Saïd Bouteflika
Saïd Bouteflika (Arabic: سعيد بوتفليقة‎‎, Berber languages: ⵙⵄⵉⴷ ⴰⵠⵓⵜⴼⵉⵇⴰ; born January 1958)[1] is an Algerian politician and academic.
Saïd Bouteflika
سعيد بوتفليقة
Personal details
BornJanuary 1958 (age 63)
Oujda, Morocco
RelativesAbdelaziz Bouteflika (brother)
Alma materNational Polytechnic School (Algeria)
Pierre and Marie Curie University
He was an assistant professor at the Houari-Boumediene University of Science and Technology (USTHB). He is the brother and was a special adviser of Abdelaziz Bouteflika in his former role as President of Algeria, on whom he would have had "considerable influence",[2] especially after the president suffered a serious stroke in 2013.
On May 4, 2019, a month after his brother's resignation, in the context of the 2019 protests in Algeria, he was arrested and provisionally imprisoned in the military prison of Blida awaiting trial. On September 25, 2019, he was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for “undermining the authority of the army” and “conspiring against the authority of the state”.
Early life
Further information: Oujda Group
Saïd Bouteflika was born in January 1958 in Oujda in Morocco, which was then the base of Wilaya V (the military district in the Oran region), at the start of the rise of his brother Abdelaziz, then aged twenty, with Houari Boumédiène, who at the same time was the head of the wilaya. He is the youngest of nine siblings.[3]
His father Ahmed[citation needed] died when he was a year old, so he was brought up by his mother (who ran a hammam), under the tutelage of his brother Abdelaziz, and thereby by Houari Boumedienne who took power through a coup d'état in 1965. He was a student at the Saint-Joseph College of the Brothers of Christian Schools, in El-Biar (Algiers), then at the high school run by the Jesuits, like some sons of leaders,[2] before the final closure of these establishments.
Exile and return
A graduate of the National Polytechnic School of Algiers,[4] he arrived in Paris in 1983 to prepare a doctorate in computer science.[2] His brother, ousted from the estate of Boumédiène, joined him, accused of embezzlement.[2] Saïd Bouteflika holds a postgraduate doctorate from Pierre-et-Marie-Curie University (Paris VI). His main center of interest is pattern recognition, a field in which he defends his thesis.[5]
In 1987, the Bouteflikas were able to return to Algeria, and Saïd followed his brother back.[2] He became a teacher and a university union activist. He married a biologist. In El Biar, he lived in a one floor house with his brother.[3]
Special advisor
After his brother Abdelaziz was elected president in 1999, he was appointed special adviser by an unpublished decree; he was officially in charge of the IT Department.[2] In this role, he removed other members of the cabinet such as Ali Benflis and Larbi Belkheir; Saïd Bouteflika fired the former in 2003 and the latter in 2005.[2] He managed his brother's re-election campaigns in 2004 and 2008, and begins to be presented as a potential successor; he fails to be named vice-president.[6]
In 2005, Abdelaziz Bouteflika was hospitalized in Paris with an ulcer, which forced him to step back from his duties. As a result, Saïd's role grew. According to an inhabitant of El Mouradia interviewed by Jeune Afrique, “he keeps the agenda of the Head of State, intervenes in the appointments of ministers, diplomats, walis [lords], heads of public bodies, and influences the internal life of the FLN. Having become essential to gain access to the president, the special adviser takes de facto management of affairs in El-Mouradia."[2]
In 2008, he helped his brother get re-elected, putting pressure on businessmen to finance the campaign, and made sure that public contracts were entrusted to relatives.[3] An American cable from that year, released by Wikileaks, shows Bernard Bajolet indicating that "Corruption, which traces back to the brothers of Bouteflika [Saïd and Abdallah], has reached a new peak and is interfering with economic development".[7] Shortly afterwards, several corruption scandals broke out, where his name was mentioned, perhaps at the instigation of the Département du Renseignement et de la Sécurité.[8]
In 2013, Abdelaziz Bouteflika was hospitalized in Val-de-Grâce, in Paris. For Jeune Afrique, Saïd Bouteflika remains alone at his brother's bedside, filtering access, giving instructions on the management of the crisis to Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal, who must wait 46 days to see the president.[9][3] Le Matin even affirms that Saïd Bouteflika himself signed seven decrees of appointment in place of his brother, and that he blocks the other appointments.[10] At the same time, he intervened in the crisis shaking the FLN in order to impose a relative as secretary general, then in the subsequent cabinet reshuffle.[11][12] Journalist and former DRS captain Hichem Aboud, who revealed the seriousness of the president's condition, accused Saïd Bouteflika of "running the country by proxy", of having "been involved in many corruption cases" and for having persecuted him to silence him.[13]
In October of the same year, rumors of succession between the brothers resumed,[14] while the movements opposing him, the DRS and its leader, General Toufik, continued.[15][16] This political war is manifested in particular by a new attack by Hichem Aboud who accused Saïd Bouteflika of massive corruption and drug trafficking, but also of homosexuality, which is illegal in Algeria.[17][18]
Depleted and almost paralyzed, Abdelaziz Bouteflika finally ran for a fourth term in the Algerian presidential election in 2014 and won in the first round. Shortly after the election, while his brother was still barely visible, rumors of Saïd's desire to succeed him were once again emerging.[19][20] In November, one of his relatives,[21] the businessman Ali Haddad, is the only candidate for the head of the Forum of business leaders.[22]
In September 2015, President Bouteflika put an end to the functions of General Toufik,[23] a dismissal interpreted by the fact that the reality of power is in the hands of Saïd Bouteflika.[24]
According to journalist Frédéric Pons, Saïd Bouteflika is preparing the succession of his brother by approaching the moderate Islamists with whom he seeks to give a broad popular base to the new team which will take over the country.[25]
On June 3, 2017, Saïd Bouteflika surprised by coming to support the demonstrators who protest against the treatment given to Rachid Boudjedra by the Ennahar TV Channel.[26] He was booed and excluded from the demonstration.[27]
According to Le Matin d'Algérie, in the summer of 2017, Saïd Bouteflika was in the best position to succeed his brother in 2019, but such an event would spark an uprising.[28] The name of former minister Chakib Khelil is also cited.[29]
Protests and arrest
Events of March 2019
On March 27, in the context of Hirak, Saïd Bouteflika, Athmane Tartag, Mohamed Mediène and Louisa Hanoune met in a military residence to decide whether to dismiss the head of the army, Ahmed Gaïd Salah, and the maintenance of Bouteflika in exchange for the appointment of a new prime minister responsible for implementing the transition promised in mid-March. After having hesitated on the name of the prime minister, they chose former President Liamine Zéroual, who declined after accepting, citing health reasons and the refusal of the plan by the demonstrators.[30]
In custody
On the evening of 2 April 2019, after the resignation of his brother after being under pressure from the streets and the army, Saïd Bouteflika was reportedly placed[31] under house arrest.[32] On May 4, he was arrested along with Athmane Tartag and Mohamed Mediène.[33]
Although forced to wear a prisoner's uniform, Saïd Bouteflika nevertheless had better conditions of detention than other personalities imprisoned at El-Harrach Prison, who only have the right to read newspapers.[34]
The trial took place on September 23. Saïd Bouteflika was tried along with the other defendants Louisa Hanoune, the secretary general of the Workers' Party, Mohamed Mediène, the former head of the DRS, and Athmane Tartag, the former coordinator of security services.[35]
During the trial, Saïd Bouteflika rejected the jurisdiction of the military court to try him and refused to answer the judge's questions. He then asked to leave the room and the judge authorized him to do so.[36]
On the second day of the trial, the public prosecutor of the military court of Blida requested a 20-year prison sentence against all the accused.[37] On the third day, the judge brought down a 15-year prison sentence.[38]
On 26 September 2019, he appealed against the verdict.[39] The appeal trial of Saïd Bouteflika, Athmane Tartag, Mohamed Mediène and Louisa Hanoune was held in front of the military appeals court of Blida on February 9, 2020.[40] His 15-year prison sentence was upheld.[41]
Investigation and detention
In December 2020, an Algerian judge ordered placing Bouteflika into pre-trial detention as part of an investigation involving former Algerian Justice Minister, Tayeb Louh. Bouteflika faced charges of attempting to manipulate the national justice system by influencing judges working on cases related to his business connections.[42]
On 3 January 2021, Bouteflika was transferred from the Military Establishment for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Blida to El Harrach Prison.[43]
  1. ^ "Les biens de Bouteflika au Maroc n'apparaissent pas sur sa déclaration de patrimoine". Medias24 - Site d'information. May 20, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Farid Alilat (5 Aug 2013). "Saïd Bouteflika : Mister mystère". jeuneafrique.com. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Mireille Duteil, Saïd Bouteflika, l'énigme algérienne, Le Point, 28 mars 2014
  4. ^ "Algérie: Abdelaziz Bouteflika et les siens". L'Express. 8 Apr 2009. Retrieved 5 Jul 2020.
  5. ^ Bouteflika, Saïd (January 1, 1986). "Contribution a la reconnaissance des caracteres multifontes par des methodes de comparaison de chaines d'elements caracteristiques" – via theses.fr.
  6. ^ Farid Alilat, Algérie : la diplomatie américaine s'intéresse au frère de Bouteflika, Dernières nouvelles d'Algérie Rue89, 05/09/2011
  7. ^ WikiLeaks. Les frères Bouteflika sont des "rapaces", Gaïd Salah "corrompu" et le Général Toufik qui sait tout sur algerie-focus.com
  8. ^ Marie Verdier, Mohammed Hachemaoui: "Le service de renseignement détient tous les leviers du pouvoir en Algérie", La Croix, 01/10/2013
  9. ^ "Algérie : quand Saïd Bouteflika orchestre le silence présidentiel – Jeune Afrique". May 20, 2013.
  10. ^ Abubakr Diallo, Algérie : le frère de Bouteflika soupçonné de signer des décrets, Afrik.com, 08/06/2013
  11. ^ Farid Aillat, Algérie : Bouteflika forever..., JA.com, 07/10/2013
  12. ^ Fin d’un règne mouvementé et incertitudes sur l’avenir politique, challenge.ma, 27 septembre 2013
  13. ^ Alain Jourdan, Saïd Bouteflika veut me faire taire. Il n’y arrivera pas», La Tribune de Genève, 19/09/2013
  14. ^ Kamel Daoud,  Comment l’Algérie a-t-elle pu devenir une monarchie ?, Algérie-Focus, 19/10/2013
  15. ^ Ihsane El Kadi, Présidentielle : l’armée algérienne divisée, Bouteflika veut peser sur les choix, Algérie-Focus, 28/07/2013
  16. ^ Mohamed-Chérif Lachichi, Le DRS avait prévenu Bouteflika, Liberté, 04/06/2013
  17. ^ Algérie. Une ambiance explosive, courrierinternational.com, 7/03/2014 issus de David Porter, counterpunch.org
  18. ^ Guerre politique en Algérie : Saïd Bouteflika répond à Hicham Aboud, afrik.com, 11 février 2014
  19. ^ Saïd F. pour Tamurt.info, Saïd Bouteflika se prépare-t-il à succéder à son frère ?, 7 août 2014 et Tout est fait pour oublier la maladie de Bouteflika, 5 août 2014
  20. ^ Kamel Daoud, Guide de l’Algérie pour visiteur étranger : Discussion autour du cheval de l’Emir, 21 octobre 2014
  21. ^ Yacine Omar, Ali Haddad : “Oui, je suis proche des responsables militaires et civils”, Algérie focus, 14 novembre 2014
  22. ^ Ali Titouche, Présidence du FCE : Ali Haddad boucle sa campagne, El Watan, 24 novembre 2014
  23. ^ Chikhi, Lamine (September 13, 2015). "Algeria's Bouteflika replaces powerful head of military intelligence" – via www.reuters.com.
  24. ^ Algérie : "Monsieur Frère" et l'Odjak des janissaires, bernardlugan.blogspot.cz, 19 septembre 2015
  25. ^ Frédéric Pons, L'inquiétant héritage de Bouteflika », Conflits, No. 13, janv.-mars 2017, p. 13-16
  26. ^ Mesbah Salim, Le coup politique de Saïd Bouteflika, El Watan, 5 juin 2017
  27. ^ Ali Attar, Algérie : Saïd Bouteflika exclu du rassemblement contre Ennahar TV Afrik.com, 3 June 2017
  28. ^ Ahcène Bettahar, Se dirige-t-on droit vers le pire des scénarios en 2019 ? », Le Matin, 23 August 2017
  29. ^ Jean-Louis Tremblais, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, un président en pointillé », Le Figaro Magazine, semaine du 1st décembre 2017, page 32.
  30. ^ Adlène Meddi. "Ce que révèle le procès du siècle: les 7 derniers jours de Bouteflika". Le Point. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  31. ^ "At the top of the state, the "gang" denounced by Gaid Salah is out of concern". TSA (in French). 2019-04-13. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  32. ^ Beau, Nicolas (2019-04-02). "Saïd bouteflika Algeria, Said Bouteflika under house arrest". Mondafrique (in French). Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  33. ^ "Algeria protests: 'Bouteflika's brother arrested'". May 4, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  34. ^ "Algeria - Abdelaziz Bouteflika: internal exile - JeuneAfrique.com". JeuneAfrique.com.
  35. ^ "Said Bouteflika: Brother of deposed Algerian leader goes on trial". September 23, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  36. ^ "Saïd Bouteflika, top Algerian officials in unprecedented trial for plotting against the state". France 24. September 24, 2019.
  37. ^ "Algeria prosecutor seeks 20 years jail for ousted Bouteflika's brother". news.yahoo.com.
  38. ^ "Said Bouteflika: Brother of deposed Algerian leader sentenced to 15 years". September 25, 2019 – via www.bbc.com.
  39. ^ "The lawyers of S. Bouteflika, Hanoune and Generals Tartag and Toufik appeal the judgment - Algeria360 .com". Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  40. ^ Saada, Hana. "Appeal trial of Saïd Bouteflika, Mediène, Tartag and Hanoune opened | DZ Breaking".
  41. ^ "Algeria court upholds 15-year sentence for Bouteflika's brother". RFI. February 11, 2020.
  42. ^ "Brother of Algeria's Ex-President Faces New Charges". Asharq AL-awsat. Retrieved 2020-12-25.
  43. ^ "Saïd Bouteflika transféré à la prison d'El Harrach". algerie-eco.com (in French). 4 January 2021.
Last edited on 17 March 2021, at 03:47
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