Real assets - Wikipedia
Real assets
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Real Assets is an investment asset class that covers investments in physical assets such as real estate, energy, and infrastructure. Real assets have an inherent physical worth.[1] Real assets differ from financial assets in that financial assets get their value from a contractual right and are typically intangible.
Real assets are categorized into three categories:
Real asset appealing to investors for four reasons: high current income, inflation protection / equity appreciation, low correlation to equity markets, and favorable tax treatment.[2][3][4]
Background
Investing in real assets has existed in since the advent of property ownership. However, public invested only began in 1965, when the first publicly traded REIT (Continental Mortgage Investors) became listed on the NYSE.[5] This REIT structure has become the dominant legal structure to invest in real estate. The first publicly traded MLP occurred 16 years later, when Apache Petroleum Company listed. The MLP structure has become popular for energy and infrastructure. Combined, these two legal structures been critical to the expansion of real assets as a viable asset class because they are pass-through tax structures, unlike a traditional publicly traded C-corp. However, the trade-off is that at least 90% of the income must be distributed to investors (which is attractive for investors but means that the company has limited ability to retain earnings for growth). That being said, there are some real asset companies structured as C-corps. Moreover, after the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, some MLPs and REITs are revisiting their structure.
Today, real assets are a massive publicly traded asset class.
Additionally, there are multiple much smaller sectors that fall in real assets
Public Equity Investing in ETFs
Historically investors have gained exposure to this asset via investing in companies or specific strategy (such as REIT or MLP fund). However, in the past few years, several public funds have been started focused on the overall real asset market. The benefit to the individual investor for investing into a single real asset fund to get exposure into the asset class is immediate diversification at a low cost. The two major ETFs in the real asset space are:
For investors interested in comparing these two ETFs, Indxx did a write-up in October 2019 (​https://www.indxx.com/assets/media/press/Real_Asset_ETF_Bake_Off.pdf​).
On the mutual fund side, real asset funds include Nuveen Real Asset Income Fund, T Rowe Price Real Assets Fund, and DWS REEF Real Assets Fund.
In additional several of the largest investment firms have launched private real asset investment strategies for institutional investors. This includes Carlyle, KKR, and Oaktree.
References
  1. ^ Some investment professionals have argued that intellectual property (such as royalties and patents) and insurance (life and annuities) should be included as real assets.
  2. ^ For example, in the United States, REITs are treated as pass-through vehicles and not taxed at corporate level. In the case of exploration & development for oil and gas, there is accelerated depreciation.
  3. ^ "Real estate investment trust", Wikipedia, 2019-09-24, retrieved 2019-10-08
  4. ^ Cussen, Mark P. "Oil: A big investment with big tax breaks". Investopedia. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  5. ^ "REIT Industry Timeline".
  6. ^ "MLP Asset Class Overview".
  7. ^ "Renewable Energy Market Cap 2009-2019".
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "RLY: SPDR SSGA Multi-Asset Real Return ETF, Asset Allocation | SSGA SPDRS". us.spdrs.com. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
Last edited on 14 May 2021, at 02:02
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