Saleh Ali al-Sammad
Saleh Ali al-Sammad (Arabic: صالح علي الصمَّاد‎‎; 1 January 1979 – 19 April 2018[3]) was a Yemeni political figure from the Houthi movement who served as the president of Yemen's Supreme Political Council and the de facto President of Yemen until his assassination.
Saleh Ali al-Sammad
صالح علي الصمَّاد
President of the Supreme Political Council of Yemen*
In office
15 August 2016 – 19 April 2018
Prime MinisterTalal Aklan (Acting)
Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour
DeputyQassem Labozah
Preceded byMohammed Ali al-Houthi (President of the Revolutionary Committee)
Succeeded byMahdi al-Mashat
Personal details
Born1 January 1979
Bani Ma'az, Sahar District, North Yemen(now Yemen)
Died19 April 2018 (aged 39)[1]
Al Hudaydah Governorate, Yemen
Cause of deathLJ-7 missile[2]
Alma materSana'a University
Military service
Battles/warsHouthi insurgency in Yemen
*Sammad's term has been disputed by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.
On April 23, 2018, Houthi officials announced al-Sammad was killed in a Saudi-led coalition drone airstrike.[4][5]
Political career
Saleh Ali al-Sammad was born in Bani Ma'az in Yemen's Sahar District on 1 January 1979.[6]
He was appointed in September 2014 to serve as a political adviser to President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.[7]
Al-Sammad struck a conciliatory posture during and after the 2014–15 coup. In November 2014, after the Houthis withdrew from Yemen's "unity government", he expressed support for most of Hadi's cabinet choices, including Prime Minister Khaled Bahah.[7]
As of February 2015, after the Houthi takeover of the government, he was described as "the senior Houthi leader in Sana'a".[8]
In February 2015, al-Sammad said the Houthis hoped for normal relations with the United States and other countries and suggested that the group was interested in sharing power with other political factions, potentially including members of the deposed House of Representatives in a new, 551-member parliament.[8]
On 6 August 2016, al-Sammad became head of the Supreme Political Council.[9] He was sworn in on 14 August.[10]
On 15 August 2016, the Supreme Revolutionary Committee handed power to the Supreme Political Council.[11]
On 23 April 2018, Al-Samad was killed by a Saudi-led coalition drone strike, making him the most senior Houthi casualty. The weapon was a LJ-7 or AKD-10 air-to-surface missile, possibly fired from a Wing Loong II UCAV.[12]
Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, the top leader of the Houthi movement, stated that "the forces of aggression, led by America and Saudi Arabia, bear the legal responsibility for this crime and all its consequences."[13]
See also
Samad (UAV)
  1. ^ الجزيرة - عاجل [@AJABreaking] (23 April 2018). "عاجل | جماعة الحوثي تعلن مقتل صالح الصماد رئيس المجلس السياسي التابع للحوثيين" (Tweet) (in Arabic). Retrieved 24 April 2018 – via Twitter.
  2. ^ Watling, Rawan Shaif, Jack. "How the UAE's Chinese-Made Drone Is Changing the War in Yemen".
  3. ^ "Houthi political chief Saleh al-Sammad killed in Saudi air raids". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Yemen war: Houthi political leader 'killed in air raid'". BBC. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  5. ^ "قناة العربية: مقتل القيادي الحوثي صالح الصماد في غارة جوية للتحالف". kuna.net.kw (in Arabic). Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Biography of political leader of the Supreme Council, "Saleh Al-samad"". Yemen Press. Archived from the original on 2017-12-05. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  7. ^ a b "Yemen's Houthi group endorse new government: presidential aide". Reuters. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Embassy Shuts in Yemen, Even as Militant Leader Reaches Out". The New York Times. 10 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Political Council formed, al-Sammad President". Saba.ye. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  10. ^ "SPC sworn on". Saba News. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  11. ^ "SRC hands over authority to SPC". Saba News. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  12. ^ "How the UAE's Chinese-Made Drone Is Changing the War in Yemen". Foreign Policy. 2018-04-27. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  13. ^ Rashad, Marwa. "Saudi-led air strike kills top Houthi official in Yemen". U.S. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammed Ali al-Houthi
as President of the Revolutionary Committee of Yemen
President of the Supreme Political Council of Yemen
Succeeded by
Mahdi al-Mashat

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Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 08:11
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