While still an undergraduate at Vanderbilt University, Warren became associated with the group of poets there known as the Fugitives
, and somewhat later, during the early 1930s, Warren and some of the same writers formed a group known as the Southern Agrarians
. He contributed "The Briar Patch" to the Agrarian
manifesto I'll Take My Stand
along with 11 other Southern writers and poets (including fellow Vanderbilt poet/critics John Crowe Ransom
, Allen Tate
, and Donald Davidson
). In "The Briar Patch" the young Warren defends racial segregation, in line with the political leanings of the Agrarian group, although Davidson deemed Warren's stances in the essay so progressive that he argued for excluding it from the collection.
However, Warren recanted these views in an article on the civil rights movement
, "Divided South Searches Its Soul", which appeared in the July 9, 1956 issue of Life
magazine. A month later, Warren published an expanded version of the article as a small book titled Segregation: The Inner Conflict in the South
He subsequently adopted a high profile as a supporter of racial integration
. In 1965, he published Who Speaks for the Negro?
, a collection of interviews with black civil rights leaders including Malcolm X
and Martin Luther King Jr.
, thus further distinguishing his political leanings from the more conservative philosophies associated with fellow Agrarians such as Tate, Cleanth Brooks
, and particularly Davidson. Warren's interviews with civil rights leaders are at the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History
at the University of Kentucky.
His first marriage was to Emma Brescia. His second marriage was in 1952 to Eleanor Clark
, with whom he had two children, Rosanna Phelps Warren
(born 1953) and Gabriel Penn Warren (born 1955). During his tenure at Louisiana State University he resided at Twin Oaks (otherwise known as the Robert Penn Warren House
) in Prairieville, Louisiana.
He lived the latter part of his life in Fairfield, Connecticut
, and Stratton, Vermont
, where he died of complications from prostate cancer. He is buried at Stratton, Vermont, and, at his request, a memorial marker is situated in the Warren family gravesite in Guthrie, Kentucky.
In April 2005, the United States Postal Service
issued a commemorative stamp to mark the 100th anniversary of Warren's birth. Introduced at the post office in his native Guthrie, it depicts the author as he appeared in a 1948 photograph, with a background scene of a political rally designed to evoke the setting of All the King's Men
. His son and daughter, Gabriel and Rosanna Warren
, were in attendance.
houses the Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities, which is sponsored by the College of Arts and Science.
It began its programs in January 1988, and in 1989 received a $480,000 Challenge Grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. The center promotes "interdisciplinary research and study in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences."
The high school that Robert Penn Warren attended, Clarksville High School (Tennessee), was renovated into an apartment complex in 1982. The original name of the apartments was changed to The Penn Warren in 2010.
In 2014 Vanderbilt University opened the doors to Warren College, one of the first 2 residential colleges at the university, along with Moore College.
- ^ Nelson, Randy F. The Almanac of American Letters. Los Altos, California: William Kaufmann, Inc., 1981: 27. ISBN 0-86576-008-X
- ^ Ehrlich, Eugene and Gorton Carruth. The Oxford Illustrated Literary Guide to the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982: 291. ISBN 0-19-503186-5
- ^ Patrick County People, Free State of PatrickArchived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Wood, Edwin Thomas. "On Native Soil: A Visit with Robert Penn Warren," Mississippi Quarterly 38 (Winter 1984)
- ^ Metress, Christopher. "Fighting battles one by one: Robert Penn Warren's Segregation"[permanent dead link], The Southern Review, Winter 1996.
- ^ Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History
- ^ "National Book Awards – 1958". National Book Foundation. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
(With essay by Kiki Petrosino from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog, and other material on Warren.)
- ^ Jefferson Lectures. National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved January 22, 2009. Annual subsites with list of Prior Jefferson Lecturers (1972–1999).
- ^ "Democracy and Poetry: Robert Penn Warren" (publisher display). Harvard University Press. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- ^ "Website of St. Louis Literary Award". Archived from the original on 2016-08-23. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
- ^ Saint Louis University Library Associates. "Recipients of the St. Louis Literary Award". Archived from the original on July 31, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- ^ Lifetime Honors - National Medal of ArtsArchived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2013-10-18.
- ^ Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities
- ^ "The Penn Warren - History". ThePennWarren.com. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Millichap, Joseph R.. Robert Penn Warren after Audubon:The Work of Aging and the Quest for Transcendence in His Later Poetry. Baton Rouge, LA. :Louisiana State University Press, 2009 ISBN 978-0-8071-3456-6
- Warren, Rosanna "Places - A Memoir of Robert Penn Warren" The Southern Review Volume 41-2 Spring 2005
- Official website
- The Robert Penn Warren Oral History Archive (digital exhibit, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries)
- Robert Penn Warren bio at The Fellowship of Southern Writers
- Robert Penn Warren page at poets.org
- Robert Penn Warren page at KYLIT/Kentucky Literature
- Robert Penn Warren Center for the Humanities at Vanderbilt University
- Robert Penn Warren site run by email@example.com
- The Robert Penn Warren Civil Rights Oral History Project, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
- The Robert Penn Warren Oral History Project, Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
- Eugene Walter and Ralph Ellison (Spring–Summer 1957). "Robert Penn Warren, The Art of Fiction No. 18". The Paris Review.
- Timeline of Poets Laureate at the Library of Congress
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
- Guide to the Robert Penn Warren Photograph Collection[permanent dead link] at the University of Kentucky.
- Guide to the Robert Penn Warren papers, 1916-1967[permanent dead link] at the University of Kentucky.
- Stuart Wright Collection: Robert Penn Warren Papers (#1169-014), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University
- Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University: Robert Penn Warren collection, 1964-1989
- Robert Penn Warren Papers. Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Last edited on 19 February 2021, at 01:23
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.