Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association
The Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) (Arabic: جمعية الحقوق المدنية والسياسية في السعودية‎‎) is a Saudi Arabian human rights​non-governmental organisation[5] created in 2009.[1] On 9 March 2013, the Saudi court sentenced two of its prominent leaders to at least 10 years in prison for "offences that included sedition and giving inaccurate information to foreign media", while dissolving the group.[6] The association is also known in Arabic by its acronym HASEM.[7]
Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA)
FoundedOctober 12, 2009[1]
Founder11 co-founders[1]
DissolvedMarch 9, 2013
Key people
Mohammad Fahad al-Qahtani (leader),[2]Mohammed Saleh al-Bejadi (co-founder,[3] arrested 21 March 2011)[4]
ACPRA was created in 2009 by 11 human rights activists and academics in response to what was seen as a worsening human rights situation in Saudi Arabia.[1] The 11 founders are Professor Abdulkareem Yousef al-Khathar, Dr. Abdulrahman Hamid al-Hamid, Professor Abdullah H. al-Hamid, who is a former professor of comparative literature and founding member of the Committee for the Defense of Legitimate Rights, Fahad Abdulaziz Ali al-Orani, Fowzan Mohsen al-Harbi, Easa Hamid al-Hamid, Mhana Mohammed al-Faleh, Dr. Mohammad Fahad al-Qahtani, Mohammad Hamad al-Mohaisen,[1] Mohammed Saleh al-Bejadi[3] and Saud Ahmed al-Doughaither.[1]
It aims to promote human rights awareness, focussing on the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and related international human rights instruments, it calls for an elected parliament and the creation of legal institutions to support transparency and accountability. The ACPRA also calls for laws to protect minority rights and intends to document human rights violations.[1]
Structure and leadership
As of March 2011, the ACPRA was led by Mohammad Fahad al-Qahtani.[2]
Statements and reports
In January 2011, ACPRA and Human Rights First Society complained to King Abdullah about the torture of septuagenarian Judge Suliman al-Reshoudi, whose feet were chained to his bed each night and who was forced to sit up during the day.[8] In late March 2011, ACPRA's leader, Mohammad Fahad Al-Qahtani, stated that he saw about police detain about 50 out of 100 protestors at the Ministry of the Interior in Riyadh.[2]
Government responses
ACPRA members on trial in Riyadh in 2012
ACPRA co-founder Mohammed Saleh al-Bejadi (also al-Bjady) was arrested on 21 March 2011, during the 2011 Saudi Arabian protests, in Buraidah by Mabahith, the internal security agency. ACPRA stated that the arrest was arbitrary, in violation of the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia and the Law of Criminal Procedures.[4] Al-Bejadi appeared in the Specialized Criminal Court in August 2011 on charges of "insurrection against the ruler, instigating demonstrations, and speaking with foreign [media] channels."[9] Judge al-'Abd al-Latif prevented al-Bejadi's defence lawyers from attending the August trial session.[9]
On 18 June 2012, ACPRA co-founder and leader Mohammad Fahad al-Qahtani was charged in a Saudi court for his human rights activities.[10][11] On 29 June, the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies spoke on al-Qahtani's behalf at the 20th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council.[12] Another ACPRA co-founder, Abdullah al-Hamid, was charged with similar offences on 11 June 2012.[10]
See also
  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) (An Establishing Declaration) — Riyadh, Saudi Arabia — Monday, October 12, 2009". Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association. 12 October 2009. Archived from the original on 10 October 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b c "Women remain barred from voting as Saudi Arabia announces elections". The National (Abu Dhabi)/AP/Bloomberg. 2011-03-23. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
  3. ^ a b "While the Saudi elite looks nervously abroad, a revolution is happening". The Guardian. 2011-04-11. Archived from the original on 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
  4. ^ a b "ACPRA demands the immediate unconditional release of its co-founder, Mohammed Al-Bjady". Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association. March 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  5. ^ "Saudi court dissolves rights group, sentences activists to jail". PressTV. March 9, 2013.
  6. ^ Reuters. "Saudi court jails two activists for 10 years". ArabianBusiness.com.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-26. Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  8. ^ "Saudi rights NGOs write to king about jailed activist". Thomson Reuters. March 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
  9. ^ a b "World Report 2012: Saudi Arabia". Human Rights Watch. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  10. ^ a b "Saudi Arabia ramps up clampdown on human rights activists". Amnesty International. 2012-06-18. Archived from the original on 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  11. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Prominent Human Rights Defender Risks 5 Years of Prison for cooperating with the UN". Alkarama. 2012-06-29. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  12. ^ Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) (2012-07-02). "Escalating crackdown on rights defenders". IFEX. Archived from the original on 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
Further reading
Madawi al-Rasheed, 2015: Muted Modernists: The Struggle over Divine Politics in Saudi Arabia, Oxford University Press
External links
Last edited on 9 January 2021, at 13:51
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