Tunisian Arabic: [sˤfɑːqɛːs] (listen)
) is a city in Tunisia
, located 270 km (170 mi) southeast of Tunis
. The city, founded in AD 849 on the ruins of Roman Taparura
, is the capital of the Sfax Governorate
(about 955,421 inhabitants in 2014),
and a Mediterranean
port. Sfax has a population of 330,440 (census 2014).
The main economic activities of Sfax are industries (phosphate
processing), agriculture (olive and olive oil, nuts), fishing (largest fishing port in Tunisia
) and trade (import-export). The city is often described as Tunisia's "second city"
, being the second-most populous city after the capital Tunis.
The French ironclad Colbert which bombarded Sfax in 1881
Present-day Sfax was founded in AD 849 on the site of the ancient Roman town
) of Taparura
. The modern city has also grown to cover some other ancient settlements, most notably Thenae
in its southern suburb of Thyna
When the Bey of Tunis
signed the Bardo Treaty, in 1881, making Tunisia
a protectorate, an insurrection broke out in Sfax. Six ironclads were dispatched from Toulon
) to join the French Navy ships in Tunisian waters. In Sfax, three ironclads from the Division of the Levant were already present (Alma
, Reine Blanche
, La Galissonnière
), together with four cannon boats.
Sfax was bombarded, and on 16 July the city was taken by the French after hard fighting, with 7 dead and 32 wounded for the French.
Founded in 1961, Radio Sfax
broadcasts twenty hours a day
on MW 720 kHz/105.21 MHz.
Sfax has a hot semi-arid climate
). Owing to its sheltered location relative to Mediterranean Sea winter storms, Sfax receives half the rainfall of Tunis and less even than the major cities of Libya (Tripoli
). Summers, like all of North Africa, are hot and almost rainless, whilst winters are very pleasant with only light rain usual.
Sfax mean sea temperature
A 2015 astronaut photo of Sfax. Shown are the old city
, part of the port, and the distinctive circular earth works of the Taparura
Hadi Chaker Street
- ENIS (École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax) issued a number of well-known scientists and industrialists.
- ESCS (École Supérieure de Commerce de Sfax) issued a number of managers, Economy and Management researchers and young entrepreneurs.
- FLSHS (Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines de Sfax) issued a number of renowned poets and prose writers.
- Sfax Faculty of Medicine (Faculté de Médecine de Sfax).
- ISAAS (Institut Supérieur d'Administration des Affaires de Sfax)
- FSEGS (Faculté des Sciences Économiques et de Gestion de Sfax).
- FSS (Faculty of Science Sfax) .
- ISIMS (Institut Supérieur d'Informatique et de Multimédia de Sfax).
- FDS (Faculté de Droit de Sfax)(http://www.fdsf.rnu.tn/)
- ISAMS (Institut Supérieur des Arts et Métiers de Sfax)
- IHEC (Institut des Hautes Etudes Commerciales de Sfax)
This section needs expansion
. You can help by adding to it
. (February 2011)
- CS Sfaxien, a club of football (soccer), volleyball, basketball and rugby.
- Sfax Railway Sport
- Stade Sportif Sfaxien
- Ahmed Abbes, mathematician
- Max Azria, fashion designer
- Mamdouh Bahri, artist, composer, jazz guitarist, and teacher
- Hédi Bouraoui, poet and writer
- Nouri Bouzid, film director
- Hamdi Braa, basketball player
- Mohamed Charfi, academic, politician, jurist and scholar
- Eoin Colfer, Irish author; worked in Sfax in the 1990s and set several of his books there
- Moncef Dhouib, director and screenwriter
- Tom Dixon, industrial designer
- Mohamed Fourati, surgeon
- Mohamed Gouaida, footballer
- Farhat Hached, trade union leader assassinated by the French government
- Mohamed Jamoussi, artist, poet, composer and famous singer
- Claude Kayat, Franco-Swedish writer and dramatist
- Mounir Laroussi, scientist, inventor
- Christian Lauba, composer
- Mansour Moalla [fr], former Minister of Economy, economist, and banker
- Abdessalem Mseddi, former Minister of Higher Education, linguist, and writer
- Georges Perec, writer
- Hatem Trabelsi, former football player
- Saber Rebaï, Tunisian pan-Arab singer and composer
Twin towns — sister cities
- ^ Cities of the Middle East and North Africa : a historical encyclopedia. Dumper, Michael., Stanley, Bruce E. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. 2007. ISBN 978-1-57607-920-1. OCLC 80014324.
- ^ "Biggest Cities In Tunisia". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
- ^ a b Randier 2006, p. 395.
- ^ Jeter, James Phillip; Rampal, Kuldip R.; Cambridge, Vibert C.; Pratt, Cornelius B. (1996). International Afro mass media: a reference guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 130. ISBN 0-313-28400-8. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
- ^ Radio Tunis (2010). "Radio Sfax, official site". Radiodiffusion Television Tunisienne. Archived from the original on 2010-08-21. Retrieved 2011-01-01.
- ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
- ^ "Sfax Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- ^ "Sfax Climate and Weather Averages, Tunisia". Weather2Travel. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- ^ enis.rnu.tn
- ^ escs.rnu.tn
- ^ flshs.rnu.tn
- ^ fmsf.rnu.tn Archived 2007-04-05 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ isaas.rnu.tn
- ^ fsegs.rnu.tn
- ^ 
- ^ isimsf.rnu.tn
- ^ Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble –Coopérations et villes jumelles". Grenoble.fr. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- ^ "Universitätsstadt Marburg Partnerstädte". marburg.de. Retrieved 2011-03-20.
The Station ID for Sfax is 45050111.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sfax
Last edited on 1 May 2021, at 12:53
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.