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President of Nicaragua
The president of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de Nicaragua), officially known as the president of the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Nicaragua), is the head of state of Nicaragua. The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838, the head of state of Nicaragua was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado), and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director (Supremo Director).
President of the
Republic of Nicaragua
Presidente de la República de Nicaragua

Presidential Seal
Incumbent
Daniel Ortega
since 10 January 2007
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
ResidenceManagua, Nicaragua
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Nicaragua
PrecursorSupreme Director of Nicaragua
Formation30 April 1854
First holderFruto Chamorro
DeputyVice President of Nicaragua
Salary3,193 USD per month[1][2]
WebsitePresident of Nicaragua
The incumbent president, Daniel Ortega, has served as President since 2007.[3]
Heads of the state of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1838)
NamePolitical partyDates in officeNotes
Manuel Antonio de la CerdaConservative22 April 1825 – 22 April 18261st time, from León.
Juan ArgüelloLiberal22 April 1826 – 14 September 18271st time, from León.
Pedro Benito PinedaConservative17 September 1826 – 26 February 1827In rebellion, from Granada.
Manuel Antonio de la CerdaConservative27 February 1827 – 7 November 1828In rebellion, 2nd time.
Pedro OviedoLiberal14 September 1827 – December 1827Provisional, from Chinandega, León and Granada.
Liberal JuntasLiberalDecember 1827 - August 1828From León and Granada.
Juan ArgüelloLiberal5 August 1828 – November 18292nd time, from León.
Juan EspinosaLiberal8 November 1829 – 10 May 1830Acting.
Dionisio de HerreraLiberal10 May 1830 - December, 1833
Benito MoralesConservativeDecember, 1833 - 10 March 1834Acting.
José NúñezConservative10 March 1834 – 23 April 1835
José ZepedaConservative23 April 1835 – 25 January 1837Assassinated.
José NúñezConservative25 January 1837 – 12 January 18382nd time, acting.
Francisco Jiménez RubioConservative12 January 1838 – 13 March 1838Acting.
José NúñezConservative13 March 1838 – 17 November 18383rd time.
Heads of state of independent Nicaragua (1838–present)
Supreme directors (1838–1854)
NamePolitical partyDates in officeNotes
José NúñezConservative17 November 1838 – 23 April 18391st time.
Evaristo RochaConservative23 April – 30 June 1839
Patricio RivasLiberal30 June 1839 – 27 July 18391st time.
Joaquín del CossíoConservative27 July 1839 – 20 October 1839
Hilario UlloaConservative20 October 1839 – 7 November 1839
Tomás ValladaresConservative7 November 1839 – 21 September 1840
Patricio RivasLiberal21 September 1840 – 4 March 18412nd time.
Pablo Buitrago y BenaventeConservative4 March 1841 – 1 April 1843
Juan de Dios OrozcoConservative1 April 1843 - 31 May 1843
Manuel PérezLiberal31 May 1843 - 4 November 1844
Emiliano MadrizLiberal4 November 1844 - 24 January 1845Legitimate in León, defender of the then-state capital against Francisco Malespín.
Silvestre SelvaConservative16 December 1844 - 20 January 1845Provisional, in rebellion. Recognized by Malespin.
Manuel Blas Antonio SáenzConservative20 January – 4 April 1845In dissent since 24 January 1845.
José León SandovalConservative Republican (Conservador republicano)4 April 1845 - 12 March 1847
Miguel Ramón MoralesConservative Republican12 March – 6 April 1847Acting Senator, Acting
José María Guerrero de Arcos y MolinaConservative Republican6 April 1847 - 1 January 1849
Bernardo Toribio Terán PradoConservative1 January – 8 March 1849Acting Senator
José Benito Rosales y SandovalConservative8 March – 1 April 1849Acting Senator
Norberto Ramírez ÁreasConservative1 April 1849 - 1 April 1851
Justo Abaunza y Muñoz de AvilésConservative1 April – 5 May 1851Provisional Government in León. 1st time, Acting Senator.
José Laureano Pineda UgarteLiberal5 May – 4 August 18511st time. Deposed by José Trinidad Muñoz military coup.
Justo Abaunza y Muñoz de AvilésConservative4 August – 11 November 18512nd time. Acting senator under the authority of José Trinidad Muñoz, General in Chief, leader of the military coup.
José Laureano Pineda UgarteLiberal5 August – 11 August 1851In dissent, 2nd time.
José Francisco del MontenegroLiberal5 August – 11 August 1851Government in Granada, died after assuming command.
José de Jesús AlfaroLiberal11 August – 2 November 1851In dissent. Government in Granada, Acting Senator.
Fulgencio de la Vega y SantosConservative11 November 1851 – 1852,Appointed by the Assembly with the support of: Fruto Chamorro Brigadier General, victorious against José Trinidad Muñoz.
José Laureano Pineda UgarteLiberal11 November 1851 – 1 April 1853In rebellion until 2 November 1851. 3rd time.
José Fruto Chamorro PérezConservative1 April 1853 – 30 April 1854Government in Granada.
Francisco Castellón SanabriaLiberal11 June 1854 - 2 September 1855Provisional in rebellion, from León to 1 April 1855.
Nazario ScotusLiberal2 September – 30 October 1855Provisional in rebellion, from León.
Presidents (1854–present)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical party
(at time of election)
ElectionRef.
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Fruto Chamorro
(1804–1855)
30 April 185412 March 1855316 daysConservative[4]
José María Estrada
(1802–1856)
Acting
12 March 185522 October 1855224 daysConservative[4]
Patricio Rivas
(1810–1867)
Provisional
30 October 185524 June 1857224 daysDemocratic1856[4]
William Walker
(1824–1860)
Usurper
12 July 18561 May 1857293 daysDemocratic[4]
Government Junta
Máximo Jerezand Tomás Martínez
24 June 185715 November 1857144 daysNonpartisan[4]
2
Tomás Martínez
(1820–1873)
15 November 18571 March 18679 years, 106 daysConservative[4]
3
Fernando Guzmán Solórzano
(1812–1891)
1 March 18671 March 18714 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
4
José Vicente Cuadra
(1812–1894)
1 March 18711 March 18754 years, 0 daysConservative1871[4]
5
Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
(1818–1890)
1 March 18751 March 18794 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
6
Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
1 March 18791 March 18834 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
7
Adán Cárdenas
(1836–1916)
1 March 18831 March 18874 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
8
Evaristo Carazo
(1821–1889)
1 March 18871 August 18892 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
Nicolás Osorno
(1821–1889)
Acting
1 August 18895 August 18894 daysConservative
Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
Acting
5 August 18891 January 18911 year, 149 daysConservative[4]
9
Ignacio Chaves López
(1821–1889)
1 January 18911 March 189159 daysConservative
10
Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
1 March 189111 July 18932 years, 132 daysConservative[4]
Salvador Machado
(1840–1896)
Acting
11 July 189315 July 18934 daysConservative
Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
Acting
16 July 189325 July 18939 daysConservative[4]
11
José Santos Zelaya
(1853–1919)
25 July 189321 December 190916 years, 149 daysLiberal1902
1906
[4]
José Madriz
(1867–1911)
Acting
21 December 190920 August 1910242 daysLiberal[4]
José Dolores Estrada
(1869–1939)
Acting
20 August 191027 August 19107 daysLiberal
Luis Mena
(1869–1939)
Acting
27 August 191030 August 19103 daysConservative
Juan José Estrada
(1872–1967)
Acting
30 August 19109 May 1911252 daysLiberal[4]
12
Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
9 May 19111 January 19175 years, 237 daysConservative1912
1914
[4]
13
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
1 January 19171 January 19214 years, 0 daysConservative1916[4]
14
Diego Manuel Chamorro
(1861–1923)
1 January 192112 October 1923 †2 years, 284 daysConservative1920[4]
Rosendo Chamorro
(1861–1923)
Acting
12 October 192327 October 192315 daysConservative
15
Bartolomé Martínez
(1873–1936)
27 October 19231 January 19251 year, 66 daysConservative[4]
16
Carlos José Solórzano
(1860–1936)
1 January 192514 March 19261 year, 72 daysConservative1924[4]
(13)
Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
De facto
14 March 192611 November 1926242 daysConservative[4]
Sebastián Uriza
(1861–1926)
Acting
11 November 192614 November 19263 daysConservative
(12)
Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
14 November 19261 January 19292 years, 293 daysConservative1926[4]
17
José María Moncada
(1870–1945)
1 January 19291 January 19334 years, 0 daysLiberal1928[4]
18
Juan Bautista Sacasa
(1874–1946)
1 January 19339 June 19363 years, 160 daysLiberal1932[4]
Carlos Alberto Brenes
(1884–1942)
Acting
9 June 19361 January 1937206 daysPLN[4]
19
Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
1 January 19371 May 194710 years, 120 daysPLN1936[4]
20
Leonardo Argüello Barreto
(1875–1947)
1 May 194726 May 194725 daysPLN
1947 (Feb)
[4]
Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa
(1893–1959)
Acting
26 May 194715 August 194781 daysPLN[4]
21
Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes
(1872–1950)
15 August 19476 May 195025 daysPLN
1947 (Aug)
[4]
Manuel Fernando Zurita
(1893–1959)
Acting
6 May 19507 May 19501 dayPLN
(19)
Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
7 May 195029 September 1956 †6 years, 145 daysPLN1950[4]
22
Luis Somoza Debayle
(1922–1967)
29 September 19561 May 19636 years, 214 daysPLN1957[4]
23
René Schick
(1909–1966)
1 May 19633 August 1966 †3 years, 94 daysPLN1963[4]
Orlando Montenegro Medrano
(1920–1988)
Acting
3 August 19664 August 19661 dayPLN
24
Lorenzo Guerrero
(1900–1981)
4 August 19661 May 1967271 daysPLN[4]
25
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 May 19671 May 19725 years, 0 daysPLN1967[4]
Liberal-Conservative Junta1 May 19721 December 19742 years, 214 daysNonpartisan
(25)
Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 December 197417 July 19794 years, 228 daysPLN1974[4]
Francisco Urcuyo
(1915–2001)
Acting
17 July 197918 July 19791 dayPLN[4]
Junta of National Reconstruction
(Coordinator: Daniel Ortega)
18 July 197910 January 19855 years, 176 daysNonpartisan
26
Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 198525 April 19905 years, 105 daysFSLN1984[4]
27
Violeta Chamorro
(born 1929)
25 April 199010 January 19976 years, 260 daysUNO1990[4]
28
Arnoldo Alemán
(born 1946)
10 January 199710 January 20025 years, 0 daysPLC1996[4]
29
Enrique Bolaños
(born 1928)
10 January 200210 January 20075 years, 0 daysPLC
APRE
2001[4]
(26)
Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 2007Incumbent14 years, 119 daysFSLN2006
2011
2016
Living former presidents
Living as of 9 May 2021
NameTerm of officeDate of birth
Violeta Chamorro1990–199718 October 1929 (age 91)
Arnoldo Alemán1997–200223 January 1946 (age 75)
Enrique Bolaños2002–200713 May 1928 (age 92)
See also
Latest election
Main article: 2016 Nicaraguan general election
CandidatePartyVotes%
Daniel OrtegaSandinista National Liberation Front1,806,65172.44
Maximino RodríguezConstitutionalist Liberal Party374,89815.03
José AlvaradoIndependent Liberal Party112,5624.51
Saturnino CerratoNicaraguan Liberal Alliance107,3924.31
Erick CabezasConservative Party57,4372.30
Carlos CanalesAlliance for the Republic35,0021.40
Invalid/blank votes
Total2,493,942100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE
References
  1. ^ "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post.
  2. ^ "Proponen reducir salario de otros cargos públicos nicaragüenses - LVDS". La Voz del Sandinismo (in Spanish). 26 January 2007.
  3. ^ "Nicaragua's Ortega takes office", BBC News, January 11, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab acad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012.
External links
Presidentes de Nicaragua
Last edited on 26 April 2021, at 19:48
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