Richard H. Solomon
Richard Harvey Solomon (June 19, 1937 – March 13, 2017)[1] was an American diplomat and academic who served as Director of Policy Planning from 1986 to 1989, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs from 1989 to 1992, and U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines from 1992 to 1993. In September 1993, he became president of the United States Institute of Peace, a position he held until September 2012. He subsequently joined the RAND Corporation as a Senior Fellow.
Richard Solomon
United States Ambassador to the Philippines
In office
September 4, 1992 – March 1, 1993
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
Preceded byFrank G. Wisner
Succeeded byJohn Negroponte
Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
In office
June 23, 1989 – July 10, 1992
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
Preceded byRichard Armitage
Succeeded byWilliam Clark, Jr.
Director of Policy Planning
In office
March 3, 1986 – January 21, 1989
PresidentRonald Reagan
Preceded byPeter Rodman
Succeeded byDennis B. Ross
Personal details
BornRichard Harvey Solomon
June 19, 1937
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedMarch 13, 2017 (aged 79)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Alma materMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MS, PhD)
Early life and education
Richard H. Solomon was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on June 28, 1937. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1960, and a PhD in political science with a specialization in Chinese politics in 1966.[2][3][4]
In 1966, Solomon became a professor of political science at the University of Michigan. He left in 1971 to become a staff member of the United States National Security Council, responsible for Asian Affairs. In this position, he worked with then-National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger on the normalization of relations with China.
In 1976, he joined the Rand Corporation in Santa Monica, California as head of the political science department, a position he held until 1986. Solomon then joined the United States Department of State in 1986 as Director of Policy Planning, serving until 1989.
On March 24, 1989, President of the United States George H. W. Bush nominated Solomon as Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs serving from June 23, 1989 until July 10, 1992. As Assistant Secretary, Solomon helped negotiate the 1991 Paris Peace Agreements, by which the Vietnam-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea agreed to turn over control of Cambodia to the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia, an international peacekeeping force (with Cambodia gaining independence in 1995). Solomon also facilitated nuclear proliferation discussions between North Korea and South Korea. He played a role in the formation of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation initiative. He also participated in bilateral negotiations with Vietnam, Mongolia, and Japan.
President George H. W. Bush nominated Solomon as United States Ambassador to the Philippines. He was confirmed and served in that role from September 4, 1992 until March 1, 1993.
Solomon left government service in 1993, becoming president of the United States Institute of Peace. He served in that role until September 2012. In October of that year he returned to the RAND Corporation as a senior fellow.
Solomon published eight books, including "Mao's Revolution and the Chinese Political Culture" (1971, 1999), "A Revolution is Not a Dinner Party" (1975), "The China Factor" (1981), "Chinese Negotiating Behavior" (1985 and 2000), "Exiting Indochina" (2000), "American Negotiating Behavior" (2007), and "Peace Building" (2012). He served as a member of Partnership for a Secure America's bipartisan advisory board until his death in 2017. The Partnership is a non-profit organization dedicated to rebuilding the bipartisan center in American foreign policy and national security.
Solomon received the honorary Doctor of Humane Letters (L.H.D.) from Whittier College in 2012.[5]
Solomon died on March 13, 2017, at his home in Bethesda, Maryland from brain cancer at the age of 79.[6]
  1. ^ Library of Congress Name Authority File: Solomon, Richard H., 1937–
  2. ^ 'Richard Solomon, Kissinger aide involved in "Ping Pong diplomacy" with China, dies at 79,' The Wall Street Journal, Adam Bernstein, March 14, 2017
  3. ^ "Washington Post: Breaking News, World, US, DC News & Analysis". Washington Post. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  4. ^ Cullison, Alan (2017-03-14). "Richard Solomon, Former Diplomat Who Helped Nixon Open Relations With China, Dies". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
  5. ^ "Honorary Degrees | Whittier College". www.whittier.edu. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  6. ^ "Richard H. Solomon, Political Scientist and Former Diplomat, Dies at 79". politicalsciencenow.com. 2017-03-16. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
External links
Government offices
Preceded by
Gaston J. Sigur, Jr.
Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
June 23, 1989 – July 10, 1992
Succeeded by
William Clark, Jr.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Frank G. Wisner
United States Ambassador to the Philippines
September 4, 1992 – March 1, 1993
Succeeded by
John Negroponte
Last edited on 25 November 2020, at 16:29
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