Ruth McKenney - Wikipedia
Ruth McKenney
Ruth Marguerite McKenney (November 18, 1911 – July 25, 1972) was an American author and journalist, best remembered for My Sister Eileen, a memoir of her experiences growing up in Ohio and moving to Greenwich Village with her sister Eileen McKenney.
Ruth McKenney
BornRuth Marguerite McKenney
November 18 1911
Mishawaka, Indiana, United States
DiedJuly 25 1972 (aged 60)
New York City, New York, USA
Other namesRuth McKenney Bransten (married name)
OccupationAuthor, journalist
Originally published as a series of short stories in The New Yorker, My Sister Eileen was published in book form in 1938, and later adapted under the same name into a play, a radio play (and unproduced radio series), two films, and a CBStelevision series. It was also the basis for the Leonard Bernstein musical Wonderful Town.
Early life
Ruth Marguerite McKenney was born in Mishawaka, Indiana on November 18, 1911 to John Sidney McKenney, a mechanical engineer and Marguerite Flynn, a grade school teacher.[1][2] Her younger sister, Eileen (born April 3, 1913), later married author Nathanael West.[3]
In 1919 her family moved to East Cleveland, Ohio, where she lived until adulthood.[4] She attended East Cleveland Evangelical Church.[5]
She graduated from Shaw High School, where she skipped two grades. Among other subjects, she studied French. She was known as something of a tomboy and was the only girl to play on the East Cleveland boys baseball team (she played first base).[6] She joined the Northern Ohio Debating League. She described herself as "homely as a mud fence", especially compared to her sister Eileen, though she likely exaggerated for comic effect. She also stuttered.[7]
She attempted to commit suicide once[why?] during high school but was rescued by Eileen. At the age of 14, she ran away from home,[8] worked as a printer's devil,[9] and joined the International Typographical Union. At 16, she and Eileen got jobs as waitresses at the Harvey Tea Room at the Cleveland Union Station.[10]
She attended Ohio State University (1928–31), majoring in journalism, but did not graduate. Early in her college career, she and her grandmother ran a small business writing homework papers for football players, wrestlers, and other students.[11] She also wrote for the student newspaper, the Ohio State Lantern; and was the campus correspondent for the Columbus Dispatch.[12]
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While in college, McKenney worked part-time for the Columbus Citizen. She also contributed to the International News Service. Following this, she became a full-time reporter for the Akron Beacon Journal.
In 1934, McKenney moved to New Jersey, where she joined the staff of the Newark Ledger. From there, she and Eileen moved to New York City, specifically a moldy, one-room basement apartment near Sheridan Square at 14 Gay Street in Greenwich Village, for which she paid $45 a month (equivalent to $820 in 2019) The apartment was burgled within the first week of the six months they lived there. The apartment would become the setting of a series of stories in The New Yorker, later republished in book form as My Sister Eileen (1938)..[13][14]
In 1939 McKenney published Industrial Valley, a then-controversial book about the Akron rubber strike (1932–36). She considered it her best work. Her best-selling novel Jake Home (1943) chronicled the struggles of some common Americans between 1900 and 1930.
Adaptations of McKenney's works
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McKenney's story collection My Sister Eileen has been adapted a number of times for stage, film and television. In 1940, Joseph A. Fields and Jerome Chodorov first adapted My Sister Eileen for Broadway, focusing mostly on the last two chapters of the book detailing Ruth and Eileen's young adult experiences in New York City. (The book mostly concerns their childhood in East Cleveland.) The play opened on December 26, 1940 (four days after the death of the Eileen of the title), and ran until January 16, 1943. A film adaptation was made in 1942, directed by Alexander Hall and starring Rosalind Russell as Ruth.
Fields and Chodorov later adapted their play My Sister Eileen as the musical Wonderful Town, with lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and music by Leonard Bernstein, and starring Rosalind Russell and Edie Adams. It opened on Broadway on February 25, 1953, and ran for 559 performances until July 3, 1954. Since then it has been periodically revived both on and off Broadway.
In 1945, McKenney and her husband Richard Bransten wrote a script titled "Maggie," which was based on her girlhood stories as collected in My Sister Eileen and The McKenneys Carry On. The final script was written by F. Hugh Herbert, produced by 20th Century-Fox, and released as Margie in 1946. The film was later adapted for television in the early 1960s.
In 1955 a second musical film based on McKenney's childhood stories was written and directed by Richard Quine and starred Betty Garrett, Janet Leigh, and Jack Lemmon, featuring all original songs (none of the Wonderful Town music was used). In 1960-61, My Sister Eileen was adapted as a television series that ran for 26 episodes.
In 1956, John Boruff adapted McKenney's novel The Loud Red Patrick for Broadway. It ran for 93 performances from October 3 to December 22 and soon became a favorite of regional theaters.
Personal life
In 1937, McKenney married fellow writer Richard Bransten (pen name Bruce Minton). McKenney and Bransten were both one-time Communists, although they were purged from the party in 1946. They had a son Paul and a daughter Eileen,[15] named in memory of Ruth's sister. Eileen Bransten was a New York State Supreme Court justice in Manhattan.
In 1939, Ruth's sister Eileen married novelist Nathanael West. Eileen was just 27 when she died in a road accident on December 22, 1940, two years after My Sister Eileen was published and four days before its first stage version opened on Broadway. West, who had run a stop sign, also died in the same accident. On November 18, 1955, Ruth McKenney's 44th birthday, her husband Richard Bransten committed suicide in London.[16]
After this, Ruth McKenney returned to New York City, but stopped writing. "My mother never quite recovered from her sister's death", Eileen Bransten noted. Ruth McKenney Bransten died in New York on July 25, 1972, aged 60. She had suffered from heart disease and diabetes.[17]
Books and other works
McKenney authored 10 fiction and non-fiction books. They are:
She wrote numerous short pieces for a variety of publications, including Harper's, The New Yorker, the New York Post, Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, Collier's, Argosy, Woman's Journal, Encore, The Saturday Evening Post, Holiday and New Masses. She also wrote screenplays, including Margie and The Trouble with Women, with her husband.
  1. ^ Indiana, Birth Certificates, 1907-1940
  2. ^ 1920 United States Federal Census
  3. ^ Meade, Marion. Lonelyhearts: The Screwball World of Nathanael West and Eileen McKenney. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010.
  4. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1938, My Sister Eileen, pg. 9
  5. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1938, My Sister Eileen, pg. 82
  6. ^ Ruth McKenney and Richard Bransten, 1950, Here's England, p. 58
  7. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1938, My Sister Eileen, pg. 95-97
  8. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1952, All About Eileen, pg. 92-97
  9. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1938, My Sister Eileen, pg. 114
  10. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1938, My Sister Eileen, pg. 88-91
  11. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1952, All About Eileen, pg. 134-43
  12. ^ Ruth McKenney, 1938, My Sister Eileen, pp, 167, 174
  13. ^ Meade, pp. 171-186
  14. ^ My Sister Eileen, pg. 197
  15. ^ Here's England, p. 107
  16. ^ Mervyn Rothstein, "Ruth's daughter Eileen remembers her aunt", New York Times, December 21, 2003
  17. ^ Darnton, John (July 27, 1972). "Ruth McKenney Is Dead at 60; Author of 'My Sister Eileen'; Won Fame With Stories That Became a Best Seller, Film". The New York Times. p. 34.
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Last edited on 4 January 2021, at 20:56
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