Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
is a large American dictionary
, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition
. Edited by Jess Stein, it contained 315,000 entries in 2256 pages, as well as 2400 illustrations. The CD-ROM
version in 1994 also included 120,000 spoken pronunciations.
In the late 1950s, it was decided to publish an expansion of the American College Dictionary
, which had been modestly updated with each reprinting since its publication. Under editors Jess Stein and Laurence Urdang
, they augmented the American College Dictionary
with large numbers of entries in all fields, primarily proper names, and published it in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition
. It was the first dictionary to use computers in its compilation and typesetting
In his preface to the 1966 edition, Stein argued (p. vi) that the Random House Dictionary
steers "a linguistically sound middle course" between the "lexicographer's Scylla and Charybdis
: should the dictionary be an authoritarian guide to 'correct' English or should it be so antiseptically free of comment that it may defeat the user by providing him with no guidance at all?"
In 1982 Random House published The Random House ProofReader, a computer spell checker
based on its dictionary.
An expanded second edition of the printed dictionary, edited by Stuart Berg Flexner
, appeared in 1987, revised in 1993. This edition adopted the Merriam-Webster Collegiate
practice of adding dates for the entry of words into the language. Unlike the Collegiate
, which cited the date of the first known citation, Random House
indicated a range of dates. For example, where the Collegiate
gave 1676, Random House
might offer 1670–80. This second edition was described as permissive by T. R. Reid in the Washington Post
Random House incorporated the name Webster's
into the dictionary's title after an appeals court overturned an injunction awarded to Merriam Webster
restricting the name's use.
The name Random House Webster's
is now used on many Random House publications.
In 2001, Random House published its Webster's Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, based on the Second Edition of the Random House Dictionary of the English Language.
Versions of the dictionary have been published under other names, including Webster's New Universal Dictionary (which was previously the name of an entirely different dictionary), Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary, and Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language.
's online dictionary bases its proprietary content on the Random House
- ^ PC Magazine (Jan 25, 1994) (25 January 1994). $79 Random House Dictionary: Look It Up Under Bargain. p. 56.
- ^ Barbara Ripp Safford and Margaret Irby Nichols, eds. Guide to reference materials for school library media centers (1998), p. 217
- ^ Kurt Vonnegut, Welcome to the monkey house: a collection of short works (1998), pp. 118–23
- ^ Ronald A. Wells (1973). Dictionaries and the Authoritarian Tradition: A Study in English Usage and Lexicography. Walter de Gruyter. p. 113. ISBN 9783111881348.
- ^ Advertisement (November 1982). "The Spelling Bee Is Over". PC Magazine. p. 165. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- ^ Reid, T. R. (November 8, 1987). "BRAVE NEW WORDS A DICTIONARY FOR TODAY". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- ^ Merriam-Webster, Inc. v. Random House, Inc., 35 F.3d 65 (2d Cir. 1994).
Last edited on 8 April 2021, at 15:36
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