Early life and education
Issawi was born in Anbar
He comes from the Albu Issa tribe.
This tribe is the dominant tribe
in an area of around 80 square kilometers south of the city of Fallujah
, in the western province of Al-Anbar
He trained as an orthopedic
surgeon in Baghdad
, before becoming the head of the Fallujah hospital. He was in that role during the Second Battle of Fallujah
in November 2004 and he reported that 800 local Iraqis had died as a result of the attack.
He accused the United States Army
of blocking a team of eleven Iraqi ministry of health ambulances with 20 doctors from evacuating the dead and injured or helping the injured.
A few months earlier he had accused the US Army of "constantly attacking ambulances
", saying that an ambulance driver had been killed in a September 2004 bombing aimed at the leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq
, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
Following the December 2005 election
and six months of negotiations, a "government of national unity" was agreed between the four main coalitions, under the leadership of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
. Issawi, a member of the Iraqi Islamic Party
which was part of the main Sunni Arab Iraqi Accordance Front
coalition, became minister of state for foreign affairs from 20 May 2006. He withdrew from the government with four other ministers from the Front on 1 August 2007, demanding that the government of Nouri al-Maliki
take stronger action against Shi'ite militias
The Front rejoined the government on 19 July 2008 and Issawi was approved as deputy prime minister.
In December 2011, he started a boycott the cabinet, along with all but four of the other Iraqiyya
ministers. An adviser to the Prime Minister said Issawi had been linked to al Qaeda in Iraq
, although the Americans in 2010 had said that a thorough investigation of these allegations had determined that they were groundless. Issawi called for the resignation of Prime Minister Maliki, following the issuance of an arrest warrant for Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, saying Maliki was trying to "build a dictatorship
Attacks and resignation
On 1 January 2012, Issawi was attacked by an improvised explosive device
whilst driving. The attack wounded two of his security guards and was described as an "attempted assassination".
On 19 December 2012, he reported that nearly 150 of his guards and staff members had been arrested.
He was also attacked on 13 January 2013.
A bomb was detonated near to his convoy. Issawi was not hurt in attack that occurred while his convoy was heading to Fallujah
to meet with tribal leaders.
He resigned from his position in protest against Maliki's policies on 1 March 2013.
- ^ Kenneth Katzman (2009). Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security. Diane Publishing Co. p. 55. ISBN 9781437919448.
- ^ Central Intelligence Agency. CIA. 2010. p. 310.
- ^ a b c A Moderate Official at Risk in a Fracturing Iraq, New York Times, 30 November 2011
- ^ "Iraq approves a new DPM and nine ministers". Wikileaks. 22 July 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- ^ Paramount sheikh of the Albu Issa survives assassination attempt, Long War Journal, 2 September 2009, Retrieved 1 January 2012
- ^ New York Times Rewrites Fallujah History, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, 16 November 2004, Retrieved 20 July 2008
- ^ Wounded in Al-Fallujah to be treated in other cities, Al-Sharqiyah, 21 November 2004, Retrieved 22 July 2008
- ^ U.S. Bombs Al Zarqawi hideout in Iraq, Radio Free Europe, 16 September 2004, Retrieved 22 July 2008
- ^ In Fallujah, donkeys tell a tale, Asia Times, 7 September 2007, Retrieved 20 July 2008
- ^ Sunni Bloc Rejoins Iraqi Government After Year-Long Boycott Archived 25 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, AHN, 20 July 2008, Retrieved 20 July 2008
- ^ Essawi escapes assassination attempt north of Baghda Archived 17 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, National Iraqi News Agency, 1 January 2012
- ^ Gordon, Michael R. (21 December 2012). "Tensions Rise in Baghdad With Raid on Sunni Official". The New York Times.
- ^ a b "Bomb hits convoy of Iraq's Sunni finance minister after demonstrations by his backers". Fox News. AP. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- ^ [Iraqi finance minister resigns in protest against policies of Al-Maliki’s government "Bomb hits convoy of Iraq's Sunni finance minister after demonstrations by his backers"] Check |url= value (help). Trend News Agency. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
Last edited on 21 April 2021, at 15:28
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