(Redirected from Self-government)
This article is about the mode of governance. For similar concepts of regulation, see Self-regulation (disambiguation).
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Self-governance, self-government, or self-rule is the ability of a person or group to exercise all necessary functions of regulation without intervention from an external authority.[2][3][4] It may refer to personal conduct or to any form of institution, such as family units, social groups, affinity groups, legal bodies, industry bodies, religions, and political entities of various degree.[4][5][6] Self-governance is closely related to various philosophical and socio-political concepts such as autonomy, independence, self-control, self-discipline, and sovereignty.[7]
Greenland, an autonomous territory of the Kingdom of Denmark which has a self-governed since 2009[1] (pictured: Nuuk, Greenland)
In the context of nation-states, self-governance is called national sovereignty which is an important concept in international law. In the context of administrative division, a self-governing territory is called an autonomous region.[8] Self-governance is also associated with political contexts in which a population or demographic becomes independent from colonial rule, absolute government, absolute monarchy or any government which they perceive does not adequately represent them.[9] It is therefore a fundamental tenet of many democracies, republics and nationalist governments.​[10]​Mohandas Gandhi's term "swaraj" is a branch of this self-rule ideology. Henry David Thoreau was a major proponent of self-rule in lieu of immoral governments.
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In ancient Greek philosophy, Plato posits the concept of self-mastery as the ability to be one's own master; he states that individuals or groups cannot achieve freedom unless they govern their own pleasures and desires, and instead will be in a state of enslavement.[11][12] Accordingly, this principle is not only a fundamental moral freedom but also as a necessary condition of political freedom and by extension the freedom and autonomy of any political structure.[11]
John Locke furthers this principle in that genuine freedom requires cognitive self-discipline and self-government, and that man's capacity for this is the source of all freedom. In this sense, freedom is not a possession but an action.[13] Locke proposes that rationality is the key to true agency and autonomy, and that political governance is enabled by the governing of one's own judgement.[14] His political philosophy was a prominent influence on Immanuel Kant, and was later taken up in part by the Founding Fathers of the United States.
The nature of self-governance, that freedom relies upon self-regulation, has further been explored by contemporary academics Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, William E. Connolly, and others.[15]
Means of self-governance
The means of self-governance usually comprises some or all of the following:
See also
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  1. ^ Greenland in Figures 2012 (PDF). Greenland in Figures. stat.gl. ISBN 978-87-986787-6-2. ISSN 1602-5709. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  2. ^ Rasmussen 2011, p. x–xi.
  3. ^ Sørensen & Triantafillou 2009, pp. 1–3.
  4. ^ a b Esmark & Triantafillou 2009, pp. 29–30.
  5. ^ Sørensen & Triantafillou 2009, p. 2.
  6. ^ Sørensen & Torfing 2009, p. 43.
  7. ^ Rasmussen 2011, p. x.
  8. ^ Ghai & Woodman 2013, pp. 3–6.
  9. ^ Berlin 1997, pp. 228–229.
  10. ^ Rasmussen 2011.
  11. ^ a b Young 2018.
  12. ^ Laks 2007.
  13. ^ Casson 2011, pp. 159–160.
  14. ^ Casson 2011, pp. 160–161, 167.
  15. ^ Rasmussen 2011, p. xiii.
  16. ^ Esmark & Triantafillou 2009, p. 31.
  17. ^ Esmark & Triantafillou 2009, p. 32.
Last edited on 2 April 2021, at 18:54
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