of the five arrondissements of Bab Lamrissa, Bettana, Hssaine, Layayda and Tabriquet.[2]
  6. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Meknes as 632,079,[1] which corresponds to the combined population of the municipalities of Meknes, Al Machouar – Stinia, Toulal and Ouislane.[2]
  7. ^ In the 2014 census, the High Commission for Planning gave the legal population of Rabat as 577,827,[1] which corresponds to the population of Rabat Prefecture.[2]
  8. ^ The population figure refers only to the urban centre (HCP geographic code [fr] 09.001.05.09.3) of the rural commune of Drargua.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Note de présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2014" (in French). High Commission for Planning. 20 March 2015. p. 8. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014" (in Arabic and French). High Commission for Planning. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
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