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Richard Timberlake
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Richard Henry Timberlake Jr. (June 24, 1922 – May 22, 2020) was an American economist who was Professor of Economics at the University of Georgia for much of his career. He became a leading advocate of free banking, the belief that money should be issued by private companies, not by a government monopoly. He wrote about the Legal Tender Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court in his book Constitutional Money: A Review of the Supreme Court's Monetary Decisions.
Richard Timberlake
BornRichard Henry Timberlake, Jr.[1]
June 24, 1922
Steubenville, Ohio, U.S.
DiedMay 22, 2020 (aged 97)
Georgia, U.S.
NationalityUnited States
InstitutionUniversity of Georgia (1964–1990)
FieldEconomics
School or
tradition
Free Banking
Alma materUniversity of Chicago (Ph.D.), 1957
InfluencesFriedrich Hayek, Milton Friedman, Earl J. Hamilton
ContributionsReal bills doctrine as the origin of the Great Depression, free banking
History
Born in Steubenville, Ohio on June 24, 1922,[2] Timberlake was in the US military in World War II. He became a pilot in the U.S. Air Forces and flew 26 missions as a co-pilot in the 8th Air Force.[3] He was awarded three Purple Hearts. He obtained a Bachelor of Arts at Kenyon College in 1946, a Master's at Columbia University in 1950, and a Ph.D in 1959 from the University of Chicago where he studied under Milton Friedman and Earl J. Hamilton.[4]
He then taught economics at Muhlenberg College, Norwich University, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Florida State University, and the University of Georgia from 1963–1990, when he retired. Timberlake's research was on the history of money, central banking, and monetary policy.[5] He died in Georgia on May 22, 2020.[6]
Ideas
Timberlake's research on the development of private moneys occurred at the time of Friedrich Hayek's idea of The Denationalization of Money, extending and expanding upon it in coordination with the free banking movement. He believed that, instead of a government-imposed central bank, there should be a free market in the production of money, with banks choosing how to issue their own, competing currencies.
Timberlake also examined the causes of the Great Depression, and emphasized the switch of the Federal Reserve, starting in 1929, to the real bills doctrine of money management, and an anti-speculation policy that severely reduced bank reserves and the amount of deposit money that the banks could create. The money supply contracted by 30% in four years, something that no market economy could tolerate. Along with Hayek of the Austrian school, Milton Friedman of the Chicago school, and even the Keynesians, Timberlake saw this Fed policy as the primary cause of the Great Depression.[7]
However, Timberlake did not reject the gold standard. While many economists blamed the gold standard for the monetary collapse, Timberlake cited data that refutes the validity of their complaints. He showed that the Fed Banks and U.S. Treasury had plenty of gold in the 1929–1933 period. Timberlake concluded that government interference with gold standard adjustments caused most of the trouble in the past, producing cycles of money growth and deflation, panic and depression.[8][9]
Timberlake's papers are housed at the Hoover Institution Library & Archives at Stanford University.
Politics
Timberlake was active in politics as a member of the Libertarian Party.[10] He was involved in the Harry Browne presidential campaign, writing and signing open letters advocating various positions, such as school choice and rejection of policies that would have raised taxes. In the past he was a vocal and outspoken critic of the science behind anthropogenic climate change, writing a number of op-ed pieces for the Athens Banner Herald. He was an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute.[11]
Works
Articles in:
See also
'Gold standard' theory of the Great Depression
References
  1. ^ "Directory of Members". 1969.
  2. ^ "Richard H. Timberlake" – Biography at Econjwatch.org
  3. ^ "Richard Timberlake in front of his barracks in October of 1943.JPG". Rockdale Citizen & Newton Citizen. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Interview--Richard Timberlake" (PDF). Richmond Fed. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  5. ^ Richard H. Timberlake Jr. at Cato.org
  6. ^ Richard H. Timberlake
  7. ^ Gold Standards and the Real Bills Doctrine in U.S. Monetary Policy by Richard H. Timberlake in Econ Journal Watch
  8. ^ Timberlake, Jr., Richard H. (2007). "Gold Standards and the Real Bills Doctrine in U.S Monetary Policy" (PDF). The Independent: 325–354. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  9. ^ The Independent Review, v. XI, n. 3, Winter 2007, ISSN 1086-1653, Copyright © 2007, pp. 325–354
  10. ^ "What Should The Federal Government Do About The Economy? -- An Economist's Perspective". Libertarian Party of Georgia. March 20, 2009.
  11. ^ Dorn, James (22 June 2012). "Cato Adjunct Scholar Richard Timberlake Turns 90". Cato Institute. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  12. ^ Nichol, John; Rennell, Tony (1 April 2007). Tail-End Charlies: The Last Battles of the Bomber War, 1944-45. Macmillan. ISBN 9781429907361. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  13. ^ Timberlake, Richard H. (2013). Constitutional money : a review of the Supreme Court's monetary decisions (Hard cover first ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-107-03254-5.
  14. ^ "Policy Report: Landmark Breakthrough on the Great Depression". Cato Institute. 3 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
Further reading
External links
Last edited on 18 March 2021, at 21:34
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