Sapienza University of Rome
The Sapienza University of Rome
: Sapienza – Università di Roma
), also called simply Sapienza[a]
or the University of Rome
, is a research university
that is located in Rome, Italy. Formally known as Università degli Studi di Roma
", it is one of the largest European universities by enrollments
and one of the oldest in history
, founded in 1303. The University is one of the most prestigious Italian universities and in the world, commonly ranking first in national rankings and in Southern Europe.
In 2018, 2019 and 2021 it ranked first in the world for classics and ancient history.
Sapienza University of Rome
Most of the Italian ruling class studied at Sapienza.
Sapienza educated numerous notable alumni, including many Nobel laureates, Presidents of the European Parliament and European Commissioners, heads of several nations, notable religious figures, scientists and astronauts.
In September 2018, it was included in the top 100 of the QS World University Rankings
Graduate Employability Ranking.
Palazzo della Sapienza, former home of the University until 1935.
Sapienza University of Rome was founded in 1303 with the Papal bull In Supremae praeminentia Dignitatis
, issued on 20 April 1303 by Pope Boniface VIII
, as a Studium
for ecclesiastical studies more under his control than the universities of Bologna
making it the first pontifical university.
In 1431 Pope Eugene IV
completely reorganized the studium with the bull In supremae
, in which he granted masters and students alike the broadest possible privileges and decreed that the university should include the four schools of Law, Medicine, Philosophy and Theology. He introduced a new tax on wine to raise funds for the university; the money was used to buy a palace which later housed the Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza
However, the University's days of splendour came to an end during the sack of Rome
in 1527, when the studium was closed and the professors dispersed, and some were killed. Pope Paul III
restored the university shortly after his ascension to the pontificate in 1534.
In the 1650s the university became known as Sapienza, meaning wisdom, a title it retains. In 1703, Pope Clement XI
purchased some land with his private funds on the Janiculum
, where he made a botanical garden, which soon became the most celebrated in Europe through the labours of the Trionfetti brothers. The first complete history of the Sapienza University was written in 1803–1806 by Filippo Maria Renazzi
University students were newly animated during the 19th-century Italian revival. In 1870, La Sapienza
stopped being the papal university and became the university of the capital of Italy. In 1935 the new university campus, planned by Marcello Piacentini
, was completed.
On 15 January 2008 the Vatican
cancelled a planned visit to La Sapienza University by Pope Benedict XVI
who was to speak at the university ceremony launching the 2008 academic year
due to protests by some students and professors.
The title of the speech would have been 'The Truth Makes Us Good and Goodness is Truth'.
Some students and professors protested in reaction to a 1990 speech that Pope Benedict XVI (then Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) gave in which he, in their opinion, endorsed the actions of the church against Galileo
Sapienza University has many campuses in Rome, but its main campus is the Città Universitaria
(University city), which covers 44 ha (110 acres) near the Roma Tiburtina Station
. The university has satellite campuses outside Rome, the main one of which is in Latina
In 2011 a project was launched to build a campus with residence halls
near Pietralata station
, in collaboration with the Lazio
To cope with the ever-increasing number of applicants, the Rector also approved a new plan to expand the Città Universitaria
, reallocate offices and enlarge faculties, as well as create new campuses for hosting local and foreign students.
The Alessandrina University Library
(Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina
), built in 1667 by Pope Alexander VII
, is the main library housing 1.5 million volumes; it has some important collections including collezione ciceroniana
and Fondo Festa
Points of interest
Since the 2011 reform, Sapienza University of Rome has eleven faculties and 65 departments. Today Sapienza, with 140,000 students and 8,000 among academic and technical and administrative staff, is the largest university in Italy. The university has significant research programmes in the fields of engineering, natural sciences
, biomedical sciences
. It offers 10 Masters Programmes taught entirely in English.
In 2018, the subject Classics and Ancient history of Sapienza is ranked the 1st in the world by QS World University Rankings
As the same ranking, the subject Archaeology ranks the 9th.
In 2016, the Center for World University Rankings ranked the Sapienza University of Rome as the 90th in the world and the top in Italy in its World University Rankings
According to the QS Graduate Employability Ranking 2020
, Sapienza places first amongst Italian universities for the indicator on Alumni Outcomes thanks to the number of university graduates employed in large companies and in managerial positions.
To cope with the large demand for admission to the university courses, some faculties hold a series of entrance examinations. The entrance test often decides which candidates will have access to the undergraduate course. For some faculties, the entrance test is only a mean through which the administration acknowledges the students' level of preparation. Students that do not pass the test can still enroll in their chosen degree courses but have to pass an additional exam during their first year.
Some of the notable alumni and professors
Faculty and staff
- Carlo Costamagna
- Cardinal Mazarin
- Mario Oriani-Ambrosini
- Corrado Gini, statistician
- Lucio Bini and Ugo Cerletti, psychiatrists
- Corrado Böhm, computer scientist
- Benedetto Castelli, mathematician
- Andrea Cesalpino, physician and botanist
- Federigo Enriques, mathematician
- Maria Montessori, physician and paedagogist
- Paola S. Timiras, biologist
- Barnaba Tortolini, mathematician
- Andrea Zitolo, physical-chemist
- Edoardo Amaldi
- Oscar D'Agostino
- Ettore Majorana
- Bruno Pontecorvo
- Franco Rasetti
- Giovanni Battista Beccaria
- Giovanni Jona-Lasinio
- Luciano Maiani
- Domenico Pacini
- Antonio Signorini
- Nicola Cabibbo, President of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences
- Cora Sternberg
- Carlo Franzinetti, physicist
- Alessandro Piccolo (agricultural scientist), Professor at University of Naples Federico II, Humboldt Prize in Chemistry
- Glauco Benigni, Author, journalist
- Anna Maria Bisi, archaeologist
- Cesare Borgia, Cardinal, condottiero and politician of the 15th century
- Piero Boitani, literary critic, writer and academic
- Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, jurisconsult
- Silvia Berti, historian
- Lazarus Buonamici, renaissance humanist
- Umberto Cassuto, Hebrew language and Bible scholar
- Marcel Danesi, language scientist
- Carlo Innocenzio Maria Frugoni, poet
- Count Angelo de Gubernatis, orientalist
- Predrag Matvejević, writer and academic
- Santo Mazzarino, leading historian of ancient Rome and ancient Greece
- Giuseppe Tucci, orientalist
- Mario Liverani, orientalist
- Paolo Matthiae, director of the archeological expedition of Ebla
- Antonio Nibby, archaeologist
- Diego Laynez, second general of the Society of Jesus;
- Giulio Mazzarino, politician and cardinal
- Alessandro Roncaglia, economist
- Giulio Salvadori, literary critic and poet
- Giuseppe Scaraffia, literary critic
- Ugo Spirito, philosopher
- Giuseppe Ungaretti, poet
- Bernardino Varisco, philosopher
- Musine Kokalari, Albanian writer
- ^ "Anagrafe Nazionale Studenti". miur.it.
- ^ "Sapienza University of Rome – Identity Guidelines". Archived from the original on 25 August 2012.
- ^ "Sapienza University of Rome - Graphic manual" (PDF). June 2007. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
- ^ Official Sapienza University of Rome name and logos writing guidelines Archived 17 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Chi siamo – Sapienza – Università di Roma". uniroma1.it.
- ^ "Sapienza University of Rome Ranking | CWUR 2017". Cwur.org. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ^ Will Martin. "QS ranking of global universities by excellence in subjects - Business Insider". Businessinsider.fr. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ^ https://www.wantedinrome.com/news/romes-la-sapienza-rated-top-university-in-the-world-for-classics.html
- ^ Gianna Fregonara. "Università "La Sapienza":sfide, titoli e speranze - Corriere.it". Roma.corriere.it. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ^ "Sapienza" (PDF). UniRoma. 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- ^ "QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2019". Top Universities. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ^ History
- ^ Di Simone, Maria Rosa (1980). La sapienza romana nel Settecento (in Italian). Roma: Edizioni dell'Ateneo.
- ^ a b BBC NEWS | World | Europe | Papal visit scuppered by scholars 15 January 2008
- ^ "The letter of the scientists to the rector of the University" (in Italian). Aprileonline.info. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- ^ Benedict XVI's Planned Lecture at La Sapienza Archived 8 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine 18 January 2008
- ^ "Pietralata, i lavori del campus inizieranno a fine 2012". paesesera.it (in Italian). Nuovo Paese Sera srl. 27 July 2011. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- ^ "Home – Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina". beniculturali.it.
- ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2020". Shanghai Jiaotong University. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- ^ "CWUR World University Rankings - 2020-2021". CWUR. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
- ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking – 2020". Leiden University. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- ^ "QS World University Rankings - 2021". Top Universities. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- ^ "World University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
- ^ "USNWR World Rankings - 2021". US News & World Report. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- ^ "Sapienza among Top World Universities – Sapienza – Università di Roma". uniroma1.it.
- ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2016". shanghairanking.com.
- ^ "Classics & Ancient History". Sapienza University of Rome
- ^ "Archaeology". Sapienza University of Rome
- ^ "The 2015 edition of the ranking has been released". Center for World University Rankings. 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- ^ "Sapienza Amongst the Top-100 Universities Worldwide for Graduate Employment | Sapienza Università di Roma". www.uniroma1.it. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
- ^ "Enrico Fermi – Biographical". Nobel Foundation.
Last edited on 28 March 2021, at 23:36
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