Hereditary or statutory order of succession
or effective succession planning
are orderly ways to resolve questions of succession to positions of power. When such methods are unavailable, such as in failed dictatorships
or civil wars
, a power vacuum arises, which prompts a power struggle
, or (usually) both. A power vacuum can also occur after a constitutional crisis
in which large portions of the government resign or are removed, creating unclear succession.
During the course of the Ming treasure voyages
(1405-1433), the Chinese Ming empire
was the dominant political and military force within the Indian Ocean.
However, in 1433, the Chinese government withdrew their treasure fleet
and thus left a large void within the Indian Ocean.
When in 2003 the United States
led a coalition
to oust Saddam Hussein
in the Iraq War
, the absence of an all-out Iraqi opposition force at war with government forces meant that once the Ba'ath Party
was removed, no local figures were on hand to immediately assume the now-vacant administerial posts. For this reason, Paul Bremer
was appointed by the United States government as the interim head of state to oversee the transition.
In other western-led interventions such as in Kosovo
(1999) and Libya
(2011) where the initial claim of justification in each case was a humanitarian matter, there had been active opposition fighting on the ground to oust the relevant governments (in the case of Kosovo, this meant removal of state forces from the desired territory rather than ousting the government itself). Subsequently, successor entities were immediately effective in Libya and Kosovo.
- ^ "power vacuum Meaning". Cambridge English Dictionary.
- ^ "Mob, murder and the Hamilton connection". thespec.com. 16 November 2018.
- ^ a b Finlay, Robert (1992). "Portuguese and Chinese Maritime Imperialism: Camoes's Lusiads and Luo Maodeng's Voyage of the San Bao Eunuch". Comparative Studies in Society and History. 34 (2): 225–241. doi:10.1017/S0010417500017667. JSTOR 178944.
- ^ Memo to Bremer from Office of General Counsel, CPA dated 22 May 2003, Retrieved February 28, 2014 Archived 13 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Last edited on 9 April 2021, at 13:30
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