In the political scene of an individual country, rapprochement means the bringing together of diverse political factions as, for example, during metapolitefsi
Relations between the United States and the United Kingdom warmed significantly in the period leading up to World War I
. After multiple border and influence disputes in the 19th century, particularly that of the Anglo-American border dispute in Venezuela
, interests in the western hemisphere aligned. Public opinion in the United Kingdom supported the United States in the Spanish–American War
, though previously they were skeptical of American domination of the Caribbean.
Rather than intervene, the British government remained neutral. Likewise, the government of the United States refused to aid the Boers in the Boer War
, and instead sold limited amounts of war materials to the United Kingdom.
The roots of this rapprochement were both not only strategic, but cultural; many notable political figures including President Theodore Roosevelt
supported the United Kingdom on the basis of supporting Anglo-Saxon culture.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of diplomatic agreements between the United Kingdom and France in 1904 that saw the warming of relations and simplification of overseas borders.
In particular, the original cause for the negotiations was the disputed north African colonies of both colonial powers.
Diplomats agreed to colonial concessions in order to prevent colonial conflict between the two; it would eventually grow to be a military alliance acting as a counterweight to the Triple Alliance
that would see conflict in World War I. Rather than a formal agreement to military aid, the Entente Cordiale grew with the various diplomatic crises leading up to World War I. The effects of rapprochement could be seen with Franco-British unity in the Moroccan Crisis
against the German Empire.
The period known as détente
, or "relaxation", between the United States and the Soviet Union during the 1970s was a time of rapprochement. Treaties limiting the scope and number of strategic weapons, including SALT I
, were signed. This was partially in response to construction of missile defense systems, which would allow a nation to launch a first strike
and shoot down retaliation.
As such, agreements were signed to reduce the feasibility of a first strike, and further agreements sought to reduce strategic weapons systems, rather than cap them.
This led to more cordial relations between the two superpowers.
Methods and causes
Rapprochement often begins with a joint policy, treaty or statement, such as with the SALT I treaty or the Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations. Often, the rapprochement occurs specifically in an attempt to counter another power, like with Chinese-American rapprochement targeted towards the Soviet Union.
Likewise, France and the United Kingdom sought to counter the German Empire.
- ^ "rapprochement - definition of rapprochement in English from the Oxford dictionary". oxforddictionaries.com.
- ^ a b c d Andrew, Christopher M. (1968). Théophile Delcassé and the making of the Entente Cordiale. OCLC 641439750.
- ^ a b c Will Kaufman; Heidi Slettedahl Macpherson (eds.). Britain and the Americas : culture, politics, and history : a multidisciplinary encyclopedia. pp. 48–49. ISBN 9781849723817. OCLC 299474335.
- ^ Johnson, Douglas (2004). Cross-Channel currents 100 hundred years of the Entente Cordiale. Routledge. ISBN 9780203624586. OCLC 1086417487.
- ^ "People's Republic of China-United States: Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". International Legal Materials. 18 (1): 272–275. January 1979. doi:10.1017/s0020782900043886. ISSN 0020-7829.
- ^ a b "Milestones: 1969–1976 - Office of the Historian". history.state.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
- ^ Lüthi, Lorenz M. (2010). The Sino-Soviet Split : Cold War in the Communist World. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-1282964754. OCLC 824163308.
Last edited on 31 March 2021, at 00:47
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