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Qatar Armed Forces
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The Qatar Armed Forces are the military forces of Qatar. Since 2015, Qatar has implemented mandatory military conscription with an average of 2000 graduates per year.[3] As of 2010, Qatar's defence expenditures added up to a total of $1.913 billion, about 1.5% of the national GDP, according to the SIPRI.[2] Qatar has recently signed defence pacts with the United States in 2002[4] and 2013[5] and with the United Kingdom, as well as with France earlier, in 1994.
Qatar Armed Forces
Founded1971
Service branches
HeadquartersDoha
Leadership
Commander-in-ChiefSheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Minister of State for Defence AffairsDr. Khalid bin Mohammad Al Attiyah
Chief of StaffAir Marshal Ghanem bin Shaheen Al-Ghanem
Manpower
Military age18 years of age
Available for
military service
389,487 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),
210,00 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
Fit for
military service
321,974 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),
140,176 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
96,429 males (2010 est.),
75,162 females (2010 est.)
Active personnel66,550[1]
  • Army 42,500
  • Navy 4,500
  • Air Force 5,000
  • Air Defense 2,650
  • Special Forces 1,900
  • ISF 9,000
Reserve personnel15,000 reserve personnel
Expenditures
BudgetUS$5.907 billion (2010)[2]
Percent of GDP2.5% (2016)
Related articles
HistoryGulf War
Libyan Civil War
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
Syrian Civil War
Soldiers at Military Parade on Qatar National Day on the 18th of December 2018. Photo by Ijas Muhammed Photography
Qatar plays an active role in the collective defense efforts of the Gulf Cooperation Council; the other five members are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, and Oman. Qatar also hosts the largest American military base in the Middle East and in 2017 inaugurated a military attache office in Washington.[6]
SIPRI states that Qatar's plans to transform and significantly enlarge its armed forces have accelerated in 2014, and in 2010-14 Qatar was the 46th largest arms importer in the world. Orders in 2013 for 562 tanks and 75 self-propelled guns from Germany were followed in 2014 by a number of other contracts, including 34 combat helicopters and 3 AEW aircraft from the USA, and 6 tanker aircraft from Spain.[7] As of 2016, Qatar maintains advanced anti air and anti ship capabilities with deliveries of Patriot PAC-3 MSE Batteries,[8] Exocet MM40 Block 3 and Marte ER anti-ship missiles.[9]
History
The armed forces were founded in 1971 after the country gained independence from the United Kingdom.
Qatar took part in the Gulf War of 1991, with a battalion at the Battle of Khafji. It also hosted the 614th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Doha.[10] The Canadian Air Task Group with 26 CF-18s was also based in Doha, Qatar flying combat missions during the Gulf War.
In July 2008, the US Defence Security Cooperation Agency announced Qatar’s official request for logistics support, training, and associated equipment and services. The total value of the support arrangements could be as high as $400 million.
In March 2011, Qatar announced the participation of its Air Force in the enforcement of the Libyan no-fly zone.[11]
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
See also: Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
According to Aljazeera news, in December 2016 Qatar deployed 1,000 ground troops in Yemen to fight in behalf of the ousted president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, Qatar Armed Forces soldiers, backed by 200 armoured vehicles and 30 Apache helicopters, head to Yemen's Marib province.[12]
The Armed Forces of Qatar have suffered 4 killed and 2 wounded during the deployment in Yemen.[13]
Military branches
Qatari Emiri Land Force
Qatar Armed Forces in training.
The Qatar Emiri Land Force is the largest branch of the Qatar Armed Forces. Initially outfitted with British weaponry, Qatar shifted much of its procurement to France during the 1980s in response to French efforts to develop closer relations. The tank battalion was equipped with French-built AMX-30 main battle tanks, before later being replaced by German Leopard 2A7's.[14] Other armored vehicles include French AMX-10P APCs and the French VAB, adopted as the standard wheeled combat vehicle. The artillery unit has a few French 155mm self-propelled howitzers. The principal antitank weapons are French Milan and HOT wire-guided missiles.
Qatar had also illicitly acquired a few Stinger shoulder-fired SAMs, possibly from Afghan rebel groups, at a time when the United States was trying to maintain tight controls on Stingers in the Middle East. When Qatar refused to turn over the missiles, the United States Senate in 1988 imposed a ban on the sale of all weapons to Qatar. The ban was repealed in late 1990 when Qatar satisfactorily accounted for its disposition of the Stingers.
Qatar Armed Forces in National Day celebrations on the Doha Corniche.
Qatari tank battalion fought in the Gulf war in 1991, their AMX-30s took part in the battle of Khafji. Qatari contingent, composed mostly of Pakistani recruits, acquitted itself well during the war.[15]
Qatar signed a contract with the German defence company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) for the delivery of 24 artillery systems PzH 2000 and 62 LEOPARD 2 main battle tanks.[16]
The US DSCA announces that Qatar wants to join its neighbor the UAE, and field 2 medium-range THAAD batteries of its own.
Their request is worth up to $6.5 billion, and includes up to 12 THAAD Launchers, 150 THAAD missiles, 2 THAAD Fire Control and Communications units, 2 AN/TPY-2 THAAD Radars, and 1 Early Warning Radar (EWR). The USA would also sell them the required trucks, generators, electrical power units, trailers, communications equipment, fire unit test & maintenance equipment, system integration and checkout, repair and return, training, and other support.[17]
Major Army Units
[18]
Tanks and Vehicles
bulletproofed by stark motors[citation needed]
Fire Support/Artillery
NameOriginTypeNumberPhotoNotes
Mortars
Mortier 120mm Rayé Tracté Modèle F1[32]
 France
Mortar200
L16 81mm United KingdomMortar30
Artillery
AMX F3 155mm[33]
 France
Self-propelled howitzer22
PzH 2000 155mm GermanySelf-propelled howitzer24
G5 155mm
 South Africa
Towed howitzer12
G5 155mm towed howitzer[34][35]
BM-21 Grad 122mm Soviet UnionMultiple rocket launcherUnknown
Astros II MLRS[citation needed]
 Brazil
Multiple rocket launcher30
127mm SS-30 or 180mm SS-40
HIMARS United StatesMultiple rocket launcher7
In December 2012, Qatar notified the U.S. of a possible Foreign Military Sale of 7 M142 HIMARS systems, as well as 60 M57 MGM-140 ATACMS Block 1A T2K unitary rockets and 30 M31A1 Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS) unitary rockets. The deal would cost an estimated $406 million.[36]
SY-400
 People's Republic of China
Short-range ballistic missileUnknown
Could be (12-18)
With BP-12A SRBM[37]
Air-Defence
NameOriginTypeNumberPhotoNotes
Anti-aircraft missiles
Patriot PAC-3 United StatesSurface-to-air missile11In 2012 Qatar requested 11 Patriot PAC-3 launchers and 246 PATRIOT MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missiles.[40]
Rapier United KingdomSurface-to-air missile18
18 launchers with 250 missiles and 6 Blindfire Radars
Roland
 France
Surface-to-air missile9In 1986 Qatar ordered 3 self-propelled Roland 2 systems on the AMX-30R chassis and 6 shelter-mounted systems with 200 missiles. Deliveries were completed in 1989.[14]
THAAD United StatesSurface-to-air missile12
In 2014 Qatar ordered 12 THAAD Launchers, 150 THAAD missiles, 2 THAAD Fire Control and Communications units, 2 AN/TPY-2 THAAD Radars, and 1 Early Warning Radar (EWR).[41]
NASAMS II[42] United StatesSurface-to-air missile4040 launchers with 10000 missiles (including AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel high-resolution X-band 3D radars, MSP 500 electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) sensor systems and Fire Distribution Centres.)
Blowpipe United KingdomSurface-to-air missile6
6 launchers with 50 missiles
Mistral
 France
Surface-to-air missile24
24 launchers with 500 missiles
Stinger United StatesSurface-to-air missile12
12 launchers with 60 missiles
Small Arms
Qatari Emiri Navy
Main article: Qatari Emiri Navy
The Qatari Emiri Navy (QEN), also called the Qatari Emiri Naval Forces (QENF), is the naval branch of the armed forces of the State of Qatar.
Qatar Emiri Air Force
Main article: Qatar Air Force
The Qatar Emiri Air Force was formed in 1974, three years after achieving independence from Great Britain in 1971. Initially equipped with ex-RAF Hawker Hunters, the air force soon began expansion with six Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jets in 1979. Fourteen Dassault Mirage F1 were delivered between 1980-84. After the Gulf War, Qatar's air force infrastructure was upgraded by France for $200 million, leading to the order of nine single seat Mirage 2000-5DEA multi-role combat aircraft and three two seat Mirage 2000-5DDA combat trainers in August 1994. Deliveries started in December 1997, and involved the buy back of the remaining 11 Mirage F1s by France that were later sold on to Spain.[46] The current commander of the Qatar Emiri Air Force is Brigadier General Mubarak Mohammed Al Kumait Al Khayarin.
British pilots in Oman remain on duty with the air force, and French specialists are employed in a maintenance capacity. Nevertheless, an increasing number of young Qataris have been trained as pilots and technicians.
Its units include:
As of January 1993, all the air force's aircraft were based at Doha International Airport.[47]
Air Force equipment
Qatari Mirage F1
Qatari Dassault Mirage 2000 fighter jet flying over Libya during Military intervention
AircraftOriginTypeVersionsIn serviceNotes
Mirage 2000
 France
Multirole fighterMirage 2000-512Operated by the 7th Air Superiority Squadron, first delivery 1997
Dassault Rafale
 France
Multirole fighterRafale2418 single-seat and 6 dual-seat versions ordered in 2015 (24)[48] and 12 more on order[49]
F-15E United StatesStrike fighterF-15QA0In June 2017, US agreed to sell 36 Boeing F-15QA Strike Eagle aircraft[50]
Eurofighter Typhoon
 European Union
Multirole fighter024 on order, first delivery 2022[51]
Boeing 737 AEW&C United StatesAirborne early warning and controlBoeing 737 AEW/C03 on order[52]
Airbus A330 MRTT
 Spain
Aerial refuelling and transportA330 MRTT02 on order[52]
Dassault Falcon 900
 France
VIP transport2
Airbus 340
 France
VIP transport2
Airbus 320
 France
Transport1
Boeing 747SP United StatesVIP transport2
Boeing C-17 Globemaster III United StatesStrategic air transportC-17A8One aircraft operated by Qatar Amiri Flight. All delivered.[53]
C-130J Super Hercules United StatesTactical air transportC-130J-304All entered service in 2011
PAC Super Mushshak
 Pakistan
Trainer aircraftPAC Super Mushshak8
Piper Cherokee United StatesTraining and liaisonPA-28 Archer10
Pilatus PC-21
  Switzerland
Basic and advanced trainer aircraftPC-2124
Alpha Jet
 France / Germany
Advanced trainer/Light attackAlpha Jet E6Operated by the 6th Close Support Squadron
Boeing AH-64 Apache United StatesAttack helicopterAH-64E024 on order[55]
NHIndustries NH90
 France
Medium transportNH-90016 on order[56]
NHIndustries NH90
 Italy
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and Anti-surface unit warfare (ASuW)NFH-90012 on order[57]
Airbus H125
 France
Utility/Rotary Training115 more on order.
Aérospatiale Gazelle
 France
Utility/Attack helicopterSA 342G (12)/L (2)14Operated by 6th Close Support. To be replaced by Airbus H125.
AgustaWestland AW139
 Italy
18 tactical transport, 3 medivac21
Westland Commando United KingdomTransport/Utility and maritime patrol helicopterCommando 2A, 2C and 3 variants11Commando 2A/2C are operated by 9th Multirole Squadron. Commando 3 are operated by 8th Anti Surface Vessel Squadron. To be replaced by NFH-90 helicopters.
Historical Aircraft
Missiles
Other equipment
See also
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Military of Qatar.
References
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Last edited on 21 June 2021, at 06:33
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