The mission was originally planned as a hospital site for Central Valley American Indians
who had become ill at the cold San Francisco Mission Dolores
. Father Luis Gil, who spoke several Native American languages, was put in charge of the facility. In part because of its ideal weather, San Rafael was later upgraded to full mission status in 1822. The mission had 300 converts within its first year, and 1,140 converts by 1828.
The Mexican government took over the California missions in 1834, and Mission San Rafael
was abandoned in 1844, eventually falling into ruin. The current mission was built in 1949 in the style of the original, but faces at right angles to the alignment of the original.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 22.4 square miles (58 km2
). 16.5 square miles (43 km2
) of it is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2
) of it (26.55%) is water. South of the county is San Francisco
Notable landmarks include:
There are several public parks in the city.
The San Rafael shoreline has been historically filled to a considerable extent to accommodate land development, with underlying bay mud (saturated clayed silt) of up to 90 feet (27 m) in thickness. At certain locations such as Murphys Point, the sandstone or shale rock outcrops through the mud.
San Rafael has a Mediterranean climate
(Köppen climate classification Csb
), with mild winter lows seldom reaching the freezing mark. The National Weather Service reports that August is usually the warmest month with a high of 80.1 °F (26.7 °C) and a low of 55.0 °F (12.8 °C). December, the coldest month, has an average high of 55.1 °F (12.8 °C) and an average low of 41.0 °F (5.0 °C). The highest temperature on record is 110 °F (43.3 °C), recorded in June 1961. The highest temperature in recent years, 108 °F (42.2 °C), occurred on July 23, 2006,
and 108 °F (42.2 °C) again on September 6, 2020. The record lowest temperature was 20 °F (−6.7 °C) on December 22, 1990. There are an average of 17.9 afternoons annually with a high of 90 °F (32.2 °C) or more and 1.2 afternoons with a high of 100 °F (37.8 °C) or more. Freezing temperatures (32 °F/0 °C or below) occur on an average of 3.6 mornings.
Total annual precipitation averages 32.16 inches (816.9 mm), with an average of 64.3 days with measurable rain. The rainy season is from November to early April: rain is rare outside of this period and it is normal to receive no rain in June, July, August, and September. The wettest “rain year” was from July 1994 to June 1995 with 61.45 inches (1,560.8 mm) and the driest from July 1975 to June 1976 with 13.62 inches (345.9 mm). The most rain in one month was 24.11 inches (612.4 mm) in January 1995, and the heaviest 24-hour rainfall was 8.74 inches (222.0 mm) on December 11, 1995. A trace of snow was recorded on January 30, 1976.
The 2010 United States Census
reported that the city of San Rafael had a population of 57,713. This figure does not, however, include portions of the Santa Venetia
and Lucas Valley-MarinwoodCDPs
, nor various other unincorporated areas, all of which have San Rafael postal addresses; in total, according to the 2010 Census, there were 70,197 residents of San Rafael postal addresses (ZIP codes 94901 and 94903).
The following statistics refer to the incorporated limits of San Rafael only. The population density
was 2,573.9 people per square mile (993.8/km2
). The racial makeup of San Rafael was 40,734 (70.6%) White
, 1,154 (2.0%) African American
, 709 (1.2%) Native American
, 3,513 (6.1%) Asian
, 126 (0.2%) Pacific Islander
, 8,513 (14.8%) from other races
, and 2,964 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 17,302 persons (30.0%).
The Census reported that 55,594 people (96.3% of the population) lived in households, 1,314 (2.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 805 (1.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 22,764 households, out of which 6,358 (27.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 9,845 (43.2%) were opposite-sex married couples
living together, 2,004 (8.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,133 (5.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,450 (6.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships
, and 301 (1.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships
. 7,434 households (32.7%) were made up of individuals, and 2,954 (13.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44. There were 12,982 families
(57.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.
The population was spread out, with 11,132 people (19.3%) under the age of 18, 4,956 people (8.6%) aged 18 to 24, 16,915 people (29.3%) aged 25 to 44, 15,574 people (27.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 9,136 people (15.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.
There were 24,011 housing units at an average density of 1,070.9 per square mile (413.5/km2), of which 11,909 (52.3%) were owner-occupied, and 10,855 (47.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.1%. 27,554 people (47.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 28,040 people (48.6%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 56,063 people, 22,371 households, and 12,773 families residing in the city. The population density
was 3,378.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,304.8/km2
). There were 22,948 housing units at an average density of 1,383.1 per square mile (534.1/km2
). The racial makeup of the city in 2010 was 59.0% non-Hispanic White
, 1.8% non-Hispanic African American
, 0.2% Native American
, 6.0% Asian
, 0.2% Pacific Islander
, 0.3% from other races
, and 2.6% from two or more races. 30.0% were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 22,371 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18, 44.3% were married couples
living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.99. The age distribution was as follows: 19.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.
The reported median income
for a household in the city was $60,994; the median reported income for a family was $74,398 (these figures had risen to $67,789 and $85,459 respectively as of a 2007 estimate
). Males reported a median income of $50,650 versus $39,912 for females. The reported per capita income
for the city was $35,762. About 5.6% of families and 10.2% of the population reported incomes below the poverty line
, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
Politics and government
San Rafael is a stronghold of the Democratic Party
. According to the California Secretary of State
, as of February 10, 2019, San Rafael has 31,288 registered voters. Of those, 17,566 (56.1%) are registered Democrats
, 4,292 (13.7%) are registered Republicans
, and 8,121 (26%) have declined to state
a political party.
San Rafael is governed by a city council with five members, elected at-large for four-year terms. The current members are:
- Mayor Kate Colin
- District 1 Councilmember: Maika Llorens Gulati
- District 2 Councilmember: Eli Hill
- District 3 Councilmember: Maribeth Bushey
- District 4 Councilmember: Rachel Kertz.
Federal and state
Largely because of the presence of LucasFilm, San Rafael started to attract video game
developers, with several major studios located in the city.
- Brøderbund Software — Founded by Doug Carlston and Gary Carlston in 1980, the company was sold to Mindscape in 1998 and moved to Novato. Best known for the hit titles Choplifter, Lode Runner, The Print Shop, Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? and Myst, and for being the early distributor of SimCity. After several subsequent acquisitions by various companies, in 2001 the remaining Brøderbund offices were moved to San Francisco.
- LucasArts — Founded by George Lucas in (1984) as LucasFilm Games; relocated to San Francisco in 2005. Best known for Star Wars and Indiana Jones games and innovative titles such as The Secret of Monkey Island, Grim Fandango and Full Throttle.
- Stormfront Studios — Founded by San Rafael native Don Daglow in 1988. Best known for The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, many EA Sports titles including NASCAR Racing, Gold Box role-playing video games and the first graphical MMORPG, Neverwinter Nights.
- Visual Concepts — Founded by Greg Thomas in 1988, the company was bought by Sega in 1999, then sold to Take Two Interactive in 2004. Best known for creating many EA Sports titles, and recently for Sega Sports and its 2K line of sports games.
- Totally Games — Founded by former LucasArts programmer Larry Holland in 1994. Best known for a series of Star Wars flight sim games.
- THX — the high-fidelity audio/visual reproduction standard which started as a spin-off from Lucasfilm Ltd., founded by Tomlinson Holman at George Lucas's company.
- Factor 5 — Founded in Germany in 1987 by Julian Eggebrecht, moved to San Rafael in 1996 to be close to publisher LucasArts. Best known for Star Wars and Indiana Jones games. In May 2009, the company's San Rafael studio closed.
- Telltale Games — Founded in 2004 by former LucasArts employees. Best known for its video game adaptation of The Walking Dead and Sam & Max adventure games. The company filed for bankruptcy on November 14, 2018.
- Mind Control Software — Founded in 1994 by Andrew Leker, Best known for Independent Games Festival winning game, Oasis.
According to San Rafael's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the top employers in the city are:
China Camp State Park
San Rafael contains a number of parks:
- There is one regional park that serves statewide users: China Camp State Park.
- One County-maintained park next to China Camp State Park this park is McNear's Beach Park and it is run by Marin County Parks. This park also has a pool that is open for public use ($5 entrance fee, Seasonal Summer Use).
- Community parks are Albert Park, Boyd Park, Gerstle Park, Pickleweed Park and the Terra Linda Recreational Center.
- Albert Park is the home of the San Rafael Pacifics Baseball Club, founded in 2012. The team played 42 home games in its inaugural season and is a member of the Pacific Association of Professional Baseball Clubs. In its five-year span, the San Rafael Pacifics have brought home 3 Championships in 2012, 2014 and 2015, being thwarted by Maui's Ace Jesse Smith of Lincoln, Nebraska in a one-game Championship game in 2013, even though The Pacifics were 7 games up on Maui leading up to the single Championship game that year.
- There are a number of neighborhood parks and mini-parks such as Bret Harte Park, Boyd Park, Sun Valley Park, Oleander Park, Victor Jones Park, Peacock Gap Park and Gerstle Park. Gerstle Park is also a historic and walkable neighborhood south of First Street in close proximity to central Downtown.
Terra Linda High School
Public schools not operated by the district include:
Phoenix Academy is a California charter school
where chemically dependent students can develop a drug- and alcohol-free lifestyle, make academic progress, address emotional issues, and make sound career and vocational decisions. The school provides a highly structured and supervised program.
- Mark Day School, is a K-8 independent private school in San Rafael, CA. Formally known as St. Marks School, on May 23, 2014, the Saint Mark's School would become Mark Day School effective July 1, 2014.
- Marin Academy, previously the San Rafael Military Academy, is a private high school in San Rafael. Prior to the name change students discharged two Spanish–American War cannons daily at 5:00 p.m.
- Saint Raphael School, a K-8 school with a history linked to the Mission San Raphael.
- 3R School, an early example of the nonconventional school movement, featured in Time Magazine and using McGuffey's Third Eclectic Reader among other teaching materials, operated in San Rafael from 1955 to 1983.
- Brandeis Marin, a K-8 Jewish day school, opened a Marin campus in 1978. It shares a campus with the Osher Marin JCC and Congregation Rodef Sholom.
- The Marin School is an independent, college-preparatory high school on North San Pedro Road, between the Civic Center and the Osher Marin JCC. TMS was founded in 1981 and moved to San Rafael in 2013.
San Rafael Transit Center
In popular culture
San Rafael High School is believed to be the origin of the term "420".
The term "420
" when used in reference to cannabis
consumption is believed to have originated in San Rafael, specifically, at San Rafael High School, in reference to cannabis consumption on April 20 or at 4:20 p.m., the time the original group gathered after school.
's poem "The Smoke-Off" is about a girl named Pearly Sweetcakes who came from San Rafael.
The TV show 13 Reasons Why
is based in San Rafael, and many scenes from the first season were filmed downtown.
- Isabel Allende, author
- Stacey Bailey, former American football wide receiver, Atlanta Falcons
- Philip K. Dick, novelist
- William English, contributed to the development of the computer mouse
- Justine Frischmann, lead singer of Elastica and visual artist
- Brad Gilbert, professional tennis player and coach
- Lauren Grandcolas, a 9/11 victim on United Flight 93
- Cynthia Harvey (born 1957), ballet dancer and educator
- Llewellyn F. Haskell (1842-1929), United States Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War
- James Hetfield, musician
- Michael Johnson, sprinter, 1996 Atlanta Olympics gold medalist, resides in the hills above San Rafael
- Christian Mortensen (1882–1998), supercentenarian, the one-time oldest living human male, aged 115 years and 252 days at death
- Marin Sais, actress
- Carlos Santana, musician
- Elizabeth Charleston, painter
- Gladys Kathleen Parkin, wireless radio operator
- Charles Dormon Robinson, painter
- Dana Sabraw, U.S. District Judge
- Scott Thunes, musician
- Michael Savage, radio host, author, activist, nutritionist, conservative political commentator, host of The Savage Nation
- Will Venable, former professional Major League Baseball player
- Dave Archer (painter), artist
- Natu Tuatagaloa, former professional football player in the American NFL
- Dan Green, voice actor
- George Duke, keyboardist, composer, singer-songwriter and record producer
- Jared Goff, quarterback for the Detroit Lions.
Although not every location in San Rafael is part of a neighborhood that has a widely accepted and widely recognized name, there are some neighborhoods that have names that are accepted and recognized by most locals. The City of San Rafael 2020 General Plan
recognizes 30 distinct neighborhoods in San Rafael:
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Last edited on 5 May 2021, at 20:10
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