It originated from the days of naval sailing squadrons and can trace its origins to the Royal Navy
. Each naval squadron would be assigned an admiral as its head, who would command from the centre vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The admiral would in turn be assisted by a vice admiral, who commanded the lead ships which would bear the brunt of a naval battle. In the rear of the naval squadron, a third admiral would command the remaining ships and, as this section of the squadron was considered to be in the least danger, the admiral in command of the rear would typically be the most junior of the squadron admirals. This has survived into the modern age, with the rank of rear admiral the most-junior of the admiralty ranks of many navies.
Since the mid-1990s, the insignia of a Royal Australian Navy rear admiral is the Crown of St. Edward
above a crossed sword and baton, above two silver stars, above the word "Australia". Like the Royal Navy
version, the sword is a traditional naval cutlass
. The stars have eight points, unlike the four pointed Order of the Bath
stars used by the army (which are often referred to as "pips"). Prior to 1995, the RAN shoulder board was identical to the Royal Navy
shoulder board. The Royal Navy shoulder board changed again in 2001 and the Australian and UK shoulder boards are now identical except for the word "Australia".
The Rear Admiral (Upper Half) is a two-star flag officer. Rear Admiral is the highest rank in the BCG and is designated a two-star flag on their insignia. Belize Coast Guard
ranks insignias are similar to those with the U.S Coast Guard
with few changes made.
The rank insignia for a rear-admiral is two silver maple leaves beneath a silver crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by St Edward's Crown
, worn on gold shoulder boards on the white short-sleeved shirt or the tropical white tunic. The service dress features a wide strip of gold braid around the cuff and, since June 2010,
above it a narrower strip of gold braid embellished with the executive curl. On the visor of the service cap are two rows of gold oak leaves.
The Guyana Defence Force
Coast Guard is the naval component of the Military of Guyana. As such, the ranks of the Coast Guard are naval ranks similar to the practice in the respective Coast Guards of Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. The rank of rear admiral was first awarded to chief of staff commodore Gary Best on August 19, 2013.
The rank insignia consists of two silver pips with green highlights, beneath a crossed sword and baton (also silver colored), all surmounted by the gold-colored Cacique's crown with red, and green highlights.
GDF Coast Guard rear admiral shoulder board
The Indian Navy
also maintains a rear admiral rank senior to commodore and captain ranks and junior to vice admiral (and admiral) ranks.
The rank insignia for a rear admiral is two stars beneath crossed sword and baton, all surmounted by Emblem of India
, worn on shoulder boards.
Before Islamic Revolution (1979)
The Iranian Imperial Navy (IIN).
After Islamic Revolution (1979)
A rear admiral in the Pakistani Navy is a senior and two-star rank naval officer, appointed in higher naval commands. Like most Commonwealth
navies, the rear admiral rank is superior to commodore and captain. However, the rank is junior to the three-star rank vice-admiral and four-star rank admiral, who is generally a Chief of Naval Staff
of the Navy.
Rear Admiral Shoulder board
The rank of Rear Admiral is normally held by the Commander of the Namibian Navy
The rank insignia of a schout-bij-nacht
The rank of schout-bij-nacht
originated between the 15th and 16th century. Interpreted as "watch-at-night", the schout-bij-nacht
was the officer who supervised the ship when the captain
In later times the schout-bij-nacht
was also the officer who supervised an entire naval squadron, in the absence of a senior admiral
, and by the 17th century schout-bij-nacht
was the common rank held by the naval commander of a battle fleet's rear squadron.
The Republic of Singapore Navy
uses two ranks with the title of rear admiral: rear-admiral (one-star), a one-star rank; and rear-admiral (two-star), a two-star rank. Usually held by the Chief of Navy or Fleet Commander, the rank is reserved for the highest-ranking flag officer of the navy.
In the United States since 1984, there have been two ranks with the title of rear admiral: rear admiral (lower half) (RDML), a one-star rank; and rear admiral (RADM), a two-star rank. Prior to that, a combination of ranks was used.
The stars and shoulder boards of a US Navy two-star, rear admiral
The stars and shoulder boards of a US Coast Guard two-star, rear admiral
The star and shoulder boards of a US Public Health Service two-star, rear admiral
The stars, shoulder boards, and sleeve stripes of a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration two-star, rear admiral
, the equivalent to rear admiral is the Chuẩn Đô đốc
or Đề Đốc
which is a 1-star rank. It is below the vice admiral (2 star) and above senior captain (of the Navy).
References and notes
- ^ "Uniform Ranks". Royal Australian Navy. Australian Government. Archived from the original on 24 January 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- ^ "First female Admiral for the Royal Australian Navy". Defence News. Department of Defence, Australian Government. 6 December 2011.
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2010. The Maple Leaf/La Feuille d'érable – no. 13 vol.18
- ^ Schout in isolation: [ˈsxʌu̯t].
- ^ "Rear Admiral Jack Steer Appointed Chief of Navy". Royal New Zealand Navy. Royal New Zealand Navy. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
Last edited on 30 April 2021, at 19:14
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.