or Salah ad Din Governorate
: صلاح الدين
, Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn
) is a governorate
in Iraq, north of Baghdad
. The governorate has an area of 24,363 square kilometres (9,407 sq mi). The estimated population in 2003 was 1,042,200 people. The capital is Tikrit
; the governorate also contains the significantly larger city of Samarra
. Before 1976 the governorate was part of Baghdad Governorate
The province is named after leader Saladin
(written Salah ad-Din
in modern Arabic
Latin transcription), a Kurdish
Muslim leader who defeated the Crusaders
, and who hailed from the province. Salah ad Din was the home province of Saddam Hussein
; he was born in Al-Awja
, a town near Tikrit.
In January 2014, there were plans to make Tuz Khurmatu, a district of Saladin Governorate, into a new governorate.
However, these plans were announced by Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
and were not followed up by his successor, Haider al-Abadi
, who replaced Maliki in August 2014.
In October 2011, the government in Saladin governorate declared itself a semi-autonomous region within Iraq. The government explained that the declaration was in response to the central government
's "domination over the provincial council authorities".
Saladin, which is a largely Sunni
governorate, is also hoping that by declaring themselves an autonomous region within Iraq, it will entail them to a larger portion of government funding.
The council cited "article 119 of Iraq's constitution
" in its call for autonomy, which states that "one or more governorates [provinces] shall have the right to organize into a region" if one third of the Provincial Council members or one tenth of the voters request to form a region".
Towns and cities
The following table shows the populations of the districts of Saladin Governorate, according to the United Nations
in 2003. No data is available for Dujail District
- ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- ^ "Iraqi Council of Ministers approved new provinces of Tuz Khurmatu and Tal Afar". Kurd Net. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- ^ See for example the following newspaper article from July 2015, which refers to Tuz Khurmatu as part of Saldin Governorate. "محتجون يتظاهرون في طوزخورماتو ضد القصف التركي" [Protestors demonstrate in Tuz Khurmatu]. شفق نيوز (in Arabic). Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- ^ a b Hammoudi, Laith (27 October 2011). "Saddam's home province declares regional autonomy in Iraq". McClatchy Newspapers. Archived from the original on 10 December 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- ^ "Baghdad tries to cancel demands of Diyala Province". Kurdsat TV. Archived from the original on 14 December 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- ^ a b "Iraq: Saladin governor protests Shia militia's looting". Middle East Monitor - The Latest from the Middle East. 4 April 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- ^ "Fierce clashes rage around IS-held Iraqi city of Tikrit - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
Last edited on 28 June 2021, at 22:00
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