The president of Iraq
is the head of state
and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution
and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution".
The President is elected by the Council of Representatives by a two-thirds majority,
and is limited
to two four-year terms.
The president is responsible for ratifying treaties and laws passed by the Council of Representatives, issues pardons
on the recommendation of the Prime Minister
, and performs the "duty of the Higher Command of the armed forces for ceremonial and honorary purposes".
Since the mid-2000s, the Presidency is primarily a symbolic office, as the position does not possess significant power within the country according to the October 2005-adopted constitution
The Presidency Council
was an entity that operated under the auspices of the "transitional provisions" of the Constitution. According to the Constitution, the Presidency Council functioned in the role of the president until one successive term after the Constitution was ratified
and a government was seated.
The Presidency Council had the additional power to send legislation back to the Council of Representatives for revision.