Saud Al Kabeer bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saud Al Kabeer bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
: سعود الكبير بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود
Suʿūd Al Kabīr ibn ʿAbdulʿazīz Āl Suʿūd
1882–1959) was a grandson of Saud bin Faisal bin Turki
and a cousin and important supporter of King Abdulaziz
, founder of Saudi Arabia
Through his marriages he became the brother-in-law and later the son-in-law of King Abdulaziz. Prince Saud was one of the most known Najdi people
Early life and activities
Following the capture of Riyadh by the Al Rashid
in 1890 Saud and his relatives were arrested and taken to Qasim.
In 1904 Abdulaziz took Qasim where he found that Prince Saud and his five brothers were there under the rule of the Al Rashid.
Abdulaziz brought all of his cousins whom he called al araif
(meaning lost and recollected camels) to Riyadh and made them part of his circle, but gave them no political position.
Prince Saud, his brothers and a few of his cousins challenged the rule of Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman.
In 1910 when Abdulaziz was not in Riyadh, Prince Saud and his brothers left Riyadh and joined the rebellious Ajman tribe with whom they established a base in Hariq and Hauta in the south of Riyadh.
In 1912 Abdulaziz attacked on them and asked them either to return to Riyadh with him or to go into exile.
Prince Saud and his brother Mohammed chose to return with him, but one of his brothers escaped to Hasa
and the others chose to refuge with Sharif Hussein of Hejaz
who was the competitor of Abdulaziz.
Following this incident Prince Saud played a vital role in uniting the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, having fought side by side with Abdulaziz in many battles and having led the armies to reclaim many lands. He helped reclaim Ha'il
, and Sablah
. He played a pivotal role in the battles of the Al Qassim region
. He also led the Saudi army to reclaim the west coast of the Arabian peninsula including Rabigh
, and Medina
. Prince Saud and Abdulaziz's brother Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman
led the forces which helped Abdulaziz in the battle of Kanzan
Only through their assistance Abdulaziz managed to defeat the Al Ajman tribe
who surrounded Abdulaziz's forces for almost six months after killing Abdulaziz's younger brother Saad bin Abdul Rahman
and wounding Abdulaziz.
Later Prince Saud was made governor of Al Qassim.
Because he was respected and loved by the people, and also due to his vast knowledge of religion, King Abdulaziz would rely on Prince Saud to dispute tribal issues.
Prince Saud married to Noura bint Abdul Rahman
, the sister of King Abdulaziz.
And later on after her death, he married Hessa, the daughter of King Abdulaziz.
Prince Saud and Princess Noura had two daughters, Hassa and Al Jawhara, and a son, Mohammed
. Prince Mohammed was a senior and respected prince due to his powerful tribal
knowledge and connections.
Princess Al Jawhara was one of King Faisal
Prince Saud and his wife, Noura, lived in Sharia Palace in Alkharag city.
Then, they moved to the newly built Al Shamsiah Palace, outside Riyadh
which is in the Al Murabba neighborhood.
Prince Saud died in 1959.
- ^ Also spelled Al Kabir, "The Great"
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- ^ "Noura bint Abdul Rahman.. Adviser to the King and the Secrets Portfolio". Saudi 24 News. 17 May 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
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Last edited on 27 May 2021, at 08:56
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