The prime minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state
, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament
. Under the newly adopted constitution the prime minister is the country's active executive
authority. Nouri al-Maliki
(formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be prime minister on 21 April 2006.
On 14 August 2014, al-Maliki agreed to step down as prime minister of Iraq
to allow Haider al-Abadi
to take his place.
On 25 October 2018, Adil Abdul-Mahdi
was sworn into office five months after the 2018 elections
until his resignation in 2019.
He was once again appointed, this time as a caretaker prime minister due to political dispute.
Abdul-Mahdi was replaced by Mustafa Al-Kadhimi
, who was approved by the parliament on 7 May 2020.
The Presidency Council
then shall name a prime minister unanimously. According to this, the Presidency Council
must agree on a candidate for the post within two weeks. In the event that it fails to do so, the responsibility of naming the prime minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the Council of Representatives must confirm the nomination by an absolute majority. If the prime minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council shall name another prime minister.