There are two different stories about her origin. One is that Farkash is from a family from the Eastern Libyan Barasa tribe and that she was born in Bayda
and was trained as a nurse.
She met Gaddafi when he was hospitalised and treated for appendicitis
She became his second wife when they married in Tripoli during the same year.
Farkash has seven biological children with Gaddafi and two adopted children:
- Saif al-Islam Gaddafi (born 25 June 1972), her eldest son, was an architect who was long-rumored to be Gaddafi's successor. He has been a spokesman to the Western world, and he has negotiated treaties with Italy and the United States. He was viewed as politically moderate, and in 2006, after criticizing his father's government, he briefly left Libya. In 2007, Gaddafi exchanged angry letters with his son regarding his son's statements admitting the Bulgarian nurses had been tortured. They later reconciled.
- Al-Saadi Gaddafi (born 25 May 1973), was a professional football player. On 22 August 2011, he was allegedly arrested by the National Liberation Army. This turned out to be incorrect. In the late evening of 22 August 2011, he spoke with members of the international press. On 30 August, a senior National Transitional Council official claimed that Al-Saadi Gaddafi had made contact to discuss the terms of his surrender, indicating also that he would wish to remain in Libya.
- Mutassim Gaddafi (18 December 1974 – 20 October 2011), Gaddafi's fourth son, was a lieutenant colonel in the Libyan Army. He later served as Libya's National Security Advisor. He was seen as a possible successor to his father, after Saif al-Islam. Mutassim was killed along with his father after the battle of Sirte.
- Hannibal Muammar Gaddafi (born 20 September 1975), was an employee of the General National Maritime Transport Company, a company that specialized in oil exports. He is most-known for his violent incidents in Europe, attacking police officers in Italy (2001), drunk driving (2004), and for assaulting his girlfriend in Paris (2005). In 2008, he was charged with assaulting two staff in Switzerland, and was imprisoned by Swiss police. The arrest created a strong standoff between Libya and Switzerland.
- Ayesha Gaddafi (born 1976), Farkash's only biological daughter, is a lawyer who joined the defense teams of executed former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein and Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi. In 2006, she married a cousin of her father's, Ahmed al-Gaddafi al-Qahsi, with whom she has four children (as of 2011).
- Saif al-Arab Gaddafi (1982 – 30 April 2011) was appointed a military commander in the Libyan Army during the Libyan Civil War. Saif al-Arab and three of Farkash's grandchildren were reported killed by a NATO bombing in April 2011. Like the death of Hanna, this is disputed by the organizations alleged to be responsible.
- Khamis Gaddafi (27 May 1983 – 29 August 2011), her sixth son, who was serving as the commander of the Libyan Army's elite Khamis Brigade. On 30 August 2011, a spokesman for the National Transitional Council said it was "almost certain" Khamis had been killed in Tarhuna during clashes with units of the National Liberation Army.
She and Gaddafi are rumored to have adopted two children, Hanna and Milad.
Hana Muammar Gaddafi
(claimed by Gaddafi to be his adopted daughter, but most facts surrounding this claim are disputed) was apparently killed at the age of four, during the retaliatory US bombing raids
She may not have died; the adoption may have been posthumous; or he may have adopted a second daughter and given her the same name after the first one died.
Following the taking by rebels of the family residence in the Bab al-Azizia
compound in Tripoli, The New York Times
both reported evidence (complete with photographs) of Hana's life after her declared death, when she became a doctor and worked in a Tripoli hospital. Her passport was reported as showing a birth date of 11 November 1985, making her six months old at the time of the US raid.
However, a Libyan official told the Daily Telegraph
that Gaddafi adopted a second daughter and named her Hana in honour of the first one who was killed.
The family's main residence was in the Bab al-Azizia
, located in the southern suburbs of Tripoli.
Business and other interests
Farkash kept a low profile during the initial period of her marriage to Gaddafi; however, after the release on license of Lockerbie bomber Abdul Baset Ali al-Megrahi
in 2009, she took a more public profile. She organised a party covered by the local media to celebrate the anniversary of the 1969 revolution that brought her husband to power, and in 2010 attended the graduation of female police students.
In 2008, Farkash was elected vice president to the African First Ladies Organization in a meeting of African Union
leaders in Sharm al-Sheikh
, even though she was not present at the meeting, and has never taken part in activities related to it.
Libyan Civil War
Farkash stayed with her husband and family through the Libyan Civil War
, at their home in Tripoli. After a first round of United Nations
sanctions froze the overseas assets of Libya and those personally held by Gaddafi, the governments of France
and the United Kingdom
enabled a second round of sanctions, which froze an estimated £18Bn of state and personal assets control by Farkash.
In May 2011, she gave her first press interview to CNN
reporter Nima Elbagir
, via mobile telephone.
As the Battle for Tripoli
reached a climax in mid-August, the family were forced to abandon their fortified compound. On 27 August 2011, it was reported by the Egyptian
news agency Mena
that Libyan rebel fighters had seen six armoured Mercedes-Benz
sedans, possibly carrying top Gaddafi regime figures, cross the border at the south-western Libyan town of Ghadames
which at the time was denied by the Algerian authorities. On 29 August, the Algerian government
officially announced that Safia together with daughter Ayesha and sons Muhammad and Hannibal, had crossed into Algeria early on 29 August.
An Algerian Foreign Ministry official said all the people in the convoy were now in Algiers
, and that none of them had been named in warrants issued by the International Criminal Court
for possible war crimes charges. Mourad Benmehidi
, the Algerian permanent representative to the United Nations
, later confirmed the details of the statement. The family had arrived at a Sahara desert
entry point, in a Mercedes and a bus at 08:45. The number of people in the party was unconfirmed, but there were "many children" and they did not include Gaddafi. Resultantly the group was allowed in on humanitarian grounds, and the Algerian government had since informed the head of the Libyan National Transitional Council, who had made no official request for their return.
In October 2012 they left a hideaway in Algeria to go to Oman
, where they were granted political asylum
Sanctions after Gaddafi
The central bank of the United Arab Emirates
ordered in March 2012 all banks and financial institutions in the country to freeze the accounts of Safia Farkash and other high-ranking officials of the Gaddafi regime.
This order was declared in accordance with the UN Security Council’s Resolution No. 1970
of 2011, addressing fifteen Libyans whose bank accounts had been frozen for their involvement in violence against the people of Libya.
In April 2016, she was allowed to return to Libya by the government as part of their efforts to pacify Gaddafi loyalists.
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- ^ a b "Budapest Report – Gaddafi's wife revealed to be Hungarian". Budapest Report. 18 April 2011. Archived from the original on 25 April 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- ^ "Word View from Off the Strip – Gaddafi's wife Safiya". Word View from Off the Strip. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- ^ "Aus Zsófia Farkas wurdeSafiya al-Barassi al-Gaddafi". Journal. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ^ "Gaddafi Could Seek Refuge in Croatia or Serbia? Not Likely". Isa Intel. 29 August 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- ^ "Farkas", meaning "wolf", is a common Hungarian family name. "Brassai" is another common Hungarian family name, meaning "someone from Brassó"
- ^ United Nations - SC/10541
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- ^ Tages-Anzeiger, 17 August 2009; The Australian, 17 August 2009.
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- ^ "Qaddafi Is Said to Survive NATO Airstrike That Kills Son" The New York Times 30 April 2011 
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- ^ "Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi v. The Daily Telegraph". 21 August 2002. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
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- ^ name spelling per English language class certificate shown in reference
- ^ See Accuracy in Media article here
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- ^ "Dental Records for Hanna Gaddafi reopen mystery of Muammar Gaddafi's daughter". The Daily Telegraph. London. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- ^ "Britain seeks UN help to target Gaddafi wife's £18bn". This Is London. 19 April 2011. Archived from the original on 24 November 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
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- ^ a b Harding, Luke; Chulov, Martin; Stephen, Chris (29 August 2011). "Gaddafi's family escape Libya net to cross into Algeria". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
- ^ "Libya conflict: Gaddafi family 'flee to Algeria'". BBC News. 29 August 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
- ^ Fahim, Kareem; MacFarquhar, Neil (29 August 2011). "Qaddafi's Wife and 3 of His Children Flee to Algeria". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
- ^ "Muammar Gaddafi's family take refuge in Oman". The Telegraph. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- ^ a b Haider, Haseeb (9 March 2012). "UAE freezes bank accounts of Gaddafi's wife, aide". Khaleej Times. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- ^ Freeman, Colin (13 October 2016). "Gaddafi's widow allowed back to Libya as part of 'reconciliation' drive". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
Last edited on 5 May 2021, at 09:09
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