The first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega
in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans, whom the Spanish called the Costanos, "coast people", later known as the Ohlone
. The Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions
and the Mission Santa Clara de Asis
was founded in 1777.
Main Street, c. 1910
In 1846, the American flag was raised over Monterey
and symbolized the transfer of the sovereignty of the California Republic
over to the United States. In 1851, Santa Clara College
was established on the grounds of the original Mission. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated
as a town; it became state-chartered by 1862.
For the next century the economy centered on agriculture since orchards and vegetables were thriving in the fertile soil. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had reached 5,000 and stayed about the same for many years.
Santa Clara's first medical hospital was built in 1963. This structure, on Kiely Boulevard, was replaced in 2007 with the new Kaiser Permanente medical center located on Lawrence Expressway at Homestead Road.
Downtown Santa Clara: the 1963 City Council voted to knock down the 8 block grid of downtown area next to Santa Clara University bordered by Lafayette, Benton, Monroe, and Homestead (previously named Liberty in 1963) to receive federal funding from Urban Renewal in USA. In 2018 there is a parking lot and Franklin Mall on Washington St (2 blocks) with the one state historical building is, Santa Clara Post Office, apartment building, county courthouse, and strip mall.
There are some significant biological resources within the city including habitat
for the burrowing owl
, a species
of special concern in California due to reduction in habitat from urban development during the latter 20th century.
This owl uses burrows created by ground squirrels
and prefers generally level grasslands and even disturbed areas. Coyotes
have also become active in the area in recent years.
Despite being located only 45 miles from San Francisco, Santa Clara's climate is rather distinct—particularly during the summer, when it is generally warm and sunny, as opposed to the foggy and cool conditions one normally finds in San Francisco. The average daily temperatures in July range from 82 °F (28 °C) to 53 °F (12 °C). Winters are mild, with the mean daily temperatures in January ranging from 58 °F (14 °C) to 38 °F (3 °C). Most of the annual rainfall comes in the winter months; the summer months are generally rainless.
A housing development
The 2010 United States Census
reported that Santa Clara had a population of 116,468. The population density was 6,327.3 people per square mile (2,443.0/km2
). The ethnic makeup of Santa Clara was 52,359 (45.0%) White
, 3,154 (2.7%) African American
, 579 (0.5%) Native American
, 43,889 (37.7%) Asian
(13.6% Indian, 6.9% Chinese, 6.2% Filipino, 3.9% Vietnamese, 3.0% Korean, 1.5% Japanese), 651 (0.6%) Pacific Islander
, 9,624 (8.3%) from other races
, and 6,212 (5.3%) from two or more races. There were 22,598 people (19.4%) who identified as Hispanic
; 14.6% of Santa Clara's population was of Mexican ancestry.
The Census reported that 113,272 people (97.3% of the population) lived in households, 2,860 (2.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 336 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 43,021 households, out of which 14,477 (33.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,817 (50.7%) were opposite-sex married couples
living together, 4,081 (9.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,038 (4.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,146 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships
, and 312 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships
. 10,906 households (25.4%) were made up of individuals, and 2,945 (6.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63. There were 27,936 families
(64.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.18.
The age distribution of the population was as follows: 24,774 people (21.3%) were under the age of 18, 12,511 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 41,876 people (36.0%) aged 25 to 44, 25,628 people (22.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,679 people (10.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.
There were 45,147 housing units at an average density of 2,452.7 per square mile (947.0/km2), of which 19,747 (45.9%) were owner-occupied, and 23,274 (54.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 53,694 people (46.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 59,578 people (51.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 102,361 people, 38,526 households, and 24,117 families residing in the city. The population density
). There were 39,630 housing units at an average density of 832.0/km2
). The ethnic makeup of the city was 55.59% White
, 2.29% African American
, 0.53% Native American
, 29.27% Asian
, 0.43% Pacific Islander
, 6.94% from other races
, and 4.95% from two or more races. 15.99% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 38,526 households, out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city, the age distribution of the population showed 19.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 39.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income
for a household in the city was $75,687, and the median income for a family was $98,977.
Males had a median income of $58,641 versus $43,131 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $31,755. About 4.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Advanced Micro Devices (AMD)
, Agilent Technologies
, Applied Materials
, Arista Networks
, Extreme Networks
, Global Foundries
, Move inc
, National Semiconductor
, Palo Alto Networks
, Silicon Valley Bank
, Trident Microsystems
and Veritas Technologies
are among the companies headquartered in Santa Clara. Namco Bandai Games
's United States office is in Santa Clara.
According to the City's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the top employers in the city are:
Park near the library
Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
- District 1: Kathy Watanabe
- District 2: Raj Chahal
- District 3: Karen Hardy
- District 4: Kevin Park
- District 5: Sudhanshu "Suds" Jain
- District 6: Anthony Becker
Santa Clara Caltrain station
Santa Clara Unified School District
is the public school district that serves Santa Clara and small portions of Sunnyvale and North San Jose. The city is home to nineteen K–8, elementary, and high schools. Many of the schools are named for former farmers, ranchers, and other notable Santa Clara residents such as Bowers and Bracher elementary schools, Buchser Middle School, Wilcox High School
, and Santa Clara High School
. A small part of the city however is served by Cupertino High School
and its feeder schools in the nearby town of its namesake.
- Granada Islamic School (Islamic school, grades K-11)
- Live Oak Academy (grades K-12)
- Saint Clare School (Catholic school, grades K-8)
- Saint Justin School (Catholic school, grades K-8)
- Saint Lawrence Elementary and Middle School (Catholic school, grades K-8)
- Santa Clara Christian School (Christian school, grades K-8)
- Sierra Elementary and High School (grades K-8)
- Stratford School (grades K-5)
The Santa Clara Broncos
are the Division I NCAA
athletic programs of Santa Clara University
. Santa Clara sponsors 19 different teams, most of which compete in the West Coast Conference
. The red and white of the Santa Clara Broncos is featured on the flag of the city, as is the Mission which lies at the heart of the campus. Santa Clara has long benefited from support from the local community, and the Broncos have achieved a bevy of intercollegiate success, notably in Men's Basketball, Baseball, and both Men's and Women's soccer. Santa Clara's Leavey Center
, Buck Shaw Stadium
, and Stephen Schott Stadium
are all noted as some of the finest facilities of their size on the West Coast.
Santa Clara University and its athletic programs play heavily into the culture and history of Santa Clara.
The Santa Clara Vanguard
, a competitive marching music organization, has been headquartered in Santa Clara since its inception. The organization runs and operates a winter guard
, an indoor percussion ensemble
, and two drum and bugle corps
, all of which compete across the country every year. All four ensembles have been very successful competitively, especially the two drum corps, one of which has won 6 Open Class titles and the other 7 World Class titles. The latter is the only drum corps that has made finals every year since the beginning of Drum Corps International
Points of interest
The San Francisco 49ers NFL
football team has its headquarters and practice facilities in Santa Clara. On Wednesday, November 8, 2006, the 49ers announced their intention to move the team
to Santa Clara in time for the fall 2014 season, after negotiations failed with the city of San Francisco to build a new stadium.
The inside of Levi's Stadium, home of the San Francisco 49ers.
In 2011, Santa Clara voters approved a plan to build a 68,500-seat stadium for the San Francisco 49ers
of the National Football League
. The groundbreaking for the stadium, located 45 miles southeast of San Francisco, occurred on April 19, 2012.
The stadium is located between the Great America park (to the south) and the Convention Center. The official ribbon cutting took place on Thursday, July 17, 2014. The first professional sporting event hosted at the stadium was a Major League Soccer (MLS) match between the San Jose Earthquakes and the Seattle Sounders
on August 2, 2014. The first professional football event hosted at the stadium was a pre-season game between the 49ers and the Denver Broncos
, played on August 17, 2014.
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- ^ a b c "California's 17th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
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- ^ "Santa Clara Christian". California School Directory. California Department of Education. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- ^ "Sierra Elementary and High". California School Directory. California Department of Education. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- ^ "Stratford School". California School Directory. California Department of Education. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- ^ "Library." City of Santa Clara. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- ^ Cote, John; Vega, Cecilia M.; Lagos, Marisa (November 9, 2006). "Niners to leave SF, move to Santa Clara". sfgate.com. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
- ^ "Video: 49ers' groundbreaking ceremony for Santa Clara stadium". The Mercury News.
- ^ "News : New Sister City". City of Santa Clara. Retrieved May 1, 2015.
Last edited on 29 April 2021, at 03:06
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