San Juan del Sur
is a municipality
and coastal town on the Pacific Ocean
, in the Rivasdepartment
in southwest Nicaragua
. It is located 140 kilometres (87 mi) south of Managua
. San Juan del Sur is popular among surfers and is a vacation spot for many Nicaraguan families and foreign tourists.
San Juan del Sur Lighthouse
Its population is approximately 15,553, consisting largely of families engaged in fishing or the tourism industry and foreigners from the United States
. While the local economy was, for many years, based on fishing and shipping, it has shifted towards tourism in the last 20 years. In October 2002, to mark the city's 150th anniversary, it was formally designated the "Port of San Juan del Sur" and a "Tourism City of Nicaragua."
San Juan del Sur, set beside a crescent-shaped bay, was a popular resting place for gold prospectors headed to California
in the 1850s. Correspondingly, San Juan del Sur served as a hub for Cornelius Vanderbilt Lines
A statue of the Christ of the Mercy
sits above town on the northern end of the bay. The Mirador del Cristo de la Misericordia sits on one of the highest points on the bay and is one of the tallest Jesus statues in the world.
San Juan del Sur is the port on the Pacific that has been focus of many historic and modern day Nicaragua Canal
proposals because of its location on the narrow isthmus of Rivas between the Pacific Ocean
and Lake Nicaragua
U.S. Intervention in San Juan del Sur
U.S. backed forces engaged in armed conflict in San Juan del Sur on March 7, 1984.
The 1992 Nicaraguan tsunami
On September 2, 1992 a magnitude 7.0 earthquake off the central coast of Nicaragua generated a tsunami
that devastated many communities along the Pacific Coast. Run-up values along the coast ranged from 2m in the north and south to up to 10m in some central locations. Run-up values in San Juan del Sur were approximately 5m. As a result of the tsunami an estimated 60% of homes in the community were destroyed, approximately 800 residents were displaced, and businesses and homes along the Malecón suffered severe damage.
The climate for San Juan del Sur is a tropical savanna climate
according to the Köppen Climate Classification
, with constant and relatively moderate temperatures throughout the year. The dry season lasts from December to May, with a substantial and heavy rainy season throughout the rest of the summer months, with an average yearly rainfall of 1,710 milimetres (67.3 inches).
Twin towns – Sister cities
Image taken from the Christ of Mercy hill
San Juan del Sur Bay, aerial view
San Juan del Sur beach, and the hill with the Christ of Mercy atop
Sunset at San Juan del Sur bay.
- ^ Nicaragua Pacific Coast The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 5 September 2016
- ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
- ^ Romero, Bayardo (January 2012). "San Juan del Sur Celebrates 490 Yrs. of its Discovery, 160 Years as a City and 10 Years as an Official Tourism City". Del Sur News.
- ^ a b EsperanzaMarket. "Top Three Things To Do In San Juan Del Sur Nicaragua".
- ^ "'Nicaragua to host two seasons of hit TV series Survivor". PR Log. May 16, 2010. Retrieved May 16, 2010.
- ^ "'Survivor: San Juan del Sur -- Blood vs. Water': Jeff Probst gives intel on NEXT season". 21 May 2014.
- ^ "International Court of Justice, CASE PARAMILITARY ACTIVITIES IN AND AGAINST NICARAGUA (NICARAGUA v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)".
- ^ "CIA Employes Fought Nicaraguans; 2 Gunfire Exchanges Reported in Support Of Commandos", The Washington Post, December 20, 1984, p. A24.
- ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on May 9, 2013.
- ^ Colgan, Laura (2011-03-30). "Community development, education and arts school plans fundraiser". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- ^ "Gießen: Städtepartnerschaften" [Giessen: Twin towns] (in German). Stadt Gießen. Archived from the original on 2013-04-13. Retrieved 2013-08-01.
- ^ "2003 US-Nicaragua Sister Cities Directory"(PDF). Wisconsin Coordinating Council on Nicaragua. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- ^ Newton-San Juan del Sur Sister City Project. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
- ^ "Norwegian Delegation Visits San Juan del Sur". www.delsurnewsonline.com.
- Points of interest on the map for San Juan del Sur - Interactive online map of San Juan del Sur
- San Juan Live - Practical Lifestyle Information on San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua
- Nicaragua Earthquake/Tsunami Sep 1992 UNDHA Situation Reports 1 – 7
- Satake, K., J. Bourgeois, K. Abe, K. Abe, Y. Tsuji, F. Imamura, Y. Iio, H. Katao, E. Noguera, and F. Estrada. 1993. Tsunami Field Survey of the 1992 Nicaragua Earthquake. Eos, 74:145-160.
Last edited on 25 March 2021, at 23:37
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