Pre-Hilalian Arabic dialects
Pre-Hilalian Arabic dialects are classified in three types:
- Pre-Hilalian Urban Arabic dialects: those of the major historical urban settlements such as Kairouan, Tunis, Constantine, Béjaïa, Algiers, Tlemcen, Taza, Fez, Rabat, Tétouan and Chefchaouen;
- "Village" and Mountain dialects: those of the areas between the four original urban settlements (Kairouan, Constantine, Tlemcen and Fez) and their respective harbors:
- All the Judeo-Arabic languages of the Maghreb.
Two geographical groups of pre-Hilalian dialects are distinguished:
Additionally, the Maltese language
is often classified as pre-Hilalian, since it shares many pre-Hilalian features.
Pre-Hilalian Urban dialects were formerly spoken in other cities such as Tripoli
, where they are extinct, replaced by the more widespread Hilalian dialects. Currently, many (Old) Urban dialects are endangered because of the prevalence of the Hilalian-based new urban koinés
in everyday communication.
- ^ a b c Dominique Caubet, « Questionnaire de dialectologie du Maghreb » Archived 2013-11-12 at the Wayback Machine, in: EDNA vol.5 (2000-2001), pp.73–92
- ^ Kees Versteegh, « The Dialects of Arabic », in: The Arabic Language, Columbia University Press (1997), pp.148–172
- ^ Martine Vanhove, « De quelques traits prehilaliens en maltais », in: Peuplement et arabisation au Maghreb cccidental : dialectologie et histoire, Casa Velazquez - Universidad de Zaragoza (1998), pp.97-108
Last edited on 21 May 2021, at 23:58
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