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Qalyubiyya Governorate
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Qalyubia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة القليوبية​Moḥāfaẓah El Qalyubiyya  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [elʔæljoˈbejjæ]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. Located in Lower Egypt. It is situated north of Cairo in the Nile Delta region. Its capital is Benha.
Al-Qalyubiyya Governorate
Governorate

Flag

Qalyubia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30.41°N 31.21°E
Country
 Egypt
SeatBenha (capital)
Government
 • GovernorAlaa Abdul-Halim Mohammed Marzouk[2]
Area[3]
 • Total1,001 km2 (386 sq mi)
Population (January 2018)
 • Total5,703,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.698[4]
medium
Website
www.qaliobia.gov.eg
Benha and several other settlements blend into the neighboring Cairo Governorate; as a result, parts of Qalyubia (particularly Shubra El Kheima) are generally considered to form part of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area (along with Cairo governorate, Giza city and 6 October city).
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1937610,157—    
1947693,908+13.7%
1957758,000+9.2%
19661,212,000+59.9%
19761,674,006+38.1%
19862,514,244+50.2%
19963,302,860+31.4%
20064,237,003+28.3%
20155,105,972+20.5%
1937–2006, 2015 is an estimate[5]
Municipal divisions
The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 5,647,716. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[6][7]
Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
Khankaقسم الخانكهAl-Khānkah76,744Kism (fully urban)
Khankaمركز الخانكةAl-Khānkah574,569Markaz
Khususقسم الخصوصAl-Khuṣūṣ459,586Kism (fully urban)
El Qanater El Khayreyaمركز القناطر الخيريةAl-Qanāṭir al-Khayriyah507,179Markaz
El Ubourقسم العبورAl-'Ubūr130,654Kism (fully urban)
Banhaمركز بنهاBanhā482,959Markaz
Banha 1قسم اول بنهاBanhā 1106,815Kism (fully urban)
Banha 2قسم ثان بنهاBanhā 264,493Kism (fully urban)
Kafr Shukr[8]مركز كفر شكرKafr Shukr188,858Markaz
Qahaقسم قهاQahā47,898Kism (urban and rural parts)
Qalyubقسم قليوبQalyūb146,987Kism (fully urban)
Qalyubمركز قليوبQalyūb561,254Markaz
Shubra El Kheima 1قسم أول شبرا الخيمةShubrā al-Khaymah 1483,762Kism (fully urban)
Shubra El Kheima 2قسم ثان شبرا الخيمةShubrā al-Khaymah 2682,152Kism (fully urban)
Shibin El Qanaterمركز شبين القناطرSibīn al-Qanāṭir540,112Markaz
Tukhمركز طوخṬūkh593,694Markaz
Population
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 44.7%. Out of an estimated 5,105,972 people residing in the governorate, 2,825,045 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 2,280,927 in urban areas.[9]
Cities
The cities in the Qalyubia Governorate are:
Industrial zones
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]
Economy
Qalyubia is known for its agricultural production of crops, fruits and vegetables. The most important of these crops include maize, cotton, wheat, citrus fruits, bananas, oranges and apricots. Qalyubia is also the leading Egyptian governorate in the production of poultry and eggs.[3]
Programs and projects
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS) had several water projects going on in the Qalyubia Governorate.[11]
In a program that began on August 28, 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Qalyubia Governorate.[12]
References
  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ a b "Al-Qalyūbiyyah GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ "Population History (Al Qalyūbīyah)Population, 1966–2006". Statoids. Archived from the original on 2016-10-14. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
  6. ^ "Qalyubia Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  7. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Markaz Kafr Shukr". Google Map.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program"(PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
External links
Last edited on 7 April 2021, at 00:46
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