In the colonial forces, which closely followed the practices of the British military, the rank of second lieutenant began to replace ranks such as ensign
New appointments to the rank of second lieutenant ceased in the regular army in 1986.
Immediately prior to this change, the rank had been effectively reserved for new graduates from the Officer Cadet School, Portsea
which closed in 1985. (Graduates of the Australian Defence Force Academy
(ADFA) and the Royal Military College, Duntroon
(RMC-D) are commissioned as lieutenants
The rank of second lieutenant is only appointed to officers in special appointments such as training institutions, university regiments and while under probation during training. Trainees undertaking Special Service Officer (SSO) training are also appointed at higher rank (as second lieutenants) than General Service Officer (GSO) trainees who start off at the rank of officer cadet (ADFA/Australian Army Reserve
officer trainees) or staff cadet (Royal Military College, Duntroon
A second-lieutenant is equivalent to a junior commissioned officer (the French army does not use the terms commissioned or non-commissioned). During classes at officer training schools such as Saint Cyr the cadets rise quickly through the non-commissioned ranks of private, corporal, sergeant and reach the rank of aspirant which is the first officer rank. After additional training at specialised schools they get the bar of second-lieutenant. The insignia consists of a metal-colored bar in accordance with the color of the ceremonial uniform buttons and hat symbol.
For example, for the infantry, gold being the metal of the ceremonial dress buttons, the symbol on the béret
being a golden grenade with two crossed rifles, and the symbol on the képi
being a single golden grenade, therefore the insignia of a sous-lieutenant
is a gold-colored bar.
For cavalry or forest rangers (light infantry mobilised from the Water and Forests Corp), ceremonial dress buttons were silver, as was the hunting horn on the forest commissioned officer's képi, therefore the insignia of a sous-lieutenant is a silver-colored bar.
The insignia consists of a single silver star (or a star and a bar for reserve officers). Officers holding this rank should be addressed as "kyrie anthypolochage" (kύριε ανθυπολοχαγέ) by their subordinates, or anthypolochage plus their family name by their superior officers.
, "second lieutenant" is known as letnan dua
) which is the most junior ranked officer in the Indonesian Military
. Cadets who graduate from the Indonesian Military Academy
achieve this rank as young officers. Senior non-commissioned officers
promoted to becoming commissioned officers go to the officer's candidate school (Sekolah Calon Perwira
) in Bandung
to achieve the second lieutenant rank. The lieutenant rank has two levels, which are second lieutenant (letda
) and first lieutenant (lettu
). Lieutenants in Indonesia
usually command a platoon
level of troops and are referred to as "danton
" abbreviated from komandan pleton
(platoon commander) in Indonesian
Since 1951 in the Israel Defense Forces (סגן-משנה (סג"מ
) has been equivalent to a second lieutenant (NATO OF-1). From 1948 – 1951 the corresponding rank was that of a (סגן) segen
, which since 1951 has been equivalent to lieutenant
. Segen mishne
means "junior lieutenant" and segen
literally translates as "assistant". Typically it is the rank of a platoon commander
. Note that the IDF uses this rank across all three of its services.
However, the Royal New Zealand Navy
breaks with British tradition and uses the name ensign
for its most junior commissioned officer rank (rather than the usual equivalents, such as acting sub-lieutenant or second lieutenant).
The equivalent rank in Norway
(O-1) is "fenrik
". This is the first rank, where they are commanding officer. Fenrik
s are usually former experienced sergeants but to become a fenrik
one has to go through officer's training and education. Fenrik
s fill roles as second in command within a platoon. Fenrik
s are in some cases executive officers. Most fenrik
s have finished the War Academy as well, and are fully trained officers. To qualify for the military academy, Fenrik
s are required to do minimum 6 months service in international missions, before or after graduation.
The Pakistan Army
follows the British pattern of ranks. A second lieutenant is represented by one metal pip on each shoulder in case of "khaki uniform" and one four quadric[clarification needed]
printed star on the chest in case of camouflage combat dress. However a second lieutenant in the Pakistan Army is usually promoted to lieutenant 6 months after commissioning.Test for 2nd lieuetenant is held every year in Pakistan.
, the rank of second lieutenant (2LT) is awarded to officer cadets who have graduated from the completion of their officer cadet course, and is the lowest commissioned
rank in the Singapore Armed Forces
, below the rank of lieutenant and above the rank of chief warrant officer
. The rank insignia of a second lieutenant is a bar.
In Switzerland, the rank of lieutenant (Swiss Standard German
) is the lowest officer rank and the lowest rank of subaltern officers. Candidates are selected either among NCOs serving in a recruit school, or from the NCOs in a reservist unit. Candidates complete a 15-week officer school and then serve as a platoon leader at a recruit school.
United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries
New British Army officers are normally commissioned as second lieutenants at the end of their commissioning course at RMA Sandhurst
, and continue with specific training with their units. Progression to lieutenant rank usually occurs after about a year. In the British armed forces, second lieutenant
is a rank which is not used as a form of address. Instead a second lieutenant named, for example, Smith
is addressed and referred to as Mr Smith
, with the exception that the alternative titles ensign
) and cornet
(in the Blues and Royals
and Queen's Royal Hussars
) are still used. In the Royal Air Force
, the comparable rank is pilot officer
. The Royal Navy
has no exact equivalent rank, and a second lieutenant is senior to a Royal Navy midshipman
but junior to a sub-lieutenant
In the Air Force and Space Force, depending upon the career field, a second lieutenant (2d Lt) may supervise flights
(of varying sizes) as a flight leader or deputy flight leader, or may work in a variety of administrative positions at the squadron
, or wing
A significant number of Air Force second lieutenants are full-time flight students in training for eventual designation as USAF pilots
, combat systems officers
or air battle managers.
The following are a selection of second lieutenant rank insignia, attempting to illustrate the range of variation (and similarity) between the insignia. Note that although many air forces use the rank of second lieutenant, in most Commonwealth air forces the equivalent rank of pilot officer
is used. Very few navies use the rank "second lieutenant".
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- ^ "Commissioned Officer Ranks". Australian Army. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- ^ "General Service Officer". Defence Jobs. Defence Force Recruiting. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- ^ [dead link]
- ^ Navy marks centennial by reinstating 'executive curl' "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-26. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
- ^ Canadian Army goes back to the future with return to British-style ranks and designations "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
- ^ "CMPB | Ranks and drill commands". Central Manpower Base (CMPB). Retrieved 2018-11-26.
- ^ "The Household Cavalry Command Structure - Forms of Address". householdcavalry.info. Enasec Ltd. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016. In The Blues And Royals, the most junior Officer rank (equivalent to 2nd Lieutenant) is known as "Cornet".
- ^ "The Armed Forces".
- ^ Dalzell, Tom (2009). The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English. Taylor & Francis. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-415-37182-7.
Last edited on 5 April 2021, at 12:05
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